初中英语重点短语用法

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2021年4月15日23:05:06 30998字阅读103分19秒

初中英语重点短语用法点拨

 

★according to 根据;按照

点拨:复合介词,后接名词或代词。

According to the rules that people can’t stay here for a long time.

根据规则人们不能长时间在这儿停留。

According to my watch it is six o’clock. 照我的表,现在是6点钟。

★across from  在……对面

点拨:后接地点名词。

The hospital is across from the bank. 医院在银行对面。

★agree to  同意

点拨:后接名词,表示同意或接受某事,尤其指别人提出的某事。

He agree the plan (the date). 他同意了这个计划(日期)。

We agreed to their arrangement. 我们同意了他们的安排。

★agree with……  同意/赞成某人的……

点拨:后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

Generally speaking, we all agree with him. 总的说来,我们都同意他的意见。

★all kinds of  各种各样的

点拨:后接可数名词复数。

There are all kinds of birds here. 这里有各种各样的鸟。

★allow...to do  允许……做某事

点拨:后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

The guard allowed Kate to leave her bike here. 门卫允许凯特把自行车放在这里。

The teacher allowed us to discuss in class yesterday.

昨天老师允许我们在课堂上讨论。

★apologize to  向……道歉

点拨:后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

You should apologize to your teacher for coming late.

你应该为你的迟到向你的老师道歉.

★arrive at/ in  到达

点拨:at后接较小的地点,in后接较大的地点。

When did you arrive at the station? 你是什么时候到达火车站的?

We will arrive in Paris at 5:30 tomorrow afternoon.

我们将在明天下午五点半到达巴黎。

★ ask for 请求

点拨:后接需要的某事

He was so busy that he had to ask for help. 他太忙了,不得不请求帮助。

I decided to go to the next house and ask for food

我决定去隔壁那家要点吃的。

★ask sb for sth 向某人要/寻求某物

点拨:ask后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

He often asks his parents for help. 他经常向父母求助。

Mike always asks his mother for money. 迈克总是向他母亲要钱。

★ask sb to do sth  叫某人做某事

点拨:ask后接人名或人称代词的宾格。

The teacher told Bill to stand up and answer the question.

老师叫比尔站起来回答问题。

My mother asks me to come back on time after school every day.

我妈妈要我每天放学后按时回来。

★as soon as 一……就……

点拨:后接从句,强调两个动作几乎是同时发生。

I’ll leave as soon as I get the money! 我一拿到钱就走!

The dogs ran off as soon as we appeared. 我们一露面狗就跑了。

★a couple of  一双;一副;一对

点拨:后接连在一起共同使用的由相同、相通或相关的两部分构成的单件物品。

There is a couple of boys waiting for you. 有几个男孩在等你。

A couple of goats are butting each other. 两只山羊在用角互相顶撞。

★a pair of  一双;一副;一对

点拨:后接连在一起共同使用的由相同、相通或相关的两部分构成的单件物品。

This is a pair of chopsticks. 这是一双筷子。

Yesterday morning I went to the supermarket and bought 10 pairs of socks.

昨天上午我去超市买了10双袜子。

He bought a new pair of glasses every other month. 他每隔上个月就买一副新眼镜。

★a set of  一串;一套

点拨:后接连在一起共同

She took out a bunch of keys from her handbag. 她从提包里掏出一串钥匙来。

He gave me a set of beautiful stationery. 他送给我一套漂亮的文具。

★a (little) bit 一点儿

点拨:修饰不可数名词,常与of连用。

There is a bit of water in the bowl. 碗里有一点水。

I had a little bit of milk. 我喝了一点牛奶。

★a little 一点儿

点拨:修饰不可数名词或形容词。

I have a little money in the bank. 我在银行还有一点钱。

I could just eat a little something. 我只能吃一点点东西。

These shoes are a little too big for me. 这双鞋对我来说太大了一点。

★be afraid of  害怕

点拨:后接名词、代词或动名词。

The little boy is afraid of that dog. 这个小男孩怕那只狗。

He seems to be afraid of nothing. 他好像什么也不怕。

I started to feel afraid of going out alone at night. 我开始害怕夜间单独外出了。

★be allowed to  被允许

点拨:后接动词原形。

He will not be allowed to take the exam. 他不能参加考试。

Children should not be allowed to watch violent movies. 不应允许儿童看暴力电影。

★be angry with sb 对某人生气

点拨:后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

They are angry with Jim because he is not active at all.

他们对吉姆很生气因为他一点也不积极。

I’m angry with her for lying to me. 由于她说谎,我对她很生气。

★be busy doing/ with sth  忙于做某事

点拨:with后接名词或代词。

She was busy doing her homework. 她正于着做家庭作业。

He’s busy with some important work. 他正忙于一些重要工作。

★be born with  生而具有;生就

点拨:后接名词。

He was born with a good memory. 他生来记性就好。

I believe that every person is born with talent. 我相信每个人都有与生俱来的天赋。

★be different from  与……不同;不同于

点拨:后接名词或代词。

American English is very different from British English.

美国英语与英国英语有很大差异。

My pen is different from his. 我的钢笔和他的不同。

★be/get married to sb 娶/嫁某人;与某人结婚

点拨:后接后接某人或宾格。

He was/ got married to a nurse. 他娶了一位护士。

Xiaoli is married to my brother for 3 years.  Xiaoli 嫁给我的哥哥三年了。

We’re getting married next week. 我们下星期结婚。

★be filled with  用……充满/装满

点拨:后接名词。

The bottle is filled with water. 瓶子里装满了水。

As he listened to the music, his eyes filled with tears. 他听着音乐,眼睛里噙着泪水。

★be good at  擅长于……

点拨:后接名词、代词或动名词。

Li Ping is good at playing basketball.李平擅长于打篮球。

I think Lily is good at everything. 我认为莉莉擅长于每一件事情。

★be good with  与……相处得好

点拨:后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

We all know that Mike is good with Jack. 我们都知道迈克与杰克处得很好。

All the time, he has been good with us. 一直以来,他与我们处得很好。

★be hard on sb   对某人太苛刻/严厉

点拨:宾语是人或宾格。

Don't be so hard on him. 别对他太苛刻了。

She begged him not to be so hard on the child. 她祈求他不要对孩子那么严厉。

★be harmful to  对……有害

点拨:表示对某事物有害。

Sweets are harmful to children's teeth. 甜食对儿童的牙齿有害。

It is well known that smoking is harmful to the health. 众所周知,吸烟对人体有害。

★be interested in  对……感兴趣

点拨:后接名词、代词或动名词。

She is interested in music. 她对音乐感兴趣。

They hope you will also be interested in it. 他们也希望你对这事感兴趣。

Many children are especially interested in playing games.

许多小孩对玩游戏特别感兴趣。

★be proud of 为……骄傲/自豪

点拨:后接人或事。

we are all proud of you. 我们都为你感到骄傲。

We are proud of our achievements. 我们为我们的成就而感到自豪。

★be responsible for  对……负责

点拨:表示对某事有责任。

She should be responsible for her actions. 她应对自己的行为负责任。

Mike is responsible for designing the project. 迈克负责设计这个工程。

★be sure about  确信;对……有把握

You can be sure about their interest in it. 你可以确信他们对此很感兴趣。

We are sure about this exam. 我们最这次考试有把握。

★be similar to  与……相似

点拨:后接名词或宾格。

My problems are very similar to yours. 我的问题和你很相似。

There are many toys that are very similar to it. 有许多词与它非常相似。

★be thankful to  对……感激

点拨:后接名词或宾格。

We should be thankful to the life. 我们应对生活充满感激。

You should be thankful to him for him. 为此你应该感激他。

★be made from  由……制成/造

点拨:后接名词,强调成品看不出原料。

Paper is made from wood. 纸是由木头制成的。

★be made of  由……制成/造

点拨:后接名词,强调成品看得出原料。

The table is made of wood. 桌子是由木头制成的。

★be ready for  准备好;为……准备

点拨:强调准备好某事,但事情还没做。

My mother is ready for lunch. 我妈妈准备好了做午餐。

I’m just getting the kids ready for school. 我正在让孩子们准备好去上学。

★be ready to do sth  准备好/乐意做某事

点拨:强调准备好,但事情还没做。

I’m ready to do anything you want me to do. 我准备做一切你要我做的事。

He is always ready to help his friends. 他总是乐意帮助朋友。

★be strict in 对(做)某事要求严格

点拨:后接名词或动名词。

We should be strict in (doing) our work. 对工作我们应该严格要求。

★be strict in sb  对某人要求严格

点拨:后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

The teacher is very strict with John. 老师对约翰非常严格。

His father is strict with him. 他父亲对他严格要求。

★be strict in sb  对(做)某事要求严格

点拨:后接某事或做某事。

Every staff must be strict in their work. 每个员工对工作都必须严格要求。

We should be strict in our studying. 我们应该严格要求我们的学习。

★be sure about/ of   对……有把握

点拨:后接名词或代词。

I’m sure about Tom’s promise. 我对汤姆的承诺有把握。

He is sure of everything. 他对每件事都有把握。

★be used for  被用于

点拨:后接名词或动名词。

The money will be used for the estate's upkeep. 这笔钱将用于物业维护。

This tool is used for shaping wood. 这个工具是用来加工木料的。

★be used to do 被用于做某事

点拨:表示某物被用于做某事。

Wood is used to make paper. 木料被用来造纸。

★be used to doing sth 习惯做某事

点拨:强调长久养成的行为。

I am used to playing games. 我习惯玩游戏。

★be willing to do sth  愿意做某事

点拨:强调主语的自愿意识。

He’s willing to help the old man. 他愿意帮助那位老人。

★be terrified of 害怕

点拨:后接名词、代词或动名词。

Many animals are terrified of the tiger. 许多动物都怕老虎。

My father terrified of killing chicken. 我父亲害怕杀鸡。

★be thirsty for 渴望

点拨:后接名词、代词或动名词。

Young man should be thirsty for knowledge. 青年人应该渴望知识。

She is thirsty for news of her children. 她渴望得到孩子们的消息。

I am thirsty for it because it's very rare. 我渴望它,因为它非常罕见。

★be used as/ for  被用作……

点拨:后接名词或动名词。

The school was used as a hospital during the war. 战争期间这所学校被用作医院。

The machine is used for cutting things. 这台机器被用来切割东西。

★because of  因为

点拨:后接名词、代词或动名词。

She’s been off work because of sickness. 她因病没有上班。

She didn’t go to school because of breaking his left leg. 她因左腿骨折没有上学。

★believe in  相信

点拨:后接某人或宾格。

I don’t believe in my father anymore. 我不再相信我的父亲。

They believe in me and encourage me. 他们相信我,鼓励我。

★belong to  属于;是……的成员

点拨:后接名词或人称代词的宾格。

This book belongs to him. 这本书是他的。

They belong to the football club. 他们是足球俱乐部的成员。

★between...and  在……和……之间

点拨:连接两个同类的词。

Tom sat between Simon and Kate. 汤姆坐在西蒙和凯特中间。

Children must be taught the difference between right and wrong.

必须教儿童分清是非。。

★break into 闯进;闯入

点拨:后接某地点。

He broke into the office without knocking. 他没敲门就闯进了办公室。

The thief broke into the house and stole the computer. 窃贼闯入屋里偷走了电脑。

★break out  爆发

点拨:单独使用。

Wars often break out in this area. 这个地区经常爆发战争。

Scuffles broke out between police and demonstrators.

警察和示威者之间爆发了冲突。

★call up  打电话给……;征召

点拨:后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

I don’t want to call up my mother. 我不想打电话给我母亲。

His elder brother was called up for military service. 他的哥哥应召去服兵役。

★care about  关心;担心

点拨:后接名词或人称代词的宾格。

He really cares about the students in our class. 他的确关心我们班的学生。

My mother always cares about me. 我妈妈总是关心/ 担心我。

★care for  照顾;关心

点拨:后接名词或人称代词的宾格。

No one else could care for my grandma, Sally explained.

萨莉解释说,没有人能照顾我奶奶。

They got a nurse to care for her. 他们找了个护士来照顾她。

★catch up with  赶上;追上

点拨:后接名词或人称代词的宾格。

I couldn’t catch up with him. 我赶不上他。

Anyway, I have to catch up with them. 无论如何我得赶上他们。

★change……into  把……变成

点拨:change后接名词或代词,into后接名词。

They changed desert into farmland. 他们把沙漠变成了农田。

They changed it into a box. 他们把它变成了一个盒子。

★cheer up  (使)高兴起来;(使)振作起来

点拨:可单独使用,宾语一般是sb/oneself。

Hearing the good news, I cheered up. 听到这个好消息,我高兴起来。

You should cheer him/ yourself up. 你应该让他/你自己振作起来。

★clean up  打扫干净

点拨:后接名词,接代词时应用其宾格,放在clean与up中间。

Please clean up your room. 请把你的房间打扫干净。

Let’s clean them up now. I’ll give you a hand.

我们现在就来把它们打扫干净吧!我帮你。

★clean out  清理(干净)

点拨:后接名词。

He cleaned out his room. 他清理了他的房间。

This morning he cleaned them out. 今天早上他把它们清理干净了。

★close to 接近;与……关系密切

点拨:宾语是人或物。

You was standing close to the fire, it was very dangerous.

你站得离火太近,这很危险。

Tom is very close to my father. 汤姆和我父亲的关系很亲密。

★come back  回来

点拨:单独使用,常与from连用。

I've just come back from the United States 我刚从美国回来。

Perhaps it would be better if you came back tomorrow. 如果你明天回来,也许更好。

★come from 来自于;出身于

点拨:后接某地方。

Nearly half the students come from abroad. 将近一半的学生来自国外。

I come from a teacher’s family. 我出身于一个教师家庭。

★come into  进来;进入

点拨:指走进某地方。

He came into the room and shut the door. 他进了房间,把门关上。

The train slowly came into the station. 火车慢慢进入车站。

★come on  来吧;快点

点拨:单独使用,表示提醒。

Come on, let’s go. It's this way. 来吧,这边,走这条路。

Come on, it's time to put these toys away. 快点儿,现在该把这些玩具收起来了。

★come up with  想出;赶上

点拨:指想出某主意等;指赶上某人或交通工具。

How could he come up with this idea? 他怎么想出这个主意的?

I had to run to come up with him. 我得跑才能赶上他。

★come out  出来;出版

点拨:单独做谓语,不带宾语。

Do you remember switching the lights off before we came out?

你记得我们出来之前关灯了吗?

When will the dictionary come out? 那本词典什么时候出版?

★come true  成事实;实现

点拨:单独使用。

If I win, it will be a dream come true. 如果我赢了,那就是梦想成真。

His wish to study music has come true at last. 他学习音乐的愿望这回算实现了。

★compare...with  把……和……作比较

点拨:两个词后都可接名词或代词。

You can’t compare a pencil with a crayon. 你不能拿铅笔我和蜡笔做比较。

Don’t compare me with other children. 不要拿我和其他的孩子做比较。

★connect ...with 和……有关;和……有联系

点拨:前后两个宾语有一定关系。

People usually connect China with silk and good food.

人们一提到中国,往往便联想到丝绸和美食。

You need to connect with your audience. 你需要和你的观众有所交流。

★cover with  用……遮盖住

点拨:后接某物。

He covered the table with cloth. 他把桌子用布盖好了。

Cover with planks, as of a wall or a floor. 在墙上或地板上用木板覆盖。

★cry out  喊叫;呼喊

点拨:单独使用。

She wanted to cry out, but she couldn't make any sound.

她想喊叫,可是她发不出任何声音。

They heard someone cry out from inside the house. 他们听见有人在屋里大声呼喊。

★cut down  砍倒

点拨:后接名词,接代词时应用其宾格,放在cut与down中间。

Soon they cut down that big tree. 很快他们就把那颗大树砍倒了。

The apple tree was dead and he cut it down. 那棵苹果树枯死了,他把它砍掉了。

★cut off 切掉;切断

点拨:后接名词,接代词时应用其宾格,放在cut与down中间。

He has a finger cut off by a machine while work.他在工作时被机器切掉了一个手指。

Our water supply has been cut off again. 我们的供水又被切断。

★cut out 切去;割去;剪去

点拨:后接名词,接代词时应用其宾格,放在cut与down中间。

He cut off a board. 他切下一块木板。

He cut off a piece of cloth. 他割下了一块布。

He cut it out and found it would make just one pair.

他把它裁剪好,发现它刚好够做一双鞋。

★cut up  切碎

点拨:后接名词,接代词时应用其宾格,放在cut与down中间。

He cut up all the food. 他把所有的食物都切碎了。

You have to cut it up and eat it with a fork. 你得把它切碎后用叉子吃。

★decide to  决定做某事

点拨:后接动词原形。

We have decided to go skating tomorrow. 我们已决定明天去滑冰。

★deal with 处理;应付

点拨:后接名词或代词。

I don’t know how they deal with the problem. 我不知道他们如何处理这个问题。

★depend on/ upon  依靠;取决于

点拨:后接名词或代词。

This will depend upon your decision. 这将取决于你的决定。

We have to depend on him to win the game. 我们得靠他来赢得比赛。

★divide (...) into 分成;把……分成……

点拨:通常用被动语态。

The school year is divided into two trimesters. 一学年分两个学期。

He divided the money into three equal parts. 他把钱平分成三份。

★die down  减弱;逐渐平息

点拨:由强到弱,表示气势、势力等变弱。

After a while, the wind began to die down. 过了一会儿,风开始减弱。

It was not until evening that the storm died down. 直到晚上暴风雨才逐渐平息。

★die of 死于

点拨:只因为疾病、事故或意外而死。

Sadly, both he and my mother died of cancer.

非常不幸的是,他和我母亲都死于癌症。

No one ever died of a broken heart. 从来没有人因为过度悲伤而死。

★dislike doing sth  不喜欢做某事

点拨:dislike后通常接动名词。

I dislike listening to Rock music. 我不喜欢听摇滚乐。

★dream of  梦见;梦想

点拨:指梦见某人或某事物;指对未来的一种期望。

I dreamed of you last night. 昨夜我梦见了你。

我梦想着有一天环游世界。

I dream of traveling around the world one day. 我梦想着有一天环游世界。

★drop by  顺道拜访

点拨:单独使用。

I’ll drop by sometime next month. 我下个月会找时间顺道去拜访

She just dropped by to see how her uncle was getting on.

她只是顺道来看看她的叔叔过得怎么样。

★due to  由于

点拨:表示原因或理由。

The expressway is closed due to bad weather. 由于天气恶劣,高速公路被封闭。

He was late due to the heavy rain. 由于下大雨,他迟到了。

★eat up  吃光;吃完

点拨:引导的让步状语从句往往是假设性的。

He ate up all the dumplings. 他吃光了所有的水饺。

I ate up all the food I could find in the fridge. 我吃完了能在冰箱里找到的食物。

★end up  结束;终结

点拨:可单独使用,也可接动名词。

After dinner we ended up at the movie. 晚饭后我们去看了电影。

The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而结束。

★enjoy oneself 玩的高兴/愉快

点拨:后接反身代词。

Get out and enjoy yourself, make new friends. 出去走走,好好玩玩,交些新朋友。

All the boys enjoyed themselves at my birthday party.

所有的男孩都在我的生日聚会上玩得很开心。

★enjoy doing sth  喜欢/享受做某事

点拨:后接动名词。

All of us enjoy playing football. 我们都喜欢踢足球。

My sister enjoy listening to music. 我妹妹喜欢听音乐。

★even if  即使;尽管

点拨:引导的让步状语从句往往是假设性的。

Even if I fail, I will never give up. 即使失败,我也绝不放弃。

★even though  即使;尽管

点拨:引导让步状语从句。

He can draw even though he’s only 5 years. 即使/尽管他只有五岁但会画画。 

★fall asleep  入睡;睡着

点拨:强调睡的状态。

The baby fell asleep in its mother's arms. 小孩儿在妈妈的怀里入睡了。

She was so tired that she fell asleep quickly. 她非常疲劳,很快就睡着了。

★fall down 摔倒,跌倒;倒塌

点拨:指某人摔倒;构造物倒塌。

In the rainstorm, he fell down over and over again.

在暴雨中,他一次又一次地摔倒。

Many buildings fell down during the earthquake. 在地震中许多楼房倒塌。

★fall over  摔倒;跌倒

点拨:单独使用,主语通常是人。

Children often fall over while coming down the stairs. 小孩子经常在下楼时摔倒。

Mary hurt herself when she fell over. 玛丽跌倒时受了伤。

★feel free 随便(做某事)

点拨:后接动词不定式。

Feel free to ask questions if you don't understand. 你要是不懂,可以随便提问。

Please feel free to say what you really think. 请随便说说你的真实想法吧。

★feel like  有……的感觉;感受到

点拨:后接名词或代词。

I felt like a hurt animal. 我感觉像一个受伤的动物。

★find out  发现;找到

点拨:指通过努力查明一个事实真相,找出不容易被发现的东西。

She finally found out my secret. 她最终发现了我的秘密。

Peter has found out a new way to learn Chinese. 彼得找到了学习汉语的新方法。

★finish doing  完成做某事;做完某事

点拨:finish后接动名词。

She has to finish doing her homework now. 现在,她不得不完成作业。

When she finished playing the piano, I pointed out a few small mistakes.

她弹完琴后,我给她指出了几个小错误。

★fix up  修理

点拨:后接名词或代词,相当于repair。

The garage man fixed up the old car and sold it.

这个汽车修理工把那辆旧汽车修好了,并把它卖掉.

★forget to do/ doing  忘记做某事

点拨:forget to do表示忘记还没做的事,forget doing表示忘记已做过的事。

Don’t forget to close the door. 别忘了关门。

I forgot posting the letter. 我忘了信已寄出。

★get on/ off 上/下车

点拨:单独使用。

Where do we get on the bus? 我们在哪儿上公共汽车?

I’m getting off at the next station. 我在下一站下车。

★get back to  答复;返回到

点拨:后接地点名词或人称代词的宾格。

Let me get back to you. 我过一会儿打给你吧。

I think I should get back to work. 我想我该回去工作了。

★get on/along with  与……相处

点拨:后接名词或人称代词的宾格。

How are you getting o with your parents? 你和父母亲相处得如何?

Mary gets along well with us. 玛丽和我们相处得很好。

★get to 到达

点拨:后接地点名词。

He didn’t get to the hotel until midnight. 他半夜才到达旅馆。

As soon as we got to school, it began to rain. 我们一到学校就下起雨来。

★get out of 离开;从……出来

点拨:后接表示地点的名词。

He got out of the car, and looked around. 他下了汽车,看了看四周。

I still haven't got out of the mountain village. 我还没有这个山村。

★get up  起床

点拨:单独使用。

They have to get up early in the morning. 他们大清早就得起床。

★get used to (doing) sth / get used to sth 习惯于(做)某事

点拨:强调现在还在做。

Tom wasn’t used to noise, but he gets used to it.

汤姆之前并不习惯于噪音,但是现在习惯了。

You will get used to the food here. 你会习惯这里的伙食的。

★give away  赠送;捐赠

点拨:接代词时应用其宾格,放在give与away中间。

The Public Relation people give away 100, 000 balloons.

公共关系公司的人们赠送了10万个气球。

I will fix up the bikes and give them away. 我将修这些理自行车并捐赠它们。

★give off 放出;发出

点拨:指释放出(气体、热量、气味等)。

Cars give off much poisonous gas every day. 汽车每天释放出很多有害气体。

The flowers give off a sweet fragrance. 花散发出甜美的香气。

★give out  分发;散发

点拨:指分发书、卷、报纸和散发传单等;宾语是代词时用宾格,放在give与out 中间。

You can help us to give out the newspapers. 你可以帮助我们分发报纸。

A young woman gave out leaflets to all those who entered the hall.

一个年轻的妇女向所有进入大厅的人散发传单。

★give up  放弃

点拨:宾语是代词时用宾格,放在give与up中间。

He had to give up his job.

他不得不放弃工作。

Mike advised his father to give up smoking. 迈克劝告他父亲戒烟。

I won’t give it up before I find a new job. 我在找到新工作以前不会放弃的。

★go by (时间)流逝;过去

点拨:单独使用。

As time go by my memory seem to get worse.

随著时间的流逝,我的记忆力似乎越来越差。

As the months went by, I began to realize that I was hopeless.

几个月过去了,我开始意识到我没希望了。

★go off  发出响声

点拨:通常指闹钟、鞭炮等发出声音。

The alarm went off at half past seven in the morning. 闹钟在早上七点半响了。

The firecracker didn’t go off. 爆竹没响。

★go out of one’s way to do sth  特地(不怕麻烦)做某事

点拨:one’s与主语一致。

They went out of their way to help us. 他们特地来帮助我们。

★grow up  长大

点拨:单独使用,指长大成人。

Nowadays kids grow up so quickly. 如今孩子们成长得真快。

The three sisters have grown up. 她们三姐妹三个已经长大成人了。

★hand in  上交

点拨:通常指上交作业、拾到的失物等。

You should hand in your composition the day after tomorrow.

后天你应该上交你的作文。

I'll hand in these things to the lost and found center.

我会上交这些东西给失物招领中心。

★hand out  分发;散发

点拨:后接名词或人称代词的宾格。

The teacher had the monitor hand out the papers. 老师让班长分发试卷。

Ask your cousin to hand them out at lunch tomorrow.

叫你表兄在吃午饭的时候把它们发出去。

★happen to  碰巧

点拨:指某意外的事发生在某人身上或碰巧发生某意外的事。

The same thing happened to me last week. 上星期我也遇到了同样的事。

She happened to be out when we called. 我们打电话时她刚巧不在家。

★help sb (to) do sth  意为“帮助某人做某事”,

点拨:to通常省略。

I hope you will help me find the answer.  我希望你能帮我找到答案。

★help sb with sth  在某事上帮助某人

点拨:help后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

Can you help him with this work ? 你能帮助他完成这项工作吗?

★help sb out  帮助某人解决困难

点拨:help后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

My father helped David out. 我父亲帮助大卫摆脱了困境。

He always helps me out with money. 他总是用金钱帮我渡过难关。

★hold on to  坚持

点拨:后可接名词或代词。

She will hold on to a plan of her own. 她将坚持她自己的计划。

If we believed something was true, good and beautiful we should hold on to it.

如果我们认为某些事物是真善美的,就应该坚持。

★help oneself to  请随便吃/喝……

点拨:后接食物或饮品。

Help yourself to the fruit. 请随便吃水果。

Help yourself to some tea.  请随便喝点茶。

★hear about  听说/ 到

点拨:指听到关于某人或某事。

I'm pleased to hear about your news. 听到你的消息我很高兴。

She was surprised to hear about her mistake. 听到自己犯的错误,她感觉很惊讶。

★hear of  听说

点拨:后接某人或某事。

I’ve heard of the famous professor. 我听说过那个著名的教授。

We have heard of the war. 我们听说过那场战争。

★hear from  收到……的来信

点拨:后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

I heard from my teacher yesterday. 我昨天收到我老师的来信。

I’m very glad to hear from you. 收到你的来信,我非常高兴。

★hundreds of  成百上千;许许多多

点拨:后接可数名词复数。

There are hundreds of people in the hall. 大厅里有成百上千的人。

Hundreds of birds come from the south. 许许多多鸟从南方飞来。

★hang out  闲逛;逗留

点拨:指无目地的闲荡。

I used to hang out in supermarkets. 我过去经常在超市里闲逛。

Don't hang out here. 不要在这里逗留。

★hurry to  匆忙/ 急忙去

点拨:表示匆忙或急忙去某地。

He hurried to a hospital. 他匆忙去了一家医院。

She hurried to the kitchen in back of the store. 她急忙进到商店后面的厨房。

★hurry up 赶紧;赶快

点拨:可单独使用,常用来提醒。

Hurry up! We’re going to be late. 快点!我们要迟到了。

He told me to hurry up and take my bath. 他告诉我快点洗澡。

★instead of  代替

点拨:后接名词、代词和动名词等。

I give him advice instead of money. 我给了他忠告而不是给他钱。

He will do the work instead of you. 他将代替你做这项工作。

Now I can walk to work instead of going by car.

现在我可以步行去上班,而不必开车了。

★in order to  以便;为了

点拨:后接动词原形,表示目的。

He walked about in order to keep warm. 他来回走动以便使身体暖和。

★introduce sb to...  把某人介绍给……

点拨:to后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

You should introduce me to Peter. 你应该把我介绍给彼得。

Let me introduce my friend to you. 我把我的朋友介绍给你。

★invite sb to do sth  邀请某人做某事

点拨:invite后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

They will invite Betty to play table tennis. 他们将邀请贝蒂打乒乓球。

We invited her to have dinner with us. 我们邀请她共进晚餐。

★in front of  在……前面

点拨:强调在某范围外的前面。

There is a tree in front of the classroom. 教室的前面有一棵树。

★in the front of  在……前面

点拨:强调在某范围内的前面。

There is a blackboard in the front of the classroom. 教室前面有一块黑板。

★jump up  跳起来

点拨:指向上跃起。

I jumped up to catch a ball and fell over. 我跳起来接球,结果摔了个跟头。

★join in  加入;参加

点拨:指加入或参加某活动。

He hopes that more people will join in protecting natural ecosystems.

他希望更多的人加入到保护自然生态系统的行列中来。

They have agreed to join in a public meeting. 他们同意参加公共集会。

★jump into  跳进

点拨:指跃起跳到某地方。

He jumped into the river to save the man. 他跳进河里,去救那个人。

★jump off/ down  跳下

点拨:指从某某物体上往下跳。

Monkeys can easily jump off the tree. 猴子能轻易地从树上跳下来。

She jumped down from the chair. 她从椅子上跳了下来。

★keep (...) away from  远离

点拨:指避开某些不利的事。

As long as you can keep away from them, you're safe.

只要你离他们远一点, 你就会安全.

You should keep the fish away from the cat. 你应该让鱼远离猫。

★keep doing sth  坚持做某事

点拨:强调动作的继续和反复,不间断或保持一种状态。

He kept talking until the meeting was over. 他一直在说,直到会议结束。

He kept on repeating the words over and over. 他一遍又一遍重复这几句话。

★keep on   继续

点拨:表示保持做某事,后常接动名词。

Keep on reading the text until you've learned it by heart. 继续读课文,记住了才算数。

Keep on learning as long as you live. 活到老,学到老。

★keep...to oneself  保守秘密

点拨:keep后接的宾格和oneself 应与主语人称一致。

You must keep you to yourselves. 你们必须保守秘密。

★know about  知道;了解

点拨:后接某人或某事物。

You know about Andy. 你知道安迪的情况。

We all know about the environment in Australia. 我们都了解澳大利亚的环境。

★laugh at 取笑;嘲笑

点拨:后接某人。

She is not afraid to laugh at herself. 她不怕取笑自己。

If you could see me now, you would laugh at me.

如果你现在能看到我,你一定会嘲笑我的。

★let...down  使……失望

点拨:let接某人或人称代词的宾格。

Work hard, or let your parents down.努力工作,不然会让你父母失望的。

★listen to  听

点拨:后接名词或代词。

I listen to the radio on the way to work. 我在上班的路上听广播。

No matter what kind of music you like, you can listen to it.

无论你喜欢哪种音乐,你都可以听。

★look after  照顾;照料

点拨:后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

She is too busy to look after her child. 她太忙,没有时间照顾孩子。

He will look after me this weekend. 这个周末他会照料我。

★look at  看

点拨:后接人或物或人称代词的宾格。

Everyone looked at Betty with strange eyes. 大家都用异样的眼光看着贝蒂。

We sneaked a look at her diary. 我们偷偷看了一眼她的日记。

However you look at me, I won't say anything. 不管你怎么看,我不会说什么。

★look back at   追忆;回顾

点拨:指会议过去的人或物。

One day, people will start to look back at the past. 总有一天,人们会开始追忆往事。

We look back at history, to grasp our present and future.

我们回顾历史,是为了更好地把握今天和未来。

★look for 寻找

点拨:强调“找”的动作或过程。

He is looking for his watch. 他在找手表。

She looked for him but couldn’t see him in the crowd.

她在人群里找来找去,但没看见他。

★look forward to  期待;期盼

点拨:后接名词、代词或动名词。

I look forward to hearing from you. 我期待你的来信。

I now look forward to going back to work as soon as possible

我现在期盼尽早回到工作岗位。

★look like 看起来像

点拨:表示看起来与(某人或某物)相像,强调外观。

The man looks like our teacher. 那人看起来像我们的老师。

Ducks look like geese. 鸭子看起来像鹅。

★look through  浏览;翻阅

点拨:后接名词或代词。

Every morning my father looks through the paper for something interesting to read.

每天早上我爸爸都浏览一下报纸,找些有趣的来看。

The sisters began to look through photograph album. 姐妹俩开始翻阅照相本。

★look up   查找

点拨:指在书或词典里查找。

You can look up this sentence in Chinese books. 你能在语文书里能查找这个句子。

You can look up words you don’t know in the dictionary.

你可以在词典里面查找你不认识的单词。

★look up to  敬仰;钦佩

点拨:宾语通常是人。

The students all look up to the old professor. 学生们都很敬仰那位老教授。

You are someone to look up to no matter what progress I've made.

不管我取得多大的进步你都是我最钦佩的人。

★leave for 动身去

点拨:指动身出发去某地。

John is leaving for London Next Friday. 约翰下周五要去伦敦了。

★leave from从……离开

点拨:后接地点名词或代词。

What time does the boat leave from New York? 船什么时间离开纽约?

You must leave from here and come back here. 你要从这里离开,再回到这里。

★make a decision  作出决定

点拨:表示针对某件特别的事做出决定。

I made a decision to give up smoking. 我决定戒烟。

★make a difference 有影响;起(重要)作用

点拨:表示有影响和起的作用大。

Inventions usually make a big difference to people’s lives.

发明通常对人们的生活有很大的影响。

Anything that we did will make a difference. 我们所做的一切都会起重要作用。

★make a mistake/ mistakes 犯错;出错

点拨:表示犯错误或出错误。

They avoid challenges because challenges make mistakes more likely.

他们躲避挑战,因为挑战更容易犯错。

When we make a mistake, she often makes us stand up.

当我们出了错,她经常让我们站起来。

★make one’s way 前往;费力地前进

点拨:后常用动词不定式,表示付出努力而达到某一目标。

He’s tired, but she still made her way to work. 凯特很累,但她还是前去上班。

★make sure  确信;确保;确定

点拨:后常接宾语从句以及of和to等。

He made sure that the windows were closed. 他确信/确定窗户关了。

You’d better make sure of the time. 你最好确定一下时间。

Make sure to keep your key with you next time. 下次要确保随身携带钥匙。

★make up  编造

点拨:其所接宾语通常为故事、诗歌、谎言和借口等名词。

He's very good at making up stories.他很善于编故事。

★more than  超过;多于

点拨:常与数词连用。

I’ve known him for more than twenty years. 我认识他已超过二十年了。

★no longer/ not...any longer 不再

点拨:强调时间上的“不再”,通常位于实意动词前、助动词后或句末。

He knows that he is no longer young. 他知道自己不再年轻。

I’m sorry but I can't stay any longer. 很抱歉,我不能再待下去了。

★no more/ not...any more 不再

点拨:强调程度上的“不再”,通常位于实意动词前、助动词后或句末。

It seems no more related to our daily life. 这好像与我们的生活不再有什么联系。

Now she won’t have to go out to work any more. 现在她不必再出去工作了。

★not...in the slightest  一点都不……;根本不……

点拨:not后接形容词或动词原形。

I don’t like eating apple in the slightest. 我一点也不喜欢吃苹果。

★not...until  直到……才

点拨:until后接时间或从句。

Li Lei didn’t come until the film had begun. 直到电影开始李雷才来。

★neither...nor  既不……也不……

点拨:表否定意义,连接两个并列成份。

Neither dad nor mum is at home today. 今天爸爸妈妈都不在家。

★or so  大约;左右

用法点拨:通常放在被修饰成分后。

This kind of plane weighs 10 tons or so. 这种飞机重10吨左右。

★one another  互相;彼此

点拨:常用于三者或三者以上之间。

The members of the team support one another. 队员们相互支持。

★pass by  经过;

点拨:可单独使用,也可后接地点名词。

Pass by here then go down! 从这儿过去,然后向下走。

I see them pass by my house every day 我每天看见他们从我家旁边经过。

★pay attention to  注意

点拨:后接名词、代词或动名词。

We should pay more attention to the safety of students in school.

我们应该更加注意学生的在校安全。

You must pay attention to his spelling. 你必须注意拼写。

★pay for  为……支付

点拨:表示为某事付钱。

How much rent do you pay for this place? 你租这个地方的租金是多少?

★pick up  拿起;捡起;(用车)接载

点拨:接名词时,可放在其后或两个词中间,接代词时必须放在两个词中间。

Mr Green picked up his hat and went out. 格林先生拿起帽子出去了。

He picked up a pen on the road. 他在路上捡起一支钢笔。

We’ll drive to the airport to pick you up tomorrow. 我们明天开车去机场接你。

★play the role of   起作用

点拨:后接名词或代词。

It has played the role of promoting cultural exchanges among different countries.

它发挥了促进各国文化交流的作用。

★play with  和……一起玩;玩……

点拨:后接名词或代词。

The young girl loved to play with her playmates.

这个小女孩喜欢和她的伙伴一起玩。

Children like to play with water. 小孩爱玩水。

★plenty of  大量的;充足的

点拨:后接可数名词复数或不可数名词。

We should eat plenty of fruit and vegetables. 我们应该吃大量的水果和蔬菜。

In hot weather, drink plenty of water. 天热时要多喝水。

★point to 指向

点拨:表示指向离说话人较远的人或物,to也是介词,着重于指的方向。

At midday both hands point to twelve. 正午两个指针都指向十二点。

★point out 指出

点拨:后接名词和that从句。

He pointed out my mistake. 他指出了我的错误。

It has been pointed out that many parents will not educate their children.

有人指出许多家长不会教育孩子。

★prepare for   为……准备

点拨:表示为某事准备。

It was not until Saturday that he began to prepare for the examination.

他直到星期六才开始为考试作准备。

It is never too early to prepare for the future. 为将来作准备越早越好。

★provide...with...  提供某人某物

点拨:表示提供给某人某物。

The government wanted provide them with food. 政府想给他们提供食物。

They will provide us with eggs and meat. 他们将为我们提供鸡蛋和鸡肉。

★provide...for...  提供某物给某人

点拨:表示提供某物给某人。

The government will provide much food for the people in the earthquake.

政府将为地震中的人们提供大量的食物。

Food can provide energy for us. 食物可以给我们提供能量。

★prevent...from 阻止...做某事

点拨:后接动名词或其短语。

He prevented me from going there. 他阻止我去那里。

The bad weather conditions prevented the plane from landing

糟糕的天气使飞机无法降落。

★pull...down  拆下;摧毁

点拨:接代词时应用其宾格,放在put与down中间。

It is easier to pull down than to build up. 拆房容易盖房难。

The old lady was flung out of the house because the owner wanted to pull it down.

房东要拆掉这所房子,所以这位老太太被赶了出来。

★put away  收好;把…收起;放好

点拨:后接名词,接代词时应用其宾格,放在put与away中间。

You should put away your food. 你应该把食物收起来/ 放好。

I want to put them away before this afternoon. 我想在下午之前把它们收好/ 放好。

★put...in/ into  把……放/进

点拨:put后接名词或代词。

Put the book in the box. 把书放在盒子里。

Put the apples into the bag. 把苹果放进袋子里。

★put off  推迟;延期

点拨:单独使用,常用于被动语态。

The meeting will be put off till next week. 会议延期到下周。

★put on  穿

点拨:宾语是代词时,必须放在两个词中间。

She put on her coat and went out. 她穿上大衣出去了。

It's cold outside. Put it on. 外面冷,穿上它。

★put up  举起;张贴;搭建

点拨:宾语是代词时,必须放在两个词中间。

All the students put up their hands. 所有的学生都举起了手。

Please put up the map on the wall.

请把地图贴在墙上。

He was putting up a new fence at his home. 他正在为自己家搭建新的篱笆墙。

★quite a few  相当多

点拨:后接可数名词复数。

There are quite a few books in the library. 在这个图书馆里有相当多的书。

★remind...of  使……想起

点拨:remind后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

The gift will always remind me of you. 这个礼物将使我永远想到你。

★remember to do/doing 记得做某事

点拨:remember to do表示记得要做的事,remember doing表示记得做过某事。

Remember to post the letter for me. 记住给我邮这封信。

I remember seeing him last month. 我记得上个月见过他。

★run after  追赶

点拨:后接名词或人称代词的宾格。

If you run after two hares, you will catch neither. 两只兔都赶,一只也逮不着。

After that no one will run after me. 之后就不会有人再追着我了。

★run away 逃跑

点拨:后常接from。

The thief snatched her purse and ran away. 小偷抢了她的钱包逃跑了。

Their son ran away from home. 他们的儿子离家出走了。

★run out (of)  用完;耗尽

点拨:run out of的主语只能是人,run out的主语通常是时间、金钱、食物等无生命名词。

I’ve run out of money. 我把钱用完了。

Her money ran out. 她的钱用完了。

★stand up 起立;站起来

点拨:单独使用。

The students should stand up when class begins. 开始上课时学生要起立。

The baby girl is able to stand up and walk. 这个女婴能站起来走路了。

★seem to do sth 似乎/好像要做某事

点拨:seem后接动词不定式。

I seem to have caught a cold. 我似乎感冒了。

Some people seem to do it as a hobby. 有些人这样做好像仅仅是一种消遣。

★seem to be 似乎;似乎是;好像是

点拨:seem后通常接形容词。

The old man seems to be asleep. 那老人似乎睡着了。

This feeling seems to be natural. 这种感触似乎是自然的。

Eating seems to be his only interest in life. 吃好像是他生活中唯一的嗜好。

★sell at  以……价格出售

点拨: at后接单价。

All bikes will be sold at a discount of 15%. 所有的自行车都有15%的折扣。

★sell out  卖完;售完

点拨:主语可以是人,常用于被动语态。

This kind of mooncake have been sold out. 这种月饼已经被买完了。

★set off  出发;动身

点拨:单独使用。

We’ll set off at 6:30 in the afternoon. 我们将在下午6:30出发。

★set out  动身;出发

点拨:单独使用。

They set out on the last stage of their journey. 他们动身踏上最后一段行程。

They decided to set out right away. 他们决定立刻出发。

★set up  建立;设立

点拨:指建立某个单位或设立某个组织。

He has just set up his own business. 他刚建立起自己的公司

He had set up two charitable trusts. 他已设立了两个慈善信托机构。

★shoot at 向……射击

点拨:后接某人或某物。

Soldiers guarding the city would shoot at the enemy from up there.

守城的士兵可以在上面向敌人射击。

A hunter is shooting at a flock of birds. 一个猎人正在向一群鸟射击。

★shout off  切断;关掉

点拨:后接名词。

You should shout off the power first. 你应该先切断电源。

They pulled over and shut off the engine. 他们把车停到路边并关掉了发动机。

★sit down  坐下

点拨:单独使用。

Come and sit down and have a rest. 来坐下歇一会儿吧。

My leg still aches when I sit down. 坐下时我的腿还会痛。

★spend...in/on 在……花费

点拨:in后接动名词,on后接名词。

They spent two years (in) building the bridge. 造这座桥花了他们两年时间。

He doesn't spend much time on English. 他花在英语上的时间不多。

★stay away from  远离……;与……保持距离

点拨:后接名词或代词。

We must stay away from drugs. 我们必须远离毒品。

★stop doing sth  停止做某事

点拨:指停止正在做的事。

When they saw the teacher, they stopped talking.

当他们看到老师时,他们停止了讲话。

I must stop smoking. 我必须戒烟了。

★stop to do sth  停止下来做某事

点拨:指停止做的事开始做另一件事。

I'm tired. Let’s stop to have a rest. 我累了,咱们停下来休息一会吧。

I was lost and had to stop to ask the way. 我迷路了只好停下来问路。

★stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事

点拨:stop后接某人。

My mum stopped me from playing games. 我妈妈阻止我玩游戏。

I tried to stop my father from smoking, but failed。

我尽力阻止爸爸抽烟,但是失败了。

★suggest doing  建议做某事

点拨:suggest后接动名词。

He suggested going out for a walk. 他建议出去走走。

I suggest making a plan first. 我建议先制定一个计划。

★talk to  和……交谈

点拨:宾语通常是人。

I want to talk to her about it. 我想和她谈谈这事儿。

Talk to your doctor if you're still worried. 如果你仍然不放心,就找医生谈一谈。

★talk about  谈论

点拨:宾语通常是人或事物。

Let them talk about me. 随他们怎么说我吧。

When they get together, all they talk about is football.

他们在一起时,谈论的都是足球。

★talk back 顶嘴 ;顶撞

点拨:单独使用。

Speaking to your parents, you’d better not talk back. 跟你父母说话时最好不要回嘴。

He won’t talk back to me because he is wrong. 他不会顶撞我的,因为他错了。

★talk with  与……谈话

点拨:宾语通常是人。

He often has a heart-to-heart talk with the workers. 他经常和工人们促膝谈心。

I had to talk with her.  我得和她谈一谈。

★take after  像

点拨:指在外表、举止、性格方面像或像某家庭成员。

Mary really takes after her mother. 玛丽长得真像她的妈妈。

The two brothers take after their father. 兄弟俩像他们的父亲。

★take away带走,拿走

点拨:如宾语是名词,可放在其后或两个词中间;如宾语是代词,必须放在两个词中间。

He took away my basketball. 他把我的篮球带走了。

Take it away when you go out. 出去时把它带走。

★take care of  照顾;照料

点拨:后接某人或人称代词的宾格。

He wants to take care of that old man. 他想照顾那位老人。

★take down意为拆除、取下、记录

点拨:拆掉(建筑物等);把某物从一个地方拿下来;用书面形式记录下来。

They will take down these old houses. 他们将拆除这些旧房子。

My father took the map down from the wall. 我父亲把地图从墙上取下来。

He took down the new words in the blackboard. 他把黑板上的生词记了下来。

★take in 吸入;吞入

点拨:指脱掉衣物等或飞机起飞。

Humans take in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide. 人吸入氧气,呼出二氧化碳。

Leaves take in sunlight. 叶子吸收阳光。

★take off 脱掉;起飞

点拨:指脱掉衣物等或飞机起飞。

He felt hot and took off his sweater. 他感到很热,把毛衣脱了。

When will the plane take off? 飞机何时起飞?

★take place发生

点拨:指原来不存在的事或事件出现了。

The incident took place about 500 meters from where he was standing

事故发生在距他所站位置大约500米远的地方。

Great changes took place between the two world wars.

两次世界大战之间发生了巨大的变化。

★take pride in  以…自豪;对…感到满意

点拨:宾语通常是某事。

I take pride in my work. 我为自己的工作感到骄傲。

Parents take pride in the success of their children.

父母常因自己孩子的成功感到自豪。

★tell (...) about... 告诉/讲述……关于……

点拨:指告诉(某人)关于某事。

He told me about his unhappy childhood. 他告诉了我他不幸福的童年。

She didn’t want to tell about the past. 她不愿讲述她往昔的事情。

★thanks to  多亏;得亏

点拨:表示由于别人的帮助或某种有利因素,避免了不幸或得到了好处。

I want you to know that thanks to you. 我希望你知道,多亏了你。

Thanks to you, I finished the work quickly. 得亏了你,工作很快就完成了。

★think about  考虑

点拨:后接名词或动名词,接名词时可放在其后或两个词中间,接代词时必须放在两个词中间。

They’re thinking about buying a new car.他们正在考虑买一辆新车。

★think of 想起

点拨:后接某人或某事物。

He suddenly thought of his parents in the country. 他突然想起了乡下的父母。

I’m happy when I think of the poems I wrote then.

每当我想起我那时写的诗歌就开心。

★think over 仔细考虑

点拨:接名词时可放在其后或两个词中间,接代词时必须放在两个词中间。

I suggest you think over your plan carefully. 我建议你认真考虑一下你的计划。

★thousands of  成千上万的

点拨:后接可数名词复数。

There are thousands of ducks on the lake. 湖面有成千上万的鸭子。

★throw away  扔掉;丢掉

点拨:如宾语是代词,必须放在两个词中间。

Every day people throw away about 2, 500 tons of paper in our city.

在我们的城市里,人们每天扔掉大约2500吨纸。

You should throw away useless clothes. 你应该丢掉那些无用的衣服。

★throw (...) into  扔进……;把……扔进

点拨:如宾语是代词,必须放在两个词中间。

He is throwing some stones into the lake. 他正把一些石头扔进湖里。

A lot of rubbish is thrown into the sea. 许多垃圾被扔进了海里。

I want to throw them all into the house. 我想把它们都扔进屋里。

★try one’s best  尽力

点拨:后接动词不定式。

We should do our best to help these orphans. 我们应该尽力帮助这些孤儿。

★turn (...) into 变成;把……变成

点拨:可用主动语态或被动语态。

Water becomes solid when the temperature goes down to zero.

温度降到零度,水就变成了固体。

A wise man can turn chance into good luck. 一个聪明人能把机会变成好运。

He has been turned into a frog. 他被变成一个青蛙了。

★turn on/ off  打开/关掉

点拨:打开/关掉(水、电器、灯、煤气等)。

Please turn on/ off the radio. 请把收音机打开/关上。

Please turn on/off the tap first. 请先打开/关掉水龙头。

★turn up/ down 开大或调高/关小或调低(电器、暖气、炉火等)

点拨:通常指开大或调高/关小或调低(电器、暖气、炉火等)

Bill would turn up the radio in the other room

比尔会把另一个房间里的收音机声音开大。

Turn down the TV. I'm on the phone. 把电视音量关小,我正在打电话。

★the same as  和……一样

点拨:后接名词或代词。

This pen is the same as mine. 这支钢笔和我的一样。

★talk about  谈论

点拨:表示谈论某人或某事。

Please don’t talk about this problem. 请不要谈这个问题。

★teach oneself  自学

点拨:oneself应与主语一致。

I teach myself English in my spare time. 业余时间我自学英语。

★try doing sth 尝试做某事

点拨:指做以前买做过的事。

This is her first that she tried playing basketball. 这是她第一次尝试打篮球。

★try on   试穿;试戴

点拨:宾语是代词时用宾格,放在try与on中间。

Then why don’t you try on the shoes by yourself?

那你为什么不自己试穿这双鞋呢?

I’d like to try it on. 我想试戴它。

★try one's best  尽力

点拨:后接动词不定式。

But first of all, you have to try your best to pass the exam.

不过首先你得尽力通过考试。

★try out  参加……选拔;试用

点拨:指按条件参加某职位或团队等的选拔,经认可合格而被挑选。试用某物或产品。

David decided to try out for the company manager. 大卫决定参加公司经理的选拔。

We are going to try out for the basketball team. 我们打算参加篮球队的选拔。

I want to try out this car. 我想试用这款小汽车。

★try to do sth   试图;设法

点拨:指想法做某事或努力做某事。

A nurse began to try to save his life. 一名护士开始试图挽救他的生命。

We should try to save water. 我们应设法节约用水。

★up to  到达;达到

点拨:表示到达或达到某数量或程度等;也可表示数量至多有或不多于。

We visited up to ten scientists yesterday. 昨天我们拜访了十位科学家。

The temperature is up to 15℃. 气温来到15度。

★use up  用完;耗尽

点拨:主语必须是人。

They have used up their money.他们已经把钱花光了。

★used to  过去常常

点拨:后接动词原形。

I used to come home late at night. 我过去常常深夜回家

★wait for  等待;等候

点拨:指等人或等车。

I'm quite happy to wait for you here. 我非常高兴在此等候你。

I walk to a street corner and wait for the school bus 我走到街角等校车。

★wake up  醒来;叫醒

点拨:接名词时可放在其后或两个词中间,接代词时必须放在两个词中间。

I usually wake up at seven in the morning. 我通常起床在早上七点。

Mum wakes me up at six in the morning. 妈妈在早上六点叫醒我。

★walk along/ down 沿着……走

点拨:指顺着(江河、道路或物体的边)。

Did you use to walk along the river? 你过去经常沿河边散步吗?

I often walk along the road to our school. 我经常沿着这条路去我们学校。

Walk down this street to the end then turn right. 沿街走到尽头再往右拐。

★walk into  走进;走路时撞着

点拨:表示步行从外面进入某个地方,强调行走的方向。

A boy is walking into the reading room. 一个男孩正走进阅览室。

I walked into a chair. 我走路碰到了椅子。

★warn sb (not) to do sth  警告/告诫某人(不)做某事

They warned him to leave here at once. 他们警告他马上离开这里。

The police warned us not to go out at night. 警察告诫我们夜间不要出门。

★write about  写……的事

点拨:后接名词或代词。

Mike, write about your father. 迈克,写一写你的父亲。

★work out  解决;算出

Finally she worked out the problem. 最后她解决了这个问题。

I can’t work out this maths problem. 我不能算出这道数学题。

★worry about  担心;担忧

Don't worry about my illness. 不要担心我的病。

★write down  写下

点拨:接名词时可放在其后或两个词中间,接代词时必须放在两个词中间。

Write down these numbers, please! 请写下这些数字。

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