人教版七年级下册英语复习重点知识

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2021年4月19日23:16:16 12805字阅读19分7秒

Unit 1 Can you play the guitar?

1、在某方面帮助某人              你能帮孩子们(kids)游泳吗?

help sb. with  sth               Can you help kids with swimming?

2、帮助某人做某事                我姐姐帮助我学英语。

help sb. (to) do sth               My sister helps me (to) learn English.

(My sister helps me with my English.)

3、善于应付...的;和……相处的好  这个老师和孩子们(kids)相得很好。

The teacher is good with the kids.

be good with                   你和老人(old people)相处的好吗?

Are you good with old people?

4、擅长  be good at              我擅长英语。I am good at English.

他擅长游泳。He is good at swimming.

5、和某人谈论(某事)(两个短语)  他和我谈论足球。He talks with me about soccer.

talk to sb /talk with sb (about sth.)

6、告诉某人某事 tell sb. sth.       我告诉他真相(the truth)。I tell him the truth.

7、讲故事 tell stories            8、play the violin/guitar/drums/piano  弹奏…(乐器)

9、一点 a little                 我会讲一点英语。I can speak a little English.

10、want的用法:

想做某事   want to do sth          我想踢足球。I want to play football.

想要某物   want sth               我想要一台钢琴。 I want a piano.

11、like的用法:                  我喜欢打篮球。I like to play basketball./I like playing basketball.

like to do sth./like doing sth      我喜欢与人们交谈和做游戏。

I like to talk and play games with people.

12、too 与also的区别:also    常放在句中,

too   一般用于句末,其前常加逗号

我会说英语,我也会踢足球。I can speak English and I can also play soccer.

我会弹吉它,我也会弹钢琴。I can play the guitar. I can play the piano, too.

13、or 用于选择疑问句,             你会唱歌或跳舞吗?Can you sing or dance?

或否定句表并列                  我不喜欢苹果和香蕉。  I don’t like apples or bananas.

14、交朋make friends             15、在周末 on the weekend/on weekends

  1. can you swim?  Yes,I can./no, I can’t..

Can he/she/Jane/they play chess?

What can you do?  I can dance. 你会/能做什么?

What club do you want to join? 你想参加什么俱乐部?

I want to join a sports/music/ the art club.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit 2 What time do you go to school?

短语/词组:

get up 起床  get home到达家中   go to work去工作    make breakfast做早饭

practice guitar  练吉它      take a shower洗淋浴       go to class  上课

take the Number 17 bus to the Hotel 乘17路公共汽车去旅馆

go to school 上学          have breakfast/dinner/lunch  吃早、晚、午饭

go to bed  睡觉   put on  穿衣服(反义词take off)   listen to  听…

do one’s homework  做家庭作业      tell sb. about sth.  告诉某人某事

in the morning/afternoon/evening  在早上/下午/晚上

英语时间的表达:

(1)整点时间可表示为“钟点数+o’clock”或直接读钟点数,省去o’clock。如:

It’s ten o’clock a. m.  现在是上午十点整。

(2)非整点时间可采取读数法。

6:10 →six-ten                     8:50→eight-fifty     9:30→nine-thirty

10:15→ten-fifteen       7:45→seven forty-five          11:05→eleven-five

(3)分钟数不超过30分钟,可用介词“past”。如:11:05→five past eleven

8:15→a quarter past eight/fifteen past eight  9:30→half past nine或thirty past nine

(4)分钟数超过30分钟,用介词to,表示“差,不到”。如:

11:50→ten to twelve       9:45→a quarter to ten或fifteen to ten

12:59→one to thirteen

句型 1.What time do you usually get up?             你通常什么时候起床?

I usually get up at six o’clock.                      我通常六点起床。

What time does your sister usually get up?  你妹妹通常什么时候起床?

She usually gets up at 6:30.                         她通常6:30起床。

  1. when does scott go to work ?     He laways goes to work at 11:00.

When do your friends exercise?   They usually exercise on weekends.

3.What is the time? 几点了?           It’s twelve o’clock.   12点了。

  1. 4. School starts at nine o’clock. 九点钟学校开始上课。

Unit3 How do you get to school?

一、短语,词组

1.get to school 到校 2.take the subway/train/bus 乘地铁/坐火车/乘公共汽车

  1. worry about 担忧,焦虑,担心4.leave for 到……地方去,离开去某地

5.take…to…把……带到…… 6. most students 大多数学生

  1. depend on 依赖,决定于8.from…to…从……到……

9.think of 想到,想起 10.ride bikes 骑自行车

11.in other parts of the world 在世界的其他地方 12. how far 多远

  1. be different from和……不同

14.go to school by boat/on foot 乘船/步行去上学

15.drive a car 开车   16.come true  实现  17.cross the river 过河

二、句型

1.How do you get to school? 你怎么去学校?

I ride my bike./ I go to school by bike.我骑自行车去学校。

How does she go to work? 她怎么上班?

She takes the bus./she goes to work by bus.她乘公交去上班。

2.how far is it from your home to school?你家离学校有多远?

It’s about 3 kilometers.大约3公里。

  1. how long does it take  to get to school? 去学校大概花费多长时间?

It takes about 20 minutes. 大概20分钟。

  1. It takes sb some money/time to do sth.花费某人多少时间/钱做某事.

It takes me 20 nimutes to do my homework. 做作业大概花费我20分钟时间。

  1. Does jane walk to school?简步行去学校吗No,she doesn’t.不,她不是。

6.their dream can come ture.他们的梦想能够实现。

7.感谢用语:Thank you very much , Thanks a lot

回答感谢用语的句子:That’s ok /all right. 不用谢。You are welcome 不客气。

It is my pleasure./My pleasure./It is a pleasure.不客气、那是我的荣幸。

Don’t mention it.别在意。 It was nothing at all.那没什么。

Unit 4 Don't eat in class. 

短语:1. in class 在课上 in the classroom 在教室里

  1. arrive late for class = be late for class上课迟到3. (be) on time 准时
  2. fight with sb. 和某人打架5. must = have to 必须做  不得不做
  3. bring…to… 把…带到…来 Bring your books to school .
  4. eat outside 在外面吃饭wear a uniform 穿制服wear glasses 戴眼镜
  5. 8. practice the guitar 练习吉它 practice playing the guitar 练习弹吉他
  6. on school nights在上学的晚上 on school days在上学的日子
  7. too many + 可数名词复数  too much + 不可数名词  表示太多…
  8. make one’s bed 铺床 make breakfast 做早饭 make friends 交朋友
  9.                          13.too 肯定句中表示“也”。either 否定句中表示“也”

I can play chess. She can, too.

I can’t play chess. She can’t, either.

14.think about = think of 考虑、认为

How do you think about this sweater? 你觉得这件毛衣怎样?

  1. make rules 制定规则follow the rules 遵守规则break the rules 违反规则
  2. keep (+名词或代词)+形容词,表示保持某物怎么样 keep quiet 保持安静

keep your hair short保持头发短 keep your room clean 保持房间干净

  1. be strict (with sb.) 对某人严格 My mom is strict with me.

18.school rules 校规

句型:祈使句:动词原形开头。

Open the door!   Don’t run in the hallways.

What are the rules?规则是什么? We must wear the school uniforms.我们必须得穿校服。

What do you have to do?            We have to be quiet in the library.

have to & must

 

 

 

Unit 5 Why do you like pandas?

短语:

1.like sth. 喜欢某物 I like pandas.   like to do sth.= like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

I like to watch TV.= I like watching TV.

like 另有介词“像…一样”的意思,如:He jumps here and there, like a monkey.

  1. welcome to + 地名 表示欢迎来到某地 如Welcome to Beijing./Welcome to my home.
  2.  want sth. 想要某物 如:I want a new school bag.

want to do sth. 想做某事 如:She wants to be a singer.

I’d love to = I’d like to 表示我想去… I’d = I would

would like to do = want to do 如:I would like to go to a movie.

  1. kind of+形容词=a little +形容词 表示 有点   kind 另有种类的意思
  2. be from = come from 表示来自哪里

He is from China.= He comes from China.

Is he from China= Does he come from China?

Where is he from?=Where does he come from?

  1. walk on 表示用某种方式行走 walk on two legs  walk on hands 倒立行走
  2. one of my friends 我的朋友之一
  3. be in (great ) danger 处于(极大的)危险中. 如:Tigers are in great danger.

dangerous  adj.危险的 如:Tigers are dangerous.

  1. get lost 迷路  lost 是形容词,表示丢失了的
  2. (be) made of… 由什么制成 如:Paper is made of timber(木材).
  3. live in + 地名 表示住在某地  如:I am from England, but I live in China.

句子:

1.---Why do you like pandas? ---Because they’re kind of interesting.

---Why does John like koalas? -- Because they’re very cute

—Why don’t you like tigers?--Because they’re really scary.

  1.  --Where are lions from?

--They’re from South Africa.

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