人教新目标英语七年级下册第三单元知识点

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2020年5月11日14:12:12 2708字阅读9分1秒

Unit 3 How do you get to school?

Section A知识清单

I key words.

 

1.train  n. 火车,v. 训练,

2.bus  n. 公共汽车

3.subway n. 地铁

  1. ride v. 骑 n. 旅程
  2. hundred 百 thousand 千

6.minute  n. 分钟 second  n. 秒 hour n.小时

  1. far adv.远 near adv. 近

8.kilometer  n.公里,千米

  1. newadj. 新的
  2. by prep. 乘(交通工具)

11.drive  v.开车 driver  n.司机

12.car  n.小汽车

  1. live v. 居住,生活

14.ninety  num. 九十

 

II Phrases

 

  1. get to school 到达学校 get home 家
  2. take the subway/train/bus  乘地铁/火车/公交车
  3. ride a bike/horse 骑自行车/骑马
  4. how far 多远/how long 多久/how often多久一次
  5. from home to school 从家到学校
  6. every day 每天
  7. be sure  确定 be sure of sth对......确定
  8. go to school by bus/train/taxi/bike 乘公交车/火车/出租车/骑自行车上学
  9. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间。
  10. get to 到达,

arrive at/in 到达小地方/大地方,reach 到达

  1. have a good day 祝你玩得愉快!

III Sentences

  1. 你怎样到学校? 我骑车。- Howdo you get to school?

–I ride my bike./I get to school by bike

  1. Mary怎样到学校?她通常乘公交车。- How does Mary get to school?

– She usually takes the bus. =She usually gets to school by bus.

  1. 到学校要花多少时间?大概要花15分钟。 -How longdoes it take to get to school?

– It takes about 15 minutes.= It takes me about 15minutes to get to school.

  1. 从你家到学校有多远?大约十公里远。-How far is it from your hometo school?

—It’s only about 10 kilometers.

  1. Jane 走路去学校吗?不,她骑车去。-

Does Jane walk to school? =Does Jane go to school on foot?

–No, she doesn’t. She goes by bike. =She goes to school by bike.

  1. 这是很好的锻炼。 It’s good exercise.
  2. 他们需要大约一个小时到达学校。They needabout an hour to get to

 

IV   Grammar

1.交通方式的表达。

1)by +交通工具  e.g. by bus/train/subway 乘坐汽车/火车/地铁

2)take +a/the + 交通工具  e.g. take the bus/train/subway 乘坐汽车/火车/地铁

3) ride+ 冠词/物主代词+ 交通工具  e.g. ride the bike/horse 骑自行车/马

4) drive +冠词/物主代词+ 交通工具  e.g. drive his car 开他的车

注意: walk = go on foot     e.g. I walk to school. = I go to school on foot.

2.关于距离,时间,频率的询问

1) How long does it take to get to school?

2) How far is it from your home to school?

3) How often do you go to visit your grandparents?

 

Section B知识清单

I Key words

 

  1. stop  n. 车站,停止 v 停止
  2. cross v. 横过,越过, 十字架 ,

across prep . 穿过,在……对面  crossing n. 十字路口

  1. river n. 河,江
  2. many 许多,修饰可数名词,

much 修饰不可数名词

  1. village n.村庄,村镇  villager n. 村民
  2. bridge n. 桥
  3. boat n.小船
  4. year n.年,岁
  5. afraid  adj.害怕,畏惧
  6. like  prep. 像,怎么样  v. 喜欢
  7. leave v.离开
  8. dream  n. 梦想;睡梦  v. 做梦
  9. true adj. 真的,符合事实的 truth n. 事实,真理,原理
  10. every 每一,每个 each 每一个

 

II Phrases

 

  1. the bus stop 公共汽车站(小型)

the bus station (大型公交站)

  1. think of 认为    think about 思考,考虑
  2. between … and … 在…和…之间
  3. one 11-year-old  boy 一个11岁的男孩

(11-year-old 复合形容词,必须放于名词之前)

  1. play with … 和…玩
  2. come true 实现
  3. one small village 一个小村庄
  4. run too quickly …流得很快
  5. go on a ropeway 乘索道
  6. be afraid of doing sth/ be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事
  7. be like sb to sb 对某人来说像。。。一样
  8. cross the river to school 横渡过河去上学
  9. make one’s dream come true/

achieve one’s dream/realize one’s dream 实现某人的梦想

 

III Sentences

  1. Mary 想知道Bob住的离他祖父家有多远。

Mary wants to know how far Bob lives from his grandparents’ home.

  1. 王老师想知道Andy认为这次旅途怎么样。

Miss Wang wants to know what Andy thinks of the trip.

  1. 对大多数学生而言,上学是件很容易的事。For many students,it is easy to get toschool.
  2. 在他们的学校和村庄之间有一条大河。

There’s a big river between their school and the village.

  1. 他就像一位父亲一向对待我。 He is likea father to me.
  2. 这些学生和村民中的许多人从来没有离开过村庄。

Many of the students and villagers never leave the village.

  1. 他们的梦想是有一座桥。It is their dreamto have a bridge.
  2. 他们的梦想会实现吗? Can their dream come true?
  3. 因为水流湍急,他们不能摆渡过河。They can’t go by boat because the river runs too quickly

 

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