人教版英语七年级下册6-7单元知识点总结

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2020年5月18日12:26:21 4057字阅读13分31秒

Unit 6  Im watching TV

一、词组、短语及用法

  1. 现在进行时态的构成:主语+ be+ v-ing表示此时此刻正在发生或正在进行的动作
  2. do one’s homework   (此处的do是“做”的意思)
  3. talk on the phone 打电话,在电话中交谈
  4. watch   look  see  read  的大致区别:

watch  观看,看   watch TV 看电视   watch a football game 看一场足球比赛

see  看见(看的结果)      I can see the bird in the tree.

look  看(看的动作) Please look at the blackboard.

read   阅读,读书,读报    She is reading a story.

  1. wait for sb /sth  等侯某人/某物 I am waiting for you.
  2. all 、 also 、often 、never  等副词应该放在be动词,情态动词及助动词之后,行为动词之前。He never stop talking. I often get up at six.

例如:We are all students.      The boys can also swim.

They all like English.           Lions also come from South Africa.

7.thanks for sth 谢谢某物

Thanks for your letter.  thanks for doing sth 谢谢做了某事  Thanks for joining us.

  1. some of + 宾格代词(us / you /them )    some of us 我门当中的一些人

Some of +名词复数    some of  the students 一些学生

  1. in the first /second /next / last photo 在第一/第二/下一个/最后一张照片里
  2. be with sb  与某人一起   He is with his parents.  他和他的父母在一起。

with 是一个介词,with短语不能做主语:    请区别以下两个句子:

Tom with his friends is playing soccer.        Tom and his friends are playing soccer.

二、句型 (1)-What+be+主语+doing? 正在做什么?   -主语+be+doing…  正在做某事。

例: -what are you doing?  -I’m doing my homework.

(2)-Thanks for … 为。。。而感谢 例:Thanks for your letter. (3)-Here are/is… 例:Here are some of my photos.

Here is a photo of my family. (4)-That sounds good. (5)-This TV show is boring.

三、语法

Ⅰ现在进行时的用法

表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作

Ⅱ现在进行时时间状语及标志性词

① now 现在② at this time 在这时③ at the moment 现在④ look 看(后面有 “!”)⑤ listen 听(后面有 “!”)

Ⅲ 现在分词的构成

① 一般在动词结尾处加ing    Eg: go—going  look--looking

② 以不发音字母e结尾的动词,去e加ing。Eg: write—writing  close--closing

③ 以重读闭音节结尾的动词,如果末尾只有一个辅音字母,应先双写这个字母,再加ing.

Eg: get—getting   run—running  ( swim, run, put,get,sit,begin)

Ⅳ 现在进行时的构成

肯定句: 主语+ am/is/are+ doing +其他+时状.  Eg: He is doing his homework now.

否定句:主语+am/is/are +not+ doing+其他+时状. Eg: He is not doing his homework now.

一般疑问句: Am/Is/Are +主语+ doing+其他+时状?Eg: Is he doing his homework now?

特殊疑问词+is/am/are+主语+现在分词+其他? 例:What is your brother doing?

肯定回答:Yes,主语 +am/is/are   Eg:Yes, he is.

否定回答:No, 主语+am not/isn’t/aren’t           Eg: No, he isn’t.

 

Unit 7  Its raining

知识点讲解

1、rain

① I like walking in the rain.

②It is going to rain.

rain可用作名词,意为“雨水”,通常用作不可数名词;也可用作动词,意为“下雨”,通常用it作主语。

rainy是rain的形容词形式,意为“阴雨的;多雨的”。如:

What do you usually do in the rainy weather?

2、How's the weather?

① 一How's the weather today?一 It's cloudy

② 一How is the weather in Beijing?一lt's raining.

询问天气的句型及其答语.

--How’s the weather ? 天气怎么样?

-- It’s cloudy./It’s sunny./It’s raining.多云./晴天./在下雨.

(1)询问天气的句型:常见的询问天气的句型有:How’s the weather? What's the weather like?

What’s the weather like ?两个句型后面都可以加“in+ 地点”,用以询问“某地天气如何”(2)回答天气状况

回答询问天气的问句时,通常用:“It’s +表示天气的形容词”。

常见的该类形容词有:fine(晴朗的)   dry(干燥的)    warm(温暖的)  cold( 寒冷的)   cool(凉爽的)   hot(炎热的)    rainy(下雨的)   snowy(下雪的)    sunny(晴朗的)   cloudy(多云的)等。

同时也可以用现在进行时进行回答:It’s raining/snowing. 正在下雨/ 下雪。

例句: --How’s the weather in your city?   —It’s warm.

--What’s the weather like in Shanghai?   —It’s raining now.

3、again

Is Lisa talking on the phone again?

again用作副词意为“再一次;又一次”,常用来修饰动词,表示动作再一次发生,一般用于句尾。

again的常用短语有:again and again 一再地          once again 再一次

She tells her son again and again not to do that.

4、visit

①I'm also visiting some of my old friends.

②She wants to visit Tian'anmen Square this weekend.

visit用作及物动词时,意为“拜访;参观

visit也可用作名词,意为“参观;看望”,其后常接介词to, 其常用短语为:have / pay a visit to ...,意为“参观某地/拜访某人”。

It's my first visit to the history museum.

This afternoon, we pay a visit to Mr.White.

5、hard

Are you studying hard, or are you having fun?

hard可用作副词,意为“努力地”,常用来修饰动词

hard还可以用作形容词,意为“困难的”,常用在名词前作定语或be动词后作表语

This is a hard question.     It's hard to find a good job.

6 常见的打电话用语

It’s Steve.“我是史蒂夫。”是打电话的常用语。

在打电话时一般用it或this表示“我”,that表示“你”,而不用I和you来表示。

---Hi, is that Laura?  ---No, it’s / this is her mother.

打招呼:Hello!/Hi!

找某人接电话:May/ Could/ Can I speak to...?   我可以和......通电话吗?

I’d like to speak to ...我想和......通电话。

询问对方是谁及其答语:---Who’s that (speaking)?  你是谁?/谁在讲话?

---This is ...(speaking).     我是......

---Is that ...(speaking)?     你是......吗?/是......在讲话吗?

---Yes, this is ... (speaking)  是的,我是....../是的,......在讲话。

请求某人稍等:Hold on for a moment.等一会儿。

为某人稍口信:Could I take a message?  我可以捎个口信吗?

  1. ---How’s it going? 最近怎么样?

---Not bad, thanks. 还不错,谢谢。

用法: How’s it going ?=How is everything?

常用答语有:Great! 好极了!   Not bad!还不错!  Terrible! 糟糕透了!

Pretty good! 相当好! Just so-so! 一般般

8、反意疑问句。

反意疑问句即附加疑问句,用来询问对方的看法或对某事没有把握需要对方证实。反意疑问句由两部分组成:“陈述句+简短的疑问句”,两部分的人称及时态应保持一致。反意疑问句遵循以下原则:

  1. a) 陈述部分肯定+疑问部分否定
  2. b) 陈述部分否定+疑问部分肯定。

It’s rainy today, isn’t it? 今天下雨,不是吗?

Tom didn’t like vegetables, did he? 汤姆不喜欢蔬菜,是吗?

---They work hard, don’t they? 他们工作努力,不是吗?

---Yes, they do / No, they don’t. 是的,他们工作努力。/ 不,他们工作不努力。

 

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