中考常考词汇短语辨析总结

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2021年4月22日22:27:24 3430字阅读11分26秒
  a number of “许多,大量”A number of students are in the classroom.
the number of “……的数量”The number of our students is 50.作主语,谓语用单数

 

 

 

some 和any

some “一些”,可以修饰可数名词和不可数名词 用于肯定句

说话人希望得到肯定回答或表达请求、建议some可以用在疑问句。

你要喝咖啡吗?  Would you like some coffee?

any 用于否定句,疑问句   There aren’t any students in the classroom.

如在肯定句,表示“任何”。

 

many和much

  “许多” 问数量 “太多”
可数 many

Many books

how many

How many books do you have?

too many

too many books

不可数 much

much water

how much

还可以问价格“多少钱”

How much water do you have?

How much is the book?

too much

too much water

 

both 和all

both “两者都” Both of his parents joined the meeting.

他的父母都参加了会议。

all 三者及以上的全部 All the students are in the classroom.

所有学生都在教室。

 

few和little

  肯定意义“有一点儿 否定意义“几乎没有
可数 a few

I have a few friends.

我有一些朋友。

Few

I am new here.So I have few friends.

我是新来的。所以我几乎没有朋友。

不可数 a little

There is a little milk.

那儿还有一点儿牛奶。

little

There is little milk.You need to buy some.

那儿几乎没有牛奶了。你需要买一些。

 

 

1)We’d better wait _______ more minutes. I think Jeff will come soon.

  1. a fewB. few                 C. a little               D. little

2)In our school, ______ students like English, but ______ of them can speak English  smoothly.

  1. a little; a few       B. a few; few             C. a few, little              D. a little; few

 

 

 

because作连词,because +句子 He is absent today because he is ill.
because of为介词短语后接名词名词短语或代词 Because of the heavy rain, he missed the early bus

 

 

 

 

Neither… nor…即不…也不… (两者都不)

Neither you nor he likes cats. 你和他都不喜欢猫。

 

遵循就近原则
Either… or… 不是…就是… (两者中的一个)

Either Lily or you are a student.

要么你要么莉莉是学生。

Not only …but (also)… 不仅……而且……

Not only he but also I am a student.

不仅他我也是一个学生。

   both……and……两者都 Both he and I are students.

 

 

be made of  _______ “由……制成的”of简单,看得出原材料
be made from _______ “由……制成的”,看不出原材料
be made in _______   产自
be made by______  被谁制成的

 

 

 

how 的提问 回答
How long (多长时间) for+时间段
How often  (多久一次) 回答频率副词,often/ once/twice a week
How soon  (多久之后) in+时间段    in two hours
How far (多远) 回答路程:five minutes’ walk
How much多少(钱) 回答数量或价格
How many多少 回答数量

 

 

 

 

 

other

each other彼此

 

 

___“其它的”,后接名词复数_______无范围限制________

Do you have any other question(s)? We need to help each other.
the other

one ……the other ……

一个……另一个

 

____后接名词复数,特定范围里剩下的其它部分_____

  He has two daughters. One is a nurse, the other is a worker.

 

others

some……others……

一些……另一些

“其它的”,_后不可接名词,无范围限制_

__________________________

  Some of us like singing and dancing, others like sports.
the others  

后不可接名词,特定范围里剩下的其它部分

  Two boys will go to the zoo, and the others will stay at home.
another

表示“又”“再”时

another five minutes=

five more minutes

 

_三者及以上的另一个_,后接名词单数_

I don't like this one. Please show me another.

 

 

 

 

three hundred students 三百个学生

hundreds (百)of 数以百计的
thousands (千)of 数以千计的
millions(百万) of 数以百万的
billions(十亿) of 数以十亿的

 

 

spend  过去式spent 花“时间/金钱”sb. spend money/time on sth./(in)doing sth.
                I spend one hour (in)doing /on my homework.
pay       过去式 paid 花“金钱” sb. pay money for sth.
              I paid five dollars for my new notebook.
take 过去式took 花“时间”It takes sb. time to do sth.
             It took me one day to visit the science museum.
cost 过去式cost 花“金钱”sth. cost sb. money
           This bike cost me two hundred.

 

 

so that      以便 that后接句子,表“目的”
            I get up early this morning so that I can catch the bus.
so……that……如此……以至于…… so后接形容词/副词
            The movie is so interesting that I want to watch it again.
such…… that ……如此……以至于…… such修饰名词
             It’s such an interesting movie that I want to watch it again.
too……to do ……太……而不能…… too 后接形容词/副词
             He is too young to look after himself.
not  ……enough to do……不足够去做某事  enough 用法口诀:enough放在名前形副后
              He is not old enough to look after himself.

 

 

across介词,穿过,不能单独使用 从物体表面横穿,一般指穿过马路、街道 He walks across the road.
cross动词,穿过 He crosses the road.
through介词,穿过 从内部穿过,穿过“森林、城市等” He goes through the forest alone.

 

 

 

though    [ðoʊ] 连词,虽然,即使
through    [θruː] 介词,穿过
thought    [θɔːt] 动词think的过去式

 

 

also “也” 句中,be动词后,实义动词前
too 肯定句句末,前用逗号隔开
either 否定句句末,前用逗号隔开

 

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