人教七年级上册期末短语与句型复习

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2020年4月7日19:47:29 7264字阅读24分12秒

人教七年级上册期末复习短语与句型

Unit 1

  1. 重点词短语
  2. 1. first name = given name                 last name = family name
  3. phone number = telephone number        4. ID card
  4. school ID card
  5. 重点句型.
  6. ----What’s your name? ----My name’s +名字./ I’m +名字 ./ 直接回答名字.

2.----What’s her name?                   -----Her name’s…

3.------What’s his name?                  -----His name’s…

  1. --What’s your telephone number? ----It’s + 电话号码.\ My telephone number is + 号码

5.---What’s her\ his telephone number?       ----Her \His telephone number is+号码

6.---Nice to meet you!                    -----Nice to meet you, too.

3.知识点

  1. 中英姓名的用法与区别:中国人,姓在前名在后。英美国家则相反,名在前姓在后。所以名是

first name=given name,姓   family name= last name.  (Jim Green)  (Li Xiaohong)

  1. be 动词用法口决:我(I)用am,你(you)用are,is连着他她它 (he\she\it),单数用(is),

复数用(are). 指示代词作主语,this,that用is,these,those要用are

  1. 人称代词及用法.
     单      数 复     数
第一人称 第二人称 第三人称 第一人称 第二人称 第三人称
主格                
宾格                
中  文                

c.用法:动前主格动后宾,名前形容介后宾。(动词前用主格,动词后用宾格;名词前用形容词性

物主代词,介词后用宾格。)

d.不定冠词a与an的用法: 都表示“一个,一张,一件”等义,一般用于单数名词前。a用于

音音素开头的单词前,an用于元音音素开头的单词前。

    English book  \      UFO  \      eraser  \      orange

    apple  \      egg  \      ID card  \     green apple

 

Unit2

1.重点词组及同义词、同义短语.

  1. parent =father or mother      2. parents= father and mother
  2. grandparent= grandfather or grandmother   4.grandparents= grandfather and grandfather

5.cousin= my uncle’s \ aunt’s son \ daughter         6. uncle = my father’s \ mother’s brother

  1. aunt = my father’s \ mother’s sister  8. picture = photo
  2. pen friend     10. family photo
  3. thanks for…         12. a photo of my family
  4. 重点句型.
  5. Is this your \ his \ her sister?
  6. Is that your \ his \ her brother?

3.Are these \ those your \ his \ her sisters ?

Yes, they are.  \  No, they aren’t.

  1. Is she your sister?     ---Yes, she is.    ---No, she isn’t.
  2. Is he your father?  ---Yes, he is.     ---No, he isn’t.
  3. This is my cousin.

That is my brother.

7.These are my cousins.

3.知识点

  1. 介绍人的句型:This is + 某人.  \ These are + 某人.(指着距离较近的人进行介绍)

That is + 某人. \ These are + 某人. (指着距离较远的人进行介绍)

  1. 对“this” /“that”直接做主语的疑问句回答时,答句的主语用“ it”.
  2. 对“these”/“those”作主语的疑问句回答时,答句的主语用“they”.
  3. Thanks for… = Thank you for…为……而感谢.
  4. 名词所有格:是指在某一名词后右上角打“’s  ”, 表示 “……的” 这一结构形式。

有生命的名词;一般在词后加 ’s . 如果是以“s ”或“es”结尾的只需加上 ’ .

Jim’s book     \     teachers’ pens

6、物主代词

     单      数 复     数
第一人称 第二人称 第三人称 第一人称 第二人称 第三人称
形容词性

物主代词

               
名词性

物主代词

               
中  文                

 

Unit3

1.重点短语

1.in English                 2. excuse me               3. computer game

4 lost and found              5. call…at…               6. a set of keys

  1. 重点句型.

1.----Is this \that your pen?

-----Yes, it is.   -----No, it isn’t..

2.---Is this \that his book?

-----Yes, it is.   -----No, it isn’t.

  • ---Are these\those your\his\her pencils?

---Yes, they are.   ----No, they aren’t.

3.知识点

  1. 一般疑问句:是以be动词( is, are等),情态动词(can等)或助动词(do, does等)开头,表示疑问的句子。

一般疑问句的回答: 肯定回答:Yes+主语代词+用来提问的词.

肯定回答:No+主语代词+用来提问的词+not.

  1. 含有be动词的句子变一般疑问句把be动词提到句首,变否定,be后加not..
  2. 特殊疑问句:是以特殊疑问代词what(什么),who(谁)等或疑问副词how(怎样),where(在那里)

等开头,表示疑问的句子。回答不能用Yes或No,要根据问的内容来答

4.如何写失物招领:            5.如何写寻物启事:

Found: watch                 Lost:

Is this your watch?             My ID card.

Please call Mary.               My name is Tom.

Phone # 123698.               Please call 685---3564.

  1. call +某人+at+电话号码(拨打……号码找某人)如:Call Tom at 1234567

 

Unit4

1.重点词组.

1.come on                2 .in the room            3. in the bookcase

  1. on the chair     5.under the table          6. I don’t know
  2. 重点句型.

1.Where’s the +东西?                   -----It’s + on \ in\ under\ behind + 短语

2.Where are your \ his \ her + 东西?       ----- They’re on \ in \ under \ behind + 短语

3.知识点  

1.介词:是用以放在名词代词之前,表明该名词或与其词之间某种关系的一类词。(不能单独使用,

需与某一名词或代词等搭配成介宾短语)( on  \  in  \  under ) eg: on the bed

2.定冠词 the 的用法:

  1. 常用在特指的单复数名词前,指某人,某物,某些人或某些物.

eg: The students are boys.

  1. 用于双方都知道的人或物.

eg: The girl is my friend.

  1. 上文提到的人或物,下文再次提到.

eg: I have a pen. The pen is red.

  1. play后跟球类名词时,不用the。  但乐器前一定要用the.

eg: play basketball  \  play the drums

3.. Here is my room.  ( here is = this is )

4.. have \ has : 表示“拥有” “占有”.

eg: I have a computer.

 

Unit5

  1. 重点词组及同义词、同义短语
  2. play basketball   2. play volleyball    3. play soccer     4. watch TV
  3. after class     6. every day        7. fun= interesting   8. on TV     9. boring = not interesting
  4. 重点句型.
  5. Do you have …?     -----Yes, I do. \ No, I don’t.
  6. Do they have …?      ----Yes, they do. \ No, they don’t..
  7. Does he have …?      ----Yes, he does.\No, he doesn’t.
  8. Does she have …?     ----Yes, she does.\ No, she doesn’t.

5.Let’s play tennis.       ----- I don’t have a tennis.  \  That’s sounds good. \ interesting.

3.知识点 

  1. do与does的用法:
  2. 作助动词没有含义。does是do的第三人称单数形式。在句中起到表疑问构成否定形式的作用。
  3. 当句子主语是he, she , it 或单数名词时用does\ doesn’t; 当句子主语是I, you , they或复数主语时

用do \ don’t.

  1. have \ has 的用法:has 是have 的第三人称单数. 三单主语用 has其他人称用 have句变疑问

句首要把do来借,变否定have前面把don’t添;has句变疑问句首要把does来借,变否定has前面

把doesn’t添, has还原为 have.

  1. Let’s + 动词原形. ( Let’s do sth )
  2. play + 球类名词时,球类名词前不用定冠词the.
  3. sound后跟形容词. ( boring \ interesting \ fun \ good \ difficult)

 

Unit6

1.重点词组及同义词、同义短语

1.next week           2.ice cream            3.have \ eat breakfast     4. sports star

  1. how about         6.have dinner           7. eating habits          8. lots of = a lot of
  2. have = eat     10. dinner=supper      11.have lunch           12.think about

2.重点句型.

  1. Do you like …?   ---Yes, I do. \ No, I don’t.
  2. Do they like….?   ---Yes, they do. \ No, they don’t.
  3. Does she \ he like…?---Yes, she \he does. \ No, she \ he doesn’t.
  4. I \ We \ They like …
  5. I \ We \They don’t like…
  6. She \ He likes …
  7. She \ He doesn’t like…

3.知识点  

1.一般现在时:一般现在时是表示现阶段经常习惯做的动作或存在的状态

用法:a. be动词+ 表语

  1. 实义动词谓语:当句子主语是第三人称单数时,实义动词用第三人称单数形式。变疑问借助does,变否定借助doesn’t. (后面动词一定要还原)。 当句子主语不是第三人称单数时,实义动词用原形。变疑问

借助do,变否定借助don’t.

  1. 动词第三人称单数的构成
  2. 一般在词后加s .
  3. 一般以辅音字母+ y结尾的把y改为 i,再加 es.
  4. 一般以 s, x, ch, sh ,结尾的单词,后加 es.
  5. 不规则形式 :
  • 可数名词与不可数名词的用法:
  1. 可数名词:是指有一定的整体性,可以用数目计算的一类名词为可数名词。分为单数形式和复数形式。
  2. 不可数名词:是表示无法用数目计算,无一定完整结构的一类名词。
  • 名词单数变复数
  1. 一般直接在名词后加 s .(girl--girls)
  2. 以 s, x, ch, sh 结尾的在词后加 es. (watch--watches, box --boxes)
  3. 以辅音字母+y结尾的把 y改为 i,再加 es. ( strawberry--strawberries)
  4. 以o结尾的,有生命的加es, 如heroes,tomatoes; 无生命的加如s, 如radios.
  • like的用法: like + 某物 (喜欢某物)
  1. like doingsth.(like 后动词要加ing)

6.一日三餐用介词for .  (have... for breakfast \ lunch \ dinner)

Unit7

重点句子  

问价格

  1. How muchis this T-shirt? It’s 10 dollars.
  2. How much are they? They are 100 dollars.
  3. How much is the T-shirt? = What’s the price of the T-shirt?

问颜色

  1. What color do you want ?  What color is it?

购物用语:    1. Can I help you? = What can I do for you?

  1. Yes, please.                          3. I’ll take it .
  2. Thank you.               5. You’re welcome.

短语或句型:

at very good prices

We have sweaters for only $25.

We have skirts in red for only 22 dollars.

核心知识

两位数的基数词读法与写法

 

Unit8

重点句子

  1. When is your birthday?
  2. My birthday is on January 5th  /  It’s on January 5th

短语

English test             basketball game             school trip            how old

核心知识

1.基数词和序数词 

基变序口决
基变序,有规律,词尾加上th;

1、2、3特殊记,结尾字母t,d,d

八去t,九去ey结尾,改ie;

ve结尾变ffive,twelve两兄弟;

是遇到几十几,只变个位就可以。

2.名词所有格(’s)
①有生命的东西的名词所有格,一般用在词尾加“'s”这种形式来表示。

②以­s或­es结尾的名词末尾只加“'”。

③不以­s或­es结尾的复数名词末尾仍要加“'s”。

④凡不能加“’s”的名词,都可以用“名词+of +名词”的结构来表示所有关系。

⑤如果两个名词并列,并且分别有’s,则表示“分别有”;只有一个’s,则表示“共有”。

3.年、月、日表达法

①年的读法:用基数词,两位一读

②月份名称的首字母要大写

③日期:用序数词表示,前面可加the ,也可省略,但读要读出the

④年、月、日在英语中的顺序是月、日、年  on January 1st ,2012

  • 时间介词in(年) in 2012 ,

in (月)    in January

on(具体月日)    on January 1st

at (几点钟)     at 8:00

写作

自我介绍(姓名、年龄、生日、爱好、等)

Unit 9

目标展示

 

 

 

 

单词  who,  subject,  science,  because,  teacher,
句子 1.—What’s your favorite subject?

---My favorite subject is science.

2.---Why do you like math?

---Because it’s interesting.

3.---Who is your music teacher?

语法 特殊疑问句。

语法

                                       特殊疑问句

观察下面的例子,比较已经学习过的When引导的特殊疑问句的用法,然后补全结论。

例句

  1. ---What is your name ?               ---My name is Jenny.
  2. ---How old is Mary ?                 ---She is twelve years old.
  3. ---How do you spell “watch” ?         ---W-A-T-C-H.
  4. ---How are you?                    ---I’m fine, thanks.
  5. ---Where is my backpack?            ---It’s under the table.
  6. ---How much is this T-shirt?           ---It’s seven dollars.
  7. ---When is your birthday ?            ---My birthday is June fourth.
  8. ---What time do you get up?           ---I get up at six o’clock.
  9. ---Why does she like action movies ?    ---Because they’re exciting.

 

结论

通过以上的例子我们得知,特殊疑问句是指以特殊疑问词开始的疑问句。特殊疑问句一般不用Yes

或No来回答,而要根据具体情况来作答。根据以上例子,完成下的表格。通过表格内容,来总结

各种疑问词的用法和意义。

疑问词 询问对象 含义
what    
how old    
where    
how much    
when / what time    
why    
who    
how    

 

 

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