人教版八年级英语下册3-4单元知识点总结

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2020年4月14日16:59:56 3081字阅读10分16秒

Unit 3  Could you please clean your room?

  1. Could you please do sth?请你做某事好吗
  2. Could you please not do sth?请你不要做某事好吗?
  3. do/wash the dishes 洗餐具
  4. take out the rubbish 倒垃圾
  5. fold one’s clothes 叠衣服
  6. Sweep the floor 扫地、擦地板
  7. make one’s/the bed整理床铺
  8. clean the living room 打扫客厅
  9. No problem. 没问题
  10. at least 至少
  11. clean and tidy 干净整洁
  12. be angry with sb=be mad at sb 生某人的气
  13. solve the problem 解决问题
  14. throw down 扔下
  15. sit down 坐下
  16. in front of 在‥‥前面(指某个范围外的前面);  in the front of 指在某个范围内的前面
  17. take‥‥for a walk 带‥‥去散步;take the dog for a walk 遛狗
  18. all the time 一直、总是
  19. around the house 在家里
  20. all day 整天
  21. as+adj/adv.原形,意思是和‥‥一样‥‥
  22. walk away 道教、走开
  23. so+助/情/系+主语,表示两个人或物,后者情况和前者一样,用于肯定句。而neither/nor+助/情/系+主语, 表示两个人或物,后者情况和前者一样,用于否定句。
  24. the next day 第二天
  25. come home from work 下班回家
  26. in surprise 吃惊地,用作状语;be surprised to do sth , be surprised at sth, to one’s surprise
  27. share sth with sb 和某人分享‥‥
  28. as soon as 以‥‥就‥‥
  29. hang out 闲逛,游荡
  30. pass sb sth=pass sth to sb 把某物递给某人
  31. borrow(主语)借(进),一般用borrow sth from
  32. lend(主语)借(出),一般用lend sb sth=lend sth to sb
  33. get sth wet 把某物弄湿
  34. do chores 干杂活
  35. go to the movies 去看电影
  36. help sb with sth =help sb (to)do sth 帮助某人做某事
  37. invite sb to a party  邀请某人参加聚会; invite sb to a place 邀请某人到某地
  38. make sb do sth 使/让某人做某事,类似还有have/let sb do sth
  39. these days 进来
  40. have time to do sth 有时间做某事
  41. a waste of 对什么的浪费
  42. spend‥‥on sth; spend ‥‥(in) doing sth花费时间或金钱做某事
  43. in order to do sth 为了做某事
  44. get good grades 取得好成绩
  45. there is no need for sb to sth 对某人来说没有必要做某事
  46. provide sb with sth=provide sth for sb给某人提供某物
  47. mind doing sth介意做某事; mind not doing sth 介意不做某事;mind one’s doing sth 介意某人做某事
  48. depend on 依赖,依靠
  49. get into college 升入大学
  50. have no idea=don’t know
  51. take care of oneself 照顾自己
  52. as a result 结果
  53. fall ill 生病
  54. the earlier‥‥,the better‥‥越早‥‥越好
  55. be unfair for sb对某人来说是不公平的

Unit 4  Why dont you talk to your parents?

1.向对方提出建议:a. Why don’t you do sth? b. Why not do sth? c.What about doing sth?=How about doing sth?

2.too much意为“太多”,后接不可数名词;too many也是“太多”,后接可数名词复数。Eg.

We have too much homework to do today.

There are too many people in the supermarket on weekends.

  1. enough
  2.  做代词。I’m full. I have had enough.
  3. 做形容词。一般放在被修饰的名词之前。I don’t get enough sleep.

也可放在名词之后。They have enough time/time enough to finish the work.

c.做副词。放在所修饰的形容词或副词之后。

He walks slowly enough.

He walks slowly enough.

4.have free time to do sth 有空余时间做某事

  1. allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事

6.hang out 闲逛,游荡

7.get into a fight with sb 与某人打架或吵架。 或

have a fight with sb ; fight with sb

8.until 直到,一般前面是延续性动词,而not‥‥until‥‥中,until 前一般为非延续性动词。

Eg. They waited until the rain stopped.

They didn’t leave until the rain stopped.

9.look through 浏览

10.give sth back to sb 把某物还给某人

  1. be angry with sb =be mad at sb 生某人的气

12.be friends with sb和某人成为朋友;

make friends with sb 和某人交朋友

13.It’s not a big deal. 没什么大不了的

14.No problem. 没问题

15.work out 解决(问题),改善(状况)

16.give sb some advice on sth/doing sth 给某人提出关于某方面的建议

17.get on with sb 和某人相处;get on/along well with sb 和某人相处的好

18.fight a lot 经常吵架

19.argue with sb 与某人争吵

20.refuse to do sth 拒绝做某事;refuse sb 拒绝某人

21.let sb do sth 让某人做某事; let sb not do sth 让某人不要做某事

  1. late at night 深夜
  2. feel lonely 感觉孤独

24.talk about sth with sb 和某人谈论某事

25.offer to do sth 主动提出做某事

offer sb sth =offer sth to sb 提供某物给某人

26.so that 以便,为了,引导目的状语从句。

27.sit down 坐下

  1. communicate with sb 和某人交流

29.mind doing sth 介意做某事;mind one’s doing sth介意某人做某事

30.all the time 一直,总是

31.agree with sb 同意某人的看法、说法

disagree with sb 不同意某人的看法、说法

32.study for a test 准备考试,复习备考

33.copy one’s homework 抄袭作业

34.compare‥‥with‥‥  把‥‥与‥‥相比

35.whether‥‥or 是否

36.spend‥‥on‥‥在某方面花费时间或金钱,也可用spend‥‥(in )doing sth

37.without doing sth 不经做某事

38.give sb a lot of pressure给某人很大的压力

39.spend time alone 独自度过时光

40.these day近来

41.get into a good high school 进入一所好高中

42.cut out 删除,删去

43.all kinds of 各种各样的

44.push sb hard 逼迫某人

45.think for oneself 为自己考虑

  1. from a young age 从很小的年龄
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