人教新目标英语七年级下册第三单元重点讲解

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2020年5月11日14:12:54 2056字阅读6分51秒

Unit 3  How do you get to school?

Section  B

 

  1. like

(v.)  “喜欢”    like to do/doing sth

(prep.) “像”, 后接名词或代词做宾语,常用短语:

be like  “像”, 多指性格,品质方面像

look like“看起来像”, 外貌上像

Eg: She likes to swim/swimming.她喜欢游泳。

She is very like her mother.她非常像她的妈妈。

It looks like a picture. 它看上去像一幅画。

 

补充:

be like:

陈述句:I am like him.

一般疑问句:Are you like him ?

特殊疑问句:What are you like ?

look like:

陈述句:I look like my sister.

一般疑问句:Do you look like your sister ?

特殊疑问句:What do you look like ?

 

  1. leave  (v.) “离开”

leave + sp.    “离开某地”

leave for +sp.  “动身去某地”

leave +A+ for+ B  “离开A地去B地”

Eg: When do you leave Shanghai?   你什么时候离开上海?

Next week Alice is leaving for London. 下周爱丽丝要去伦敦了。

Why are you leaving Beijing for Shanghai? 你为什么要离开北京去上海?

 

  1. dream

(Cn.) “梦想;睡梦”  复数: dreams       (v.)  “做梦,梦见”

短语:dream of/about  sb. / sth.  梦见某人/ 物

dream of/about doing sth. 梦见做某事

Eg: Have a good dream!  做个好梦!

We sometimes have bad dreams.  有时,我们会做噩梦。

My dream is to be a good teacher .我的梦想是做一位好老师。

She often dreams at night. 她晚上经常做梦。

 

  1. come true  “实现”

主语通常是梦想(dream)、愿望(wish/ hope)、计划(plan)等。

Eg: Your dreams don’t always come true.你的梦想不总是能实现。

 

  1. true(adj.)“真实的;符合事实的”

反义:false  “假的”

Eg: This is a true story. 这是一个真实的故事。

[拓展] truth <n.>  “真相,实情”

Eg: Can you tell me the truth?你能告诉我实情吗?

 

  1. It’s their dream to have a bridge. 他们的梦想是有一座桥。

句型:It’s + n. (sb’s dream/ job) + to do sth.  “做某事是某人的梦想/ 工作。”

(it 为形式主语, to do sth. 为真正的主语)

= To do sth. is + sb’s dream/ job.

= Sb’s dream/ job is to do sth.

Eg:① It’s my dream to be a musician.   我的梦想是成为一位音乐家。

= To be a musician is my dream.

= My dream is to be a musician.

② It’s his job to drive a bus.    他的工作是开公交车。

=To drive a bus is his job.

=His job is to drive a bus.

  1. Thanks for..=“Thank you for...”for .“因...而感谢”

Eg: Thanks for your help.谢谢你的帮助。

Thanks for coming, Eric.埃里克,谢谢你的到来。

 

  1. afraid (adj.) “害怕,畏惧”

①be afraid to do sth     “害怕做某事”

②be afraid of (doing) sth.  “害怕(做)某事/某物”

③ be afraid that +从句  “恐怕...”

Eg: Most of the girls are afraid of snakes.  大多数女孩怕蛇。

She is afraid to cross the river on a ropeway.  她害怕乘索道过河。

Don’t be afraid of making mistakes.   不要害怕犯错误。

I’m afraid (that) he can’t come.  恐怕他不能来。

 

9.作文范文

Riding a Bike to School

My name is Wang Wei.I am a middle school student.You want to know how I get to school, right? Now let me tell you about it.

I live in a small village,but my home is not far from school.It’s only about two kilometers.I ride my bike to school every day.It takes me about twenty minutes.

I like going to school by bike because it’s good exercise.

 

 

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