人教版七年级下册英语复习重点知识总结

大南
大南
大南
801
文章
0
评论
2020年4月4日22:31:12 12805字阅读42分41秒

Unit 1 Can you play the guitar?

1、在某方面帮助某人              你能帮孩子们(kids)游泳吗?

help sb. with  sth               Can you help kids with swimming?

2、帮助某人做某事                我姐姐帮助我学英语。

help sb. (to) do sth               My sister helps me (to) learn English.

(My sister helps me with my English.)

3、善于应付...的;和……相处的好  这个老师和孩子们(kids)相得很好。

The teacher is good with the kids.

be good with                   你和老人(old people)相处的好吗?

Are you good with old people?

4、擅长  be good at              我擅长英语。I am good at English.

他擅长游泳。He is good at swimming.

5、和某人谈论(某事)(两个短语)  他和我谈论足球。He talks with me about soccer.

talk to sb /talk with sb (about sth.)

6、告诉某人某事 tell sb. sth.       我告诉他真相(the truth)。I tell him the truth.

7、讲故事 tell stories            8、play the violin/guitar/drums/piano  弹奏…(乐器)

9、一点 a little                 我会讲一点英语。I can speak a little English.

10、want的用法:

想做某事   want to do sth          我想踢足球。I want to play football.

想要某物   want sth               我想要一台钢琴。 I want a piano.

11、like的用法:                  我喜欢打篮球。I like to play basketball./I like playing basketball.

like to do sth./like doing sth      我喜欢与人们交谈和做游戏。

I like to talk and play games with people.

12、too 与also的区别:also    常放在句中,

too   一般用于句末,其前常加逗号

我会说英语,我也会踢足球。I can speak English and I can also play soccer.

我会弹吉它,我也会弹钢琴。I can play the guitar. I can play the piano, too.

13、or 用于选择疑问句,             你会唱歌或跳舞吗?Can you sing or dance?

或否定句表并列                  我不喜欢苹果和香蕉。  I don’t like apples or bananas.

14、交朋make friends             15、在周末 on the weekend/on weekends

  1. can you swim?  Yes,I can./no, I can’t..

Can he/she/Jane/they play chess?

What can you do?  I can dance. 你会/能做什么?

What club do you want to join? 你想参加什么俱乐部?

I want to join a sports/music/ the art club.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit 2 What time do you go to school?

短语/词组:

get up 起床  get home到达家中   go to work去工作    make breakfast做早饭

practice guitar  练吉它      take a shower洗淋浴       go to class  上课

take the Number 17 bus to the Hotel 乘17路公共汽车去旅馆

go to school 上学          have breakfast/dinner/lunch  吃早、晚、午饭

go to bed  睡觉   put on  穿衣服(反义词take off)   listen to  听…

do one’s homework  做家庭作业      tell sb. about sth.  告诉某人某事

in the morning/afternoon/evening  在早上/下午/晚上

英语时间的表达:

(1)整点时间可表示为“钟点数+o’clock”或直接读钟点数,省去o’clock。如:

It’s ten o’clock a. m.  现在是上午十点整。

(2)非整点时间可采取读数法。

6:10 →six-ten                     8:50→eight-fifty     9:30→nine-thirty

10:15→ten-fifteen       7:45→seven forty-five          11:05→eleven-five

(3)分钟数不超过30分钟,可用介词“past”。如:11:05→five past eleven

8:15→a quarter past eight/fifteen past eight  9:30→half past nine或thirty past nine

(4)分钟数超过30分钟,用介词to,表示“差,不到”。如:

11:50→ten to twelve       9:45→a quarter to ten或fifteen to ten

12:59→one to thirteen

句型 1.What time do you usually get up?             你通常什么时候起床?

I usually get up at six o’clock.                      我通常六点起床。

What time does your sister usually get up?  你妹妹通常什么时候起床?

She usually gets up at 6:30.                         她通常6:30起床。

  1. when does scott go to work ?     He laways goes to work at 11:00.

When do your friends exercise?   They usually exercise on weekends.

3.What is the time? 几点了?           It’s twelve o’clock.   12点了。

  1. 4. School starts at nine o’clock. 九点钟学校开始上课。

Unit3 How do you get to school?

一、短语,词组

1.get to school 到校 2.take the subway/train/bus 乘地铁/坐火车/乘公共汽车

  1. worry about 担忧,焦虑,担心4.leave for 到……地方去,离开去某地

5.take…to…把……带到…… 6. most students 大多数学生

  1. depend on 依赖,决定于8.from…to…从……到……

9.think of 想到,想起 10.ride bikes 骑自行车

11.in other parts of the world 在世界的其他地方 12. how far 多远

  1. be different from和……不同

14.go to school by boat/on foot 乘船/步行去上学

15.drive a car 开车   16.come true  实现  17.cross the river 过河

二、句型

1.How do you get to school? 你怎么去学校?

I ride my bike./ I go to school by bike.我骑自行车去学校。

How does she go to work? 她怎么上班?

She takes the bus./she goes to work by bus.她乘公交去上班。

2.how far is it from your home to school?你家离学校有多远?

It’s about 3 kilometers.大约3公里。

  1. how long does it take  to get to school? 去学校大概花费多长时间?

It takes about 20 minutes. 大概20分钟。

  1. It takes sb some money/time to do sth.花费某人多少时间/钱做某事.

It takes me 20 nimutes to do my homework. 做作业大概花费我20分钟时间。

  1. Does jane walk to school?简步行去学校吗No,she doesn’t.不,她不是。

6.their dream can come ture.他们的梦想能够实现。

7.感谢用语:Thank you very much , Thanks a lot

回答感谢用语的句子:That’s ok /all right. 不用谢。You are welcome 不客气。

It is my pleasure./My pleasure./It is a pleasure.不客气、那是我的荣幸。

Don’t mention it.别在意。 It was nothing at all.那没什么。

Unit 4 Don't eat in class. 

短语:1. in class 在课上 in the classroom 在教室里

  1. arrive late for class = be late for class上课迟到3. (be) on time 准时
  2. fight with sb. 和某人打架5. must = have to 必须做  不得不做
  3. bring…to… 把…带到…来 Bring your books to school .
  4. eat outside 在外面吃饭wear a uniform 穿制服wear glasses 戴眼镜
  5. 8. practice the guitar 练习吉它 practice playing the guitar 练习弹吉他
  6. on school nights在上学的晚上 on school days在上学的日子
  7. too many + 可数名词复数  too much + 不可数名词  表示太多…
  8. make one’s bed 铺床 make breakfast 做早饭 make friends 交朋友
  9.                          13.too 肯定句中表示“也”。either 否定句中表示“也”

I can play chess. She can, too.

I can’t play chess. She can’t, either.

14.think about = think of 考虑、认为

How do you think about this sweater? 你觉得这件毛衣怎样?

  1. make rules 制定规则follow the rules 遵守规则break the rules 违反规则
  2. keep (+名词或代词)+形容词,表示保持某物怎么样 keep quiet 保持安静

keep your hair short保持头发短 keep your room clean 保持房间干净

  1. be strict (with sb.) 对某人严格 My mom is strict with me.

18.school rules 校规

句型:祈使句:动词原形开头。

Open the door!   Don’t run in the hallways.

What are the rules?规则是什么? We must wear the school uniforms.我们必须得穿校服。

What do you have to do?            We have to be quiet in the library.

have to & must

 

 

 

Unit 5 Why do you like pandas?

短语:

1.like sth. 喜欢某物 I like pandas.   like to do sth.= like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

I like to watch TV.= I like watching TV.

like 另有介词“像…一样”的意思,如:He jumps here and there, like a monkey.

  1. welcome to + 地名 表示欢迎来到某地 如Welcome to Beijing./Welcome to my home.
  2.  want sth. 想要某物 如:I want a new school bag.

want to do sth. 想做某事 如:She wants to be a singer.

I’d love to = I’d like to 表示我想去… I’d = I would

would like to do = want to do 如:I would like to go to a movie.

  1. kind of+形容词=a little +形容词 表示 有点   kind 另有种类的意思
  2. be from = come from 表示来自哪里

He is from China.= He comes from China.

Is he from China= Does he come from China?

Where is he from?=Where does he come from?

  1. walk on 表示用某种方式行走 walk on two legs  walk on hands 倒立行走
  2. one of my friends 我的朋友之一
  3. be in (great ) danger 处于(极大的)危险中. 如:Tigers are in great danger.

dangerous  adj.危险的 如:Tigers are dangerous.

  1. get lost 迷路  lost 是形容词,表示丢失了的
  2. (be) made of… 由什么制成 如:Paper is made of timber(木材).
  3. live in + 地名 表示住在某地  如:I am from England, but I live in China.

句子:

1.---Why do you like pandas? ---Because they’re kind of interesting.

---Why does John like koalas? -- Because they’re very cute

—Why don’t you like tigers?--Because they’re really scary.

  1.  --Where are lions from?

--They’re from South Africa.

Unit 6   I'm watching TV

词组,短语

  1. wait for sb /sth  等侯某人/某物
  2. do one's homework   (此处的do是"做"的意思)
  3. talk on the phone
  4. watch look  see  read  的大致区别:

watch  观看,看   watch TV 看电视   watch a football game 看一场足球比赛

see  看见(看的结果)       I can see the bird in the tree.

look  看(看的动作)       Please look at the blackboard.

read   阅读,读书,读报      She is reading a story.

  1. go to the movies   去看电影
  2.  That sounds good. 那听起来不错
  3. TV show  电视节目
  4. at six o'clock   在六点钟
  5. use the computer 使用电脑

10 make soup做汤      11.wash/do the dishes 洗盘子

重点句子

现在进行时态的构成:    主语+ be+ v-ing

表示此时此刻正在发生或正在进行的动作

  1. What are you doing?   I'm watching TV.

What's he doing?      He's reading.

What are they doing? They’re listening to a CD.

  1. Are you doing your homework? Yes,I am./no, I’m not.

Is she reading a newspaper?  Yes,she is.

Is Nancy doing homework?  No, she isn't.

3.They are not talking about the TV show.他们不是在谈论那个电视节目。

  1. What's he waiting for?

 

Unit 7 It’s raining!

Useful expressions:

  1. a photo of snowman 一张雪人的照片 2. the weather in Shanghai 上海的天气

3.take a message  留言,留口信       4. take photos / a photo 照相;拍照

5.have fun 玩的开心   6. write to sb写信给某人 7.on vacation 在度假;在假期

8.right now 现在,马上   9.call back 回电话   10.nothing much 没什么

Sentences:

  1. How’s the weather in Beijing/there? 北京/那儿天气任何?

It’s raining/snowing. 正下着雨/雪呢。

It’s cloudy/sunny/windy. 是多云的天气(阴天)/晴天/刮风的天气。

  1. How’sit/everythinggoing?近来怎么样?

How is your summer vocation going?暑假过的怎么样?

Great. /Not bad. /Pretty good. /Terrible!

很好。/还不坏。/相当好。/太糟(可怕)了!

  1. what are you doing? 你正在做什么?

I’m studying at home. 我正在家学习。

4.what is he/Tomdoing? 他/汤姆正在做什么?

He is playing basketball with his friends. 他正在和他的朋友打篮球。

  1. Are you studying hard?  你正在努力学习吗?
  2. I’m having a great time visitingmy aunt in Canada.

在加拿大拜访阿姨这段期间我过的很开心。

  1. What is the weatherlike? 天气怎么样?

 

 Unit 8  Is there a post office near here?

Useful expressions:

1.post office 邮局    2.pay phone 付费电话    3.across from 在….对面            4.next to 紧靠…    5.between…and….在…和…之间     6.in front of 在…前面

7.in the neighborhood 在附近       8.go straight/along 沿着….直走

9.turn right 向右拐      10.police station 警察局  11.take a walk 散步            12.the beginning of ….的开  13.have fun 玩到开心    14.the way to …去….的路

Sentences:

There be 句型: There be+sb/sth +地点

1.There is a bank on Cental Street. 在中心街有家银行。

  1. There is’not a post office near hear.这附近没有邮局。

3.Is there a restaurant around here? 这附近有家饭店吗?

Yes, there is./No, there isn’t. 是的,有。/不,没有。

4.Are there any restaurants near here? 这附近有些饭店吗?

Yes, there are./No, there aren’t. 是的,有。/不,没有。

5.Where is the hotel? 旅馆在哪里?

It’s behind the park. 在公园后面。

6.Where are the pay phones? 付费电话在哪里?

7.To get there, I usually walk along Long Street and turn left.

去那儿的话,我通常沿着长街走然后向左拐。

8.I live in a noisy neighborhood. 我住在一个吵闹的街区。

9.The park is quiet and I enjoy reading there.

公园很安静,我喜欢在那里阅读。

10.I like to spend time there on weekends.我喜欢周末在那里度过。

 

 

 

Unit 9 What does he look like?

Useful expressions:

  1. look like 看上去像;长相  2. be of medium height是属于中等身高
  2. be of medium build 是属于中等身材

4.have long straight blond hair 留着长而直的金色头发

  1. wear white shoes 穿着白鞋子6. be very popular 非常受欢迎/流行
  2. go shopping 购物8. a little bit quiet 有点儿文静9. tell jokes 讲笑话
  3. wear glasses 戴着眼镜11. have a new look 有个新形象
  4. first of all 首先  13. in the end (在)最后 14. go to the movit 去看电影
  5. stop talking停止说话16. never do sth决不/从不做某事
  6. the pop singer with funny glasses and long curly hair

戴着滑稽的眼镜还留着常常的卷发的流行歌手

Sentences:

  1. What does she/your friend look like? 她/你的朋友长什么样?

She is of medium build, and she has long hair.

她是属于中等身材,并留着长头发。

  1. What do they look like?他们长什么样?

他们都属于中等身高。

  1. Is he tall or short? 他个子高还是矮?  He is tall.  他是高的。
  2. Do they have long hair or short hair? 他们留着长头发还是短头发?

They have short hair.  他们留着短头发。

  1. 5. She always wears a red skirt and white shoes.

她经常穿一条红色裙子和白色的鞋。

  1. She is a little bit quiet.她有点安静。

Unit 10 I’d like some noodles

句子:

would like + sth. 想要某物     

would like + to do sth. 想要做某事

  1. What kind of noodles would you like? 你想要哪种面条?
    I’d like beef noodles, please. 我想要牛肉面。
    2. What size would you like? 你想要多大的?
    I’d like a medium bowl, please. 我想要一个中碗的。
    3. Would you like a large bowl? 你想要一个大碗的吗?

Yes, please./No,thanks。   好吧。/不了,谢谢。

4.--What would you like ? 你想要点什么?

--I’m not sure yet.      我还不确定。

yet: 还,仍然。主要用于否定句和疑问句中。

  1. Are there any vegetables in the beef noodles?在牛肉面里有一些蔬菜吗?

6.There is some meat in the tomato and egg soup.在西红柿鸡蛋汤里有一些肉。

表示“一些”可接可数名词复数或不可数名词

any:  用于否定句和疑问句中。some: 一些。用于肯定句中。

7.May I take your order? (请问)您可以点菜了吗?

  1. If he or she blows out all the candles in one go, the wish will come true.
    假如他或她一口气吹灭所有的蜡烛,愿望将实现。

短语
1. would like 想要    2. take one’s order 点菜  3. beef soup 牛肉汤

  1. one bowl of… 一碗……  5. what size 什么尺寸
  2. ma po tofu with rice 带有米饭的麻婆豆腐
    7. what kind 什么种类8. green tea 绿茶
    9.   one small / medium / large bowl of一小/ 中 / 大碗的
  3. in one go 一口气,一次性11. around the world 世界各地
  4. birthday cake 生日蛋糕13. the number of… 的数量
  5. make a wish 许个愿望15. blow out 吹灭               16. come true 实现                  17. cut up 切碎

Unit11  How was your school trip?

重点语法:一般过去时态    常见不规则动词的过去式:

go:went   ride:rode    feed:fed   take:took

do:did    is/was:was   are:were   see:saw

say:said   have:had    buy:bought    hear: heard  teach: taught

come:came      get:got    grow:grew     eat:ate

词组:

go for a walk 去散步  milk a cow 挤牛奶 ride a horse 骑马

feed chickens 喂鸡  talk with 和……交谈 take photos 拍照

show…around 带领……参观  in the countryside 在农村

go fishing 去钓鱼   climb the mountains 爬山 visit a museum 参观博物馆  fire station 消防站      draw pictures 画画    science museum 科学博物馆

by train 乘火车    in all 一共;总共     be interested in 对……感兴趣

not…at all 一点也不   quite a lot 相当多         learn about 了解               grow strawberries 种植草莓     pick strawberries 采草莓   at night 在夜晚                 come out 出来       along the way 沿线             a lot of 许多;大量

buy sth. for sb. = buy sb. sth.为某人买某物     go on a shool trip 去学校郊游      after that 之后       all in all 总的来说

句子:1.Did you see any cows?你看见奶牛了吗?

Yes,I did.I saw quite a lot.是的,我看见了许多。

2.Did Carol ride a horse?卡罗尔骑马了吗?

No,she didn’t. But she milked a cow.不,她没有,但她挤牛奶了。

  • How was your school trip?你的学校旅游怎么样? It’s was great.很棒。
  • What did Tina do?蒂娜干什么了?She picked some strawberries.她摘了些草莓。
  • I visited my grandparents in the countryside.我看望了我在农村的祖父母。

6.I went fishing every day.我(过去)每天钓鱼。

  • The farmer showed Tina around the farm.农场主带领特纳参观了农场。
  • It got very cloudy and we worried it would rain.

天阴得很厉害,我们担心将要下雨。

9.Then the guide taught us how to make a model robot.

然后,导游叫我们怎样制作机器人模型。

  • All in all,it was an exciting day.总之,这是令人激动的一天。
  1. Everything was about robots and I’m not interested in that.一切事情都是关于机器人的,我对那不感兴趣。
  • The rooms were really dark and it was difficult to take photos.房间真的很暗,拍照很困难。

 

Unit 12 What did you do last weekend?

词组:1.do some sports 做运动   2.the next morning 第二天早上.   3.go boating 去划船

4.by the lake 在湖边      5.go to the beach 去海滩         6.play badminton 打羽毛球

7.visit my grandma 看望我奶奶      8.study for a test 为考试做准备

9.the Natural History Museum 自然历史博物馆  10.kind of 有点儿   11.stay up熬夜

12.give back 归还       13.be afraid 害怕    14. work as 以……身份而工作

15.go to the library 去图书馆                 16. shout to… 呼喊……喊叫……

  1. shout at… 冲……大声叫嚷18.high school 高中,中学19.fly kites 放风筝

20.go camping 去野营   21.put up 搭建    22.make a fire 生火   23.tell stories 讲故事

24.each other 互相      25.go to sleep 入睡      26.get a surprise 吃惊

  1. run away 跑开28.up and down 来来回回;上上下下

29.wake…up 把……弄醒     30.move into … 移进……

句子

1.what did you do last weekend? 上周末你做什么了?

I played soccer.   我去踢足球了。

2.where did he go yesterday? 昨天他去哪里了?

He went to to cinema. 他去电影院了。

3.Who went to the library?  谁去图书馆了?  Mary did. 玛丽去了。

4.Who did she go with?她和谁一起去的?

She went with her classmates.她和她同学去的。

5.I worked as a guide at the Natural History Museum.

我在自然历史博物馆当导游了。

6.How interesting! 真的吗? 真有趣!

7.I stayed up late to watch the soccer game. 我熬夜看足球比赛了。

8.He lost his keys. But somebody found them and gave them back to him.

他丢失了钥匙。但是有人捡到了并归还给了他。

9.Baby Mouse was afraid and climbed onto his father’s back.

小老鼠很害怕爬到他父亲的背上。

10.That’s why it’s important to learn a second language.

这就是为什么学会第二种语言很重要。

11.Last weekend was interesting but scary. 上个周末是有趣的但是也是恐怖的。

12.There we put up our tents and made a fire to keep us warm and cook food on.

在那儿我们搭起帐篷并且生火来取暖和做饭。

13.On the first night, we just sat under the big moon and told each other stories.

在第一天晚上,我们就坐在大大的月亮下互相讲故事。

14.But I was so tired that I went to sleep early. 但是我太累了以致于我早就入睡了。

15.I was so scared that I couldn’t move.我太害怕了以致于我不能移动。

16.My dad started to jump up and down in their tent.

我爸爸开始在他们的帐篷里来来回回地蹦跳。

继续阅读
weinxin
初中生提分
用微信扫描加好友,获取更多初中学习资料