人教版八年级上册英语第一单元(重点短语,语法点)

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2020年6月9日21:34:44 5433字阅读18分6秒

Unit1  Where did you go on vacation?

  • 重点短语:
  1. go/ beon vacation 去度假             21. find out 查明弄清

2.stay at home 待在家里                 22. go on doing sth 继续做某事

3.go to the mountains 去爬山             23.take photos 照相

  1. go to the beach 去海滩  24. something important 重要的事
  2. visit museums 参观博物馆  25. up and down  上上下下
  3. go to summer camp 参加夏令营26. come up  出来

7.quite a few 相当多          27. buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth. 为某人买某物

8.study for tests 准备考试    28. bye for now到此为止

9.keep a diary 写日记    29. the top of ...  ......的顶部

10.most of the time  大部分时间          30.in excitement 兴奋地

  1. taste good  尝起来很好吃  31. an hour later = after an hour一小时后

12.have a good time  玩得高兴  32. another two hours另外两小时

  1. of course 当然   33. start doing sth.=start to do sth开始做某事

14.feel like 给……的感觉;感受到 34. stop doing sth. 停止做某事

15.arrive in/at...到达                  35. dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

16.in the past  在过去                   36.keep doing sth.继续做某事

  1. walk around 四处走走   37. Why not do. sth.?  为什么不做……呢?
  2. because of  因为 38. so+adj.+that+从句  如此……以至于……
  3. 19. the next day 第二天
  4. 20. wait for a long time等很长时间
  5. 39. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事

 

  • 语法知识点
  • 复合不定代词

由some , any , no , every分别与one , body , thing 构成的不定代词。

  one body thing
some- someone某人 somebody something某事,某物
any- anyone任何人 anybody anything任何事物
every- everyone每个人 everybody everything所有事物
no- no one没有人 nobody nothing没有什么

【常见用法】

①带some的不定代词,常用在肯定句中。

Eg: I bought something for my parents , but nothing for myself .

我给我父母买了一些东西,但是给自己什么也没买。

但是在表示请求和建议的疑问句中也用some- ,希望得到对方肯定答复。

Eg: Would you like something to eat ? 你想要一些喝的东西吗?(请求)

Why didn’t you buy something for yourself ?

你为什么不给自己买些东西?(建议)

②带any的不定代词,常用在否定句疑问句中。

Eg: I didn’t buy anything. = I bought nothing. 我什么也没买。

Eg: Did you go out with anyone ? 你和什么人一起去的吗?

但是,带any的不定代词也可以放在肯定句中,表示“任何人;任何事物”。

Eg: I can do anything for you. 我可以为你做任何事情。

③不定代词 + 形容词 / 动词不定式 / else(其他的)

Eg: Did you buy anything special ? 你买什么特别的东西了吗?

Eg: Did you do anything special ? 你做什么特殊的事情了吗?

Eg: Did you go anywhere interesting ? 你去什么有趣的地方了吗?

Eg: Did you meet anyone interesting ? 你遇见什么有趣的人了吗?

Eg: There is something wrong with the TV . 电视出毛病了。

Eg: There was nothing much to do but read . 除了阅读,没有什么事情可做。

Eg: Do you want anything else?你还想要其他的什么吗?

④不定代词作主语,谓语动词用单三。

Eg: Everything was excellent . 一切都极好。

Eg: No one was here . Everyone was on vacation . 没有人在这儿,大家都去度假。

Eg: Someone wants to meet you. 有人想拜访你。

Eg: Everything goes well. 一切都进展顺利。

  • 反身代词
  第一人称 第二人称 第三人称
单数 myself yourself himself   herself    itself
复数 ourselves yourselves themselves
  • by oneself 靠某人自己   Eg: We must finish our homework by ourselves.
  • for oneself 为某人自己   Eg: I bought nothing for myself.
  • enjoy oneself 过得愉快   Eg: My father enjoyed himselflast weekend.
  • buy sth. for sb. =buy sb. sth.为某人买某物

如:My father bought me a bike.=My father bought a bike for me.

  • quite a few= quite a lot of ...= many “相当多”,后加可数名词复数

Eg: We took quite a few photos there. 我们在那儿拍了许多照片。

  • 辨析little,few,a little与a few
  含义和用法 例句
few “几乎没有”,表示否定意义,修饰可数名词复数。 Eg: There are few people in the cinema. 电影院里几乎没有人。
a few “一些”,表示肯定意义,相当于some,修饰可数名词复数。 Eg: There are a few people in the cinema. 电影院里有一些人。
little “几乎没有”,表示否定意义,修饰不可数名词。 Eg: There is little water in the cup.杯子里几乎没有水。
“小的”,后跟名词 Eg: The little girl is my sister.
a little “一些”,表示肯定意义,修饰不可数名词。 Eg:There is a little water in the cup.杯子里有一些水。
  • most “大多数”
  • most of + the/ these/those + 名词     指某一范围内的大多数。

Eg: I just stayed at home most of the time to read and relax .

大多数时间,我只是待在家读书和放松。

② most用作形容词,后直接跟可数名词复数或不可数名词。

Eg: Most children like playing football very much.大部分的孩子非常喜欢踢足球。

  • taste + 形容词  “尝起来...”

Eg: Everything tasted really good.  所有东西尝起来都非常好。

考点:感官动词look(看起来),sound(听起来),feel(感觉),smell(闻起来),taste(尝起来)是系动词,后接形容词作表语。

  • How did you like it ? = What did you think of it ?  你觉得它怎么样?

Eg: How do you like the story ? = What do you think of the story ?

你觉得这个故事怎么样?

  • seem:系动词,“好像;似乎;看来”

【教材原句】 Still no one seemed to be bored.虽然如此,没有人看起来是厌倦的。

【固定搭配】

① seem +(to be)+ adj./ 名词

② seem to do sth. 好像要做某事

③ It seems(-ed) that …  好像

Eg: She seems happy / bored .= She seems to be happy / bored.

= It seems that she is happy / bored. 她看起来很高兴 / 烦躁。

  • 辨析bored与boring
bored “感到厌倦的”,修饰人,主语是人。

be / get bored with ...  对.....感到厌倦

Eg: The stories are very boring and I am bored with them.
boring “无聊的”,修饰物,主语是物。
  • decidev.决定   (decision  n. 决定)

① decide (not) to do sth  = make a decision (not) to do sth决定(不)做某事

Eg: So we decided to go to the beach near our hotel.

所以我们决定去宾馆附近的海滩。

② decide + 疑问词 + 动词不定式

Eg: We had to decide what to do .我们不得不决定要做什么。

  • try  v. 尝试;努力

① try to do sth 努力去做某事

Eg:We must try to make our dreams come true. 我们必须努力让梦想实现。

② try doing sth 尝试做某事

Eg: I tried swimming , but I still can’t swim. 我尝试了一下游泳,但仍然不会。

③ try one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大的努力去做某事

Eg: I will try my best to finish my homework.我将尽我的努力完成作业。

④其他短语: have a try 试一试     try on试穿

  • feel like ...
  • feel like + 句子  感觉像是...

Eg: I felt like I was a bird . 我感觉我像是一只鸟。

  • feel like doing sth 想要做某事=want to do sth = would like to do sth

Eg: I feel like eating. 我想吃东西。

  • 感叹句
  • 由how 引导的感叹句 : How + 形容词/副词(主语 + 谓语)

Eg: How beautiful the girl is ! 这个女孩儿多么漂亮啊!

  • 由what 引导的感叹句:

What + a/an + 形容词 + 可数名词单数(主语 + 谓语)

Eg: What a beautiful girl(she is)!      What a sunny day !

What + 形容词 + 可数名词复数/不可数名词(主语 + 谓语)

Eg: What beautiful flowers (they are)! 多么漂亮的花啊!

Eg: What delicious food !多么美味的食物啊!

  • 辨析difference / different

difference   n. 差异

Eg: There is no difference between this book and that one.

这本书和那本书之间没有差异。

different   adj.不同的  be different from... 与......不同

Eg :China is different from Malaysia. 中国和马来西亚不同。

  • enjoy 和enjoyable

enjoy  v.喜欢  enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事

enjoyable   adj. 令人愉快的

Eg: I really enjoyed walking around the town. 我十分喜欢在这个镇的周围走走。

Eg: I enjoy reading the book because it’s enjoyable.

  • wait    v.等待
  • wait for sb/sth等待某人/某事            Eg: I can wait for you at school.
  • wait to do sth等着去做某事      Eg: Everyone is waiting to take a shower.
  • wait (for) + 时间段等待多长时间

Eg: We waited over an hour for the train because there are too many people.

我们等了一个多小时的火车,因为人太多了。

  • cant wait to do sth迫不及待做某事

Eg: My little brother can’t wait to go out because he wants to play games outside.

我的弟弟迫不及待的出去,因为他想在外面玩儿游戏。

  • 辨析:because / because of

because of + 名词/代词/短语

Eg:I had to move because of my job. 因为我的工作,我不得不搬家。

because + 句子

Eg:Because of the bad weather , we couldn’t see anything below.

因为糟糕的天气,我们看不见山下的任何东西。

  • enough   adj/ adv.足够的(地)(名前形后)

① enough作形容词,后跟名词

Eg:My father didn’t bring enough money . 我爸爸没有带足够的钱。

  • enough 作副词,跟在形容词后面

Eg: He is not old enough to go to school. 他年龄还不够大去学校。

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