初中英语时态答题易错点归纳

hujiaming1997
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2021年4月15日23:02:21 1970字阅读6分34秒

初中英语时态答题易错点归纳
易错点一、忽略题干的语境
1. I was giving a talk to a large group of people, the same talk I _______ to half a dozen other groups.
A. was giving   B. am giving  C. had given    D. have given

【解析】许多同学可能会简单地根据前面的was giving而误选A。但事实上,此题提供的语境是:我当时正在给一群人作报告,这个报告我曾给其他若干批人讲过。由于was giving为过去进行时,而“曾给其他若干批人讲过”显然发生在was giving这一过去时间之前,故用过去完成时,即答案选C。

  1. Father _____ for London on business upon my arrival, so I didn’t see him. A. has left  B. left   C. was leaving   D. had left

【解析】若单独看Father _____ for London on business upon my arrival这一句,则答案选C或D均可。但是,若结合后面的so I didn’t see him,则答案只能选D。因为,既然“我没有见到他”用了过去时态,那么“父亲离开”就肯定属于“过去的过去”,故要用过去完成时。

易错点二、滥用时态呼应
1. I _______ in London for many years, but I’ve never regretted my final decision to move back to China.
A. lived    B. was living C. have lived    D. had lived

【解析】许多同学一看到后面的have never regretted为现在完成时,同时选项C也是现在完成时,结果滥用时态呼应,将答案误选C。其实,此题的最佳答案是A。句中but后的句子告诉我们,说话者现在已搬回了上海,所以他住在伦敦应属于过去的事情,故应用一般过去时。

  1. He was hoping to go abroad but his parents _______ that they won’t support him unless he can borrow money from the bank. (2005湖北卷)
    A. were deciding B. have decided     C. decided    D. will decide

【解析】有的同学一看到句中的was hoping,便想当然地认为答案是A或C。其

实,此题的最佳答案是B,用现在完成时表示目前决定“已经”作出。其实,假若此处填过去时态,它与其后宾语从句中的won’t, can也自相矛盾,故应排除

 

易错点三、忽略简单时态的特殊用法
Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belts. The plane _______.
A. takes off      B. is taking off    C. has taken off      D. took off

【解析】此题答案选B,用现在进行时表示将来意义。The plane is taking off. 的意思是“飞机马上就要起飞了”。

易错点四、忽略排除法的使用
I won’t tell the student the answer to the math problem until he ______ on it for more than an hour.
A. has been working       B. will have worked  C. will have been working      D. had worked

【解析】此题选A,has been working 为现在完成进行时,是许多中学生不太熟悉的一种时态,因此要想通过分析句子直接从正面选出答案可能有一定困难。但是,如果我们用排除法来分析,则问题变得很简单:首先,由于until引导的是时间状语从句,根据“主将从现”原则,当主句为将来时态时,时间状语从句不能直接用将来时态来表示将来意义,据此可排除B和C;而选项D为过去完成时,也不能选,因为“过去完成时”必须以“过去”为支点,表示“过去的过去”,但此句并没有过去时态这一支点,故此选项也被排除。

易错点五、误解时态“标志”
As soon as he comes back, I’ll tell him when ______ and see him. (2005北京卷)
A. you will come        B. will you come     C. you come       D. do you come

【解析】许多同学一看到句中的when,就以为这是一个时间状语从句,认为要用一般现在时表示将来,故误选了C。其实,此题的答案是A,句中的时态“标志”词when不是引导一个时间状语从句,而是引导一个宾语从句,也就是说,它的意思不是“当……的时候”,而是表示“什么时候”

 

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