人教新目标英语七年级下册第十一单元知识点归纳总结

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2020年6月1日15:12:59 评论 84 次浏览 2567字阅读8分33秒

2020年春人教新目标英语七年级下册

知识点归纳总结

Unit  11  How was your school  trip?

Section A

  1. go for a walk=take a walk 去散步   go out for a walk 出去散步
  2. milk

(1) vt 挤奶   milk a cow 挤牛奶

(2) vi 挤奶,出奶  This cow milks very well. 这头奶牛出奶很多。

 

3.feed vt  喂养,饲养 fed  fed   feed chickens 喂鸡

(1) feed food /饲料to sb/sth 把...喂给...吃

(2) vi feed on  以...为食, 靠...为生

 

4.anything 不定代词  某事  某东西

(1) something通常用于肯定句,anything通常用于否定句或疑问句。

There is something in the box. (肯定句)

There isn’t anything in the box. (否定句)

Is there anything in the box? (疑问句)

(2) 在表示请求 建议或意见的疑问句中用something 不用anything

Would you like something to drink?

  • anything 任何事 任何东西 主要用于肯定句
  • 作主语时,谓语用单数
  • 修饰anything 的adj 应该放在它后面

 

  1. grow

(1) vt 种植,栽培 grow flowers and vegetables种植鲜花和蔬菜

(2) vi(使)生长,发育

Tomatoes grow best in direct sunlight. 西红柿在阳光直射下生长最好。

  • 连系动词  逐渐变得  强调变化过程  It’s growing dark.
  • grow up 长大,长成
  • grow  种植 还包括后期的管理和培育过程,表示过程或状态
  • plant 栽入土中 涉及的时间较短,表示动作

 

  1. show vt  带领,引领   show sb around 带领某人参观

(1) n.表演;演出;展览    a picture/fashion show

(2) v. 给……看;领;带   show sb sth=show sth to sb把某物给某人看

 

  1. learn  学习

learn...about... 学习/知道/了解

learn about了解 知道 获悉

 

  1. pick vt 采摘 挑选   pick strawberries 采草莓   pick up  捡起;拿起;扶起; (用车)来接
  2. How was your school trip?

  How be + sb/sth?=What be sb/sth、

  • 询问健康状况怎么样或者情况如何  How is your father? How is it going?
  • 答语  It was great/ok/good. All right.很好    It is not bad. 还不错

 

  • come out
  • (花)开放  The flowers begin to come out in spring.
  • 出版,发表  The book will come out at the end of this month.
  • 出来   The sun is coming out.

 

 

Section B

  1. fire
  • 火[U]   Do you know horses are afraid of fire? 你知道马怕火吗?
  • 炉火;篝火;火灾 [C]  Don’t play with fire. There was a big fire in the next street yesterday.
  • be on fire 着火
  • make a fire  生火
  • go on a trip to ...到某处去旅行go on a hike/picnic/visit/vacation

on…trip  在……旅行期间,on进行,从事于……  He is on a trip in America.

 

  • all in all 总的来说 句首  All in all,we had a good time.

in all 总共,合计 句首 句末

at all  根本 常用语否定句中 not at all 一点也不,根本不

after all 毕竟,终究   句首 句中  句末

above all 首先,最重要的是  句首 句中做插入语

 

  • interesting adj 用来修饰物  the film is interesting.
    interested adj 用来修饰人   I am interested to hear your story.
    -ing后缀都是用来修饰物的,令人...的 surprising 令人惊奇的

ed后缀是用来修饰人的,感到...的  surprised 感到惊奇的
embarrassing/embarrassed, worrying/worried, amazing/amazed, shocking/shocked

 

  • listen强调听的动作 听hear强调听的结果  听见  听到

一般过去时态

  1. 用法:

①过去某个时间发生的动作    His mother made some dumplings yesterday.

②过去某个时间存在的状态    Jim was 12 years old.

③过去经常或反复发生的动作     He often went to swim when he was a child.

  1. 与一般过去时连用的时间状语

yesterday,  last night,  in 1990, once, two days ago,  the day before yesterday , the other day几天前

  1. 四个基本句型
  谓语动词是be 谓语动词是do
肯定句 He was in the room yesterday. They watched TV yesterday.
否定句 He was not in the room yesterday. They didn’t watch TV yesterday.
一般疑问句 Was he in the room yesterday? Did they watch TV yesterday?
  Yes, he was.  No, he wasn’t. Yes, they did.  No, they didn’t.
特殊疑问句 Where was he yesterday? What did they do yesterday?
  1. 动词的过去式和过去分词 的规则变化

①一般在动词词尾加ed                    want →wanted

②以e结尾的动词,只加d                     live →lived

③以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,改y为i,再加ed study →studied

④以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母,双写这一辅音字母,再加ed   stop →stopped

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