1． on in at
on 具体到某一天或在on a cold winter morning有修饰限定
in一般加地点较多 或者季节、年份等 in spring, in 1990
at 具体的时间点 at six 年龄 at the age of 6
- the other others another other
总数两个 one…the other… I have two sons, one is a doctor, the other is a teacher.
others 后没名词了 help others= help other people
another 后跟名词单数 另一个又一个再一个
other后加名词复数 other students
- sometimes 有时 sometime 某个时候 some time 一些时间 some times 几次
4．neither 既不…也不 … either或者…或者… both 两者都谓语动词用复数
all 三者或以上都用于肯定句 none 三者或以上都不 用于否定句
every 强调整体Is everyone here？大家都到了吗？
- can/may be 可能是 can’t be 不可能是 must be 一定是 mustn’t 禁止 don’t have to , needn’t 不需要, 没必要 另外注意could you …? 回答不用could，而用can. 或can’t. May I…? 提问，肯定不用yes，you may. 太正式了，一般用Of course. Go ahead. Yes, please. 否定回答一般用No, you can’t或语气较为强硬的No, you mustn’t.
- little 很少几乎没有，否定，不可数. We have little milk left. Shallwe buy some?
few 很少几乎没有，否定，可数名词 I’m new here. I have few friends. I’m lonely.
a little 有一点，不可数名词，肯定句 a few 有一点，可数名词 肯定句
- as，by，of， with
as 经常考表示“作为” The Great Wall is regarded as a symbol of China.
We recommend him as our monitor.
She gave me a basketball as a birthday present.
by 经常考表示方式方法比如by hand，by bus。He did a survey by asking us ten questions.
Of表所属关系 a house of our own a photo of my family
with表示①和，go with me。② 用，write with a pen ③ 表伴随 with a smile on her face
pay cost take spend
- it one that those
it特指 There is only one copy left. Would you like to take it? It特指这仅剩的一份
one 泛指 I like your shirt. Where did you buy it? I’d like to buy one too.
The weather in Beijing is different from that in Shanghai.
The students here are different from those in their school.
- since as because because of unless although
Since 常考的表示①“既然” 表原因 ②自从…开始 现在完成时中（have/has done）
Because+句子 because of +短语
Unless 除非 可以改成if not 看看是否通顺
You will get lost unless you take a map with you. 可以改成if not. You will get lost if you don’t take a map with you.
Although 尽管 不和but连用 (同理，because也不和so连用)
- arrive at / in reach get to
Arrive in +大地点 比如北京 某个国家之类
Arrive at+小地点 比如学校，家，派对等
Reach可直接加宾语 reach school get to 必须有to
- the number of 后谓语动词用单数 表…的数量 a number of 相当于some后用复数
The number of teachers in our school is 99. A number of them have cars.
- look after 照看照料 find out 找出查明(线索，真凶等) look for 寻找，寻找的动作过程 find 找的结果 找到或者没找到 We are looking for the ball. But we can’t find it.
- turn off 关掉（电视等）turn on 打开（电视等）turn down调低音量
- put up 张贴悬挂 put on 穿上 put off 推迟 put away 收拾好放好take away 拿走 take off 飞机起飞/脱衣服
- That’s all right 没关系 相当于never mind , it doesn’t matter
all right 好吧 表示答应 my pleasure 跟在thank you 后
with pleasure 跟在can you help …? 后
not at all 不客气不用谢和don’t mention it ，you’re welcome 都可以跟在thank you后
come on加油 good luck 对方说要去考试了祝好运 对方说考试通过了 congratulations祝贺你 对方说要去拜访谁 please give my regards to …带上我的祝福给….
- on time 准时 in time 及时
- so that 和such that 记住五把要是
so good/ so well
so little/ few/much/many
so beautiful a girl /such a beautiful girl
such beautiful girls
such pleasant weather
- as…as…和…一样 A is as big as B A和B一样大
not so/as… as A is not as big as B A没有B那么大
- have been to 去过，往往后加次数 Ihave been to Hainan twice. have gone to 去了，强调人不在 Where is John? He has gone to England. have been in 待在某地多久后加一段时间 Ihave been in Beijing for three days.
- be made of 看得出原材料 be made in 后加产地 be made from 看不出原材料
21.be famous for + 出名的东西比如园林，美食等 be famous as +身份，如作家，作曲家等
- hand in 上交 hand out 分发 相当于give out
- while 考到一般表示对比 Ilike fishing while my father likes playing tennis.
或者两个进行时同时发生 I was watching TV while he was reading.
As 两个都是短动作 As he sat down on the sofa, she came into the room.
As或者表示伴随的情况As the sun rose, the fog dispersed. 随着太阳的出现，雾气被驱散了。
- on one’s way 在去..的路上 in one’s way 挡道了 by the way 顺便说一下
- look forward to doing 期盼做 pay attention to doing 注意做
be used to doing 习惯于做 devote to doing 致力于做
be used to do sth 被用来做某事 knives are used to cut things. 这是被动语态了。
- provide sth for sb provide sb with sth
Offer sb sth offer sth to sb
- prevent /stop/stop/keep sb from doing 阻止某人做
28 die dying death dead
die 动词 瞬间的动作 不能和一段时间连用
dying 形容词 垂死的
dead 形容词 没有生命的 sb has been dead for two years sb is dead
death 名词 the death of sb
- hear from 收到来信 hear of 听说
- remember doing 记得做过某事
remember to do 记得要去做
forget doing 做了忘记做过
forget to do 忘记去做
Far more beautiful make it a little easier even better much bigger
- go beyond sth Her achievements went beyond the film industry.
go beyond doing Her work goes beyond taking care of the patients.
- Sth is not available 某个东西没有了（断货了等）
---Do you have blue t-shirts?
--- Sorry, they are not available right now.
Sb is not available 某人没空
--Can I speak to your boss?
--Sorry, he is not available right now. He’s having a meeting.