人教版七年级下册第九单元考点归纳

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2020年5月25日17:34:51 2925字阅读9分45秒

期末复习参考--人教版七年级下册unit 9重点内容归纳

【重点短语】

a little late 有点晚

 

a picture of... 一张 ......的画

 

a round/ long face圆脸/长脸

 

(be) of medium height中等身高

 

(curly)blond(e) hair 金(卷)发

 

first of all首先

 

go to the movie去看电影

 

in newspapers在报纸上

 

in the end最后

 

short black hair 短黑发

 

short/curly/long/straight hair短发/卷发/长发/直发

 

the same way同样的方式

 

【重点句子】

He has brown hair and wears glasses.他留着棕色头发,戴着眼镜。

 

He isn't tall or short. He's of medium height.他不高不矮,中等个子。

 

He has short curly brown hair.他留着棕色的短卷发。

 

Is he tall or short?他个子高还是矮?

 

Just meet him in front of the cinema first.先在电影院前面与他见面吧。

 

Many people don't always see things the same way so they may  describe the same person differently.

人们并非总是以同样的方式看待事物,所以他们可能将同一个人描述得不一样。

 

They tell him what the criminal looks like.他们告诉他罪犯的长相。

 

Then Joe draws a picture of the criminal, and the police put it in newspapers and on television to find him.

然后,乔画出罪犯的肖像,警察把它放在报纸上和电视上寻找此人。

 

What does he look like?他长什么样?

 

Yeah, but I may be a little late.对,但是我可能晚一点。

 

【介词考点归纳】

1、地点介词at与in的用法辨析

典型句型:arrive in+大地点;arrive at+小地点

介词at表示较小的地方,如家、村、乡村等,

如:He arrived in Tianjin the day before yesterday.

He lives at a small village.

介词in表示较大的地方,如大城市、国家、洲等,

如:He arrived at school at 8 this morning.

He lives in Beijing.

 

2、地点介词at与on的用法辨析

介词at可用于门牌号,

如:He lives at No.200, Nanjing Road.

介词on用于路名,

如:He lives on Nanjing Road.

 

3、地点介词in、on、to的用法辨析

介词in表示“包含”如:Beijing is in the north of China.

介词on表示“紧邻”(接壤)如:Canada lies on the north of the U.S.

介词to表示“没接触”(不接壤)如:France lies to the south of England.

 

4、方位介词in、on、at的用法辨析

介词in表示“排、行、组”,

如:We are in Team One.

介词on表示“左、右”,

如:Li Ping is on my left.

介词at表示“前、后”,

如:I sit at the front of the classroom.

 

5、方位介词across,、through、over,、past的用法辨析

介词across着重于“从一头或一边到另一头或另一边”,强调从表面穿过。

Cross(v.)=动词+across

如:She went across the street to make some purchases.

介词through着重于“穿越”,强调从立体空间内穿过。

如:The sunlight was coming in through the window.

介词over多表示从“上方越过”

如:He failed to go over the mountain; he had to go round it.

介词past表示从“面前经过”

Pass(v.)=动词+past

如:Someone has just gone past the window.

 

6、方位介词on, over, above的用法辨析

介词on表示一物放在另一物上面,二者表面接触

如:The book is on the table.书在桌子上

介词over表示一种垂直悬空的上下关系,即“在…上方”

如:Is there any bridge over the river?河上有桥吗?

介词above表示一般的“高于…”,“在…之上”,并不强调垂直关系

如:There was an electric clock above his bed.在他床上方有一个电子表

 

7、方位介词to、for的用法辨析

介词to表示目的地或去的目的

如:Wil you take a train to Tianjian.

介词for表示动身去某地

常见短语:leave for

如:He got on a train for Shanghai.

 

8、方位介词under与below的用法辨析

介词under是over的反义词即“在…下方”(垂直)

如:They were seen under the tree.

介词below是above的反义词即“低于…”,“在…之下”(不强调垂直)

如:They live below us.

 

【本单元语法】

一、一般疑问句的结构

(1)基本的结构为:be/助动词/情态动词+主语+谓语/表语+(其他),句子要读升调,

如:

Are they your friends?

Does he go to school on foot?

Will you be free tonight?

Can you play basketball?

(2)一般疑问句的答语及特殊情况(may, must, could)

一般疑问句需用“yes/no”来回答

(3)一般疑问句和选择疑问句的区别

选择疑问句不能用“yes/no”回答

例如:

--Is this your pen or hers?这是你的钢笔还是她的?

--It’s mine.是我的

 

二、特殊疑问句概述

特殊疑问句(special questions),也可称为“wh”-questions,因为它们多数都以who,where,when,which,whose,why这类词开头,如:

Who is it on the phone?

How many oranges can you see in the picture?

Where did you last see it?

What did you eat yesterday?

How do you usually go to school?

Why didn’t you tell me?

它的结构一般为:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句,即:特殊疑问词+be/助动词/情态动词+主语+谓语/表语+(其他),如:

who,whom,which,what,whose五个疑问代词

when,where,why,how及how与其他副词和形容词组成的疑问副词

what time, how long, how soon, how often, how old, how far, how many, how much

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