人教版英语七年级下册1-12单元必背句子与短语

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2020年6月27日19:00:34 24156字阅读80分31秒

七下1—6单元必背句子与词组

Unit1 Where’s your pen pal from? (ok)

  1. --你的笔友来自哪里? -- Where isyour pen pal from?   (无“实义动词come, 用is/are”)

--他来自加拿大。-- He/She is from Canada.

同义句:-- Where does your pen pal come from?    (有“实义动词come, 用do/does”)

-- He/She comes from Canada.

来自:be from = come from

练:They’re _______ Australia, a beautiful country.

  1. come from     B. comes from     C. from     D. for
  2. --你的笔友来自加拿大吗?-- Isyour pen pal fromCanada?   (用法同上)

--是的。-- Yes, he/she is.

同义句:-- Does your pen pal come from Canada?   (用法同上)  -- Yes, he/she does.

  1. 他来自澳大利亚:He is from Australia.   他是澳大利亚人:He is Australian.
  2. 4. --你的笔友住在哪里?-- Where doesyour pen pal live?

--他住在多伦多。-- He/She lives in Toronto.

居住在某地:live in sp

练:-- When _____ the girl _____ her homework?   -- In the evening.

  1. does, does     B. does, do     C. is, do     D. is, does

-- _______ your sister have a pen pal?   Yes, she _______.

  1. Is, is     B. Does, do     C. Can, can     D. Does, does

-- Ling Tao is a Chinese, but now he _______ in the UK.

  1. live     B. is     C. is from     D. comes from
  2. 5. --你的笔友说什么语言?-- What language doesyour pen pal speak?

--他说英语。-- He/She speaks English.

说某种语言:speak+语言;    其他用法speak a little+语言;speak in+语言;

用某种语言说某东西:say sth in+语言;

对某人说:say to sb    告诉某人:tell sb

:My new pen pal ________ me that he can ________ Chinese but only a little.

I can’t ________ French, but I can ________ it in English.

  1. 6. 我喜欢和我的朋友一起去看电影:I like goingto the movies withmy friends.

句型:喜欢做某事:like doing sth = like to do sth

去看电影:go to the movies     看电影:see a movie

  1. 7. 写信给某人:write tosb = write a letter to sb

互相写信:write to each other     互相写电子邮件:write e-mails to each other

  1. 8. 一部动作电影:anaction movie
  2. 9. 告诉我关于你自己:tell me aboutyourself

讲故事:tell a story   讲故事给某人听:tell a story to sb

  1. 10. 在周末:onweekends    在平时:onthe weekdays
  2. 11. 相似单词比较:(1) 信:letter   一点:little      (2) 法国:France   法语:French
  3. 12. (1) like  v. 喜欢;  如:He likes

(2) like  prep. 像;  如:He looks like his mother.

  1. 13. (1) country  n. 国家;  如:There are many countriesin the world.

(2) country  n. 乡村;如:乡村音乐:country music   He lives in the country.

  1. 14. (1) from  perp. 来自;  如:My pen pal is from

(2) from  prep. 从;  如:Let’s read from the beginning of this book.

Unit2 Where’s the post office? (ok)

  1. 问路:(1) Excuse me, how can I get to the post office?

(2) Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the post office?

  1. --这儿附近有一个邮局吗?-- Is therea post office near here?

--是的。-- Yes, there is.   (否定:No, there isn’t.)

① there be翻译为“有”,不能拆开翻译。

用法:There is+单数/不可数;There are+复数;

在附近:near here = in the neighborhood

  1. –邮局在哪里?-- Where is the post office?

--它在第五大街上。-- It’s on Fifth Avenue.    (第五:用序数词fifth)

在…街上:介词用on

  1. 它在沿大桥街右侧:It’s down Bridge Street on the right.

沿街左侧:down…street on the left

  1. 散步通过花园:Take a walk throughthe park.  (指“穿过park的内部”)
  2. 在宾馆旁边是一间有着漂亮花园的小房子:

Next to the hotel is a small house with a beautiful garden.   (不能用has)

  1. 我爸爸很享受散步的乐趣:My father enjoys taking a walk very much.

句型:享受做某事的乐趣:enjoy doing sth

散步:take a walk    去散步go for a walk

③ 走着某地:walk to sp = go to sp on foot

  1. 这是花园之旅的开始:This is the beginning of the garden.

开始,开端:beginning    如:Let’s read from the beginning of this book.

在…的开端:at the beginning of

  1. 大桥街是一个很好玩的地方:Bridge Street is a good place to have fun.
  2. 让我告诉你去我家的路:Let me tell you the way to my house.

去某地的路:the way to sp.

在某人去某地的路上:on one’s way to sp.  home, there, here前的介词“to”要省略

做某事的好方法:a good way to do sth

  1. 比较:(表示“位置”)在…前面:in front of…  在…后面:behind…

(表示“时间”)在…之前:before…     在…之后:after…

比较:(1) in front of…在(外部)的前面;    如:There is a big tree in front of my house.

(2) in the front of…在(内部)的前面; 如:The teacher is in the front of classroom.

  1. 在左边/右边:on the left/right.

在…左边/右边:on the left/right of…

  1. 笔直走:go straight   沿着…街(路)走:go down…Street/Road

(两者合并)沿着…街(路)笔直走:go straight down…Street/Road

  1. 向左转:turn left   向右转:turn right   掉头:turn around
  2. 玩得(很)高兴:have a good time = have (great) fun

句型:很高兴做某事have (great) fun doing sth

  1. 打的:takea taxi       打的去某地:take a taxi tosp = go to sp by taxi

乘公交车:take a bus   乘公交车去某地:take a bus to sp = go to sp by bus

  1. 我希望你过一个愉快的旅途:I hope you have a good trip.

对于别人的赞美与祝愿,回答用“Thanks, Thank you”来表示“感谢”

  1. 到达某地方:(1) arrive in+大地方;  arrive at+小地方;

(2) arrive单独使用;如:When he arrives, the class is over.

(3) get to+地方;到家:get home 到达那里:get there 到达这里:get here

  1. 穿过:(1) 从表面穿过:across    穿过马路:walk acorss the road

(2) 从内部穿过:through   穿过公园:walk through the park

  1. 在…上面:(1) on   (指“表面接触”)  如:There is a book onthe desk.

(2) over  (指“表面不接触”,悬空)  如:There is a bridge over the river.

  1. 不定冠词a/an与定冠词the的选择使用——看“翻译”

(1) 翻译为“一…”,用a/an;

(2) 翻译为“这…”或“不需要翻译”,用the;

如:(1) There is ______ old man next to ______ post office.

(2) – Do you know ______ London?  -- Of course. It’s in _____ United Kingdom.

  1. (1) straight  adv. 笔直地;  如:Go down straightand turn left.

(2) straight  adj. 直的;  如:He has short straight black hair.

  1. (1) turn  v. 转弯;  如:向后转:Turnaround.

(2) turn  n. 轮到某人的一次机会;  如:It’s your turn to tell a story.

  1. (1) left  n. 左边;  如:Turn left.

(2) left  v. 离开leave的过去式;  如:He left home early yesterday.

  1. (1) right  n. 右边;  如:The post office is on your right.

(2) right  adj. 正确的;  如:Which one is right?

  1. (1) down  adv. 向下;  如:Sit down, please.

(2) down  prep. 沿着;  如:The post office is down Bridge Street on the right.

  1. (1) open  v. 打开;  如: The shop opensat seven o’clock am.

(2) open  adj. 开着的;营业中的;  如:The shop is open for 24 hours a day.

  1. (1) clean  v. 打扫;  如:We cleanthe classroom every day.

(2) clean  adj. 干净的;  如:Our classroom is very clean.

  1. (1) if  如果;  如:Ifyou are hungry, you can buy some food in the supermarket.

(2) if  是否;  如:I don’t know if he will come.

  1. (1) visit  v. 参观,访问;

(2) visit  v. 看望,拜访;

Unit3 Why do you like koalas? (ok)

  1. –让我们先去看考拉。-- Let’s see the koalas first.    (first翻译为“首先”)

–你为什么最喜欢考拉?-- Why do you like koalas best?    (best翻译为“最”)

--因为它们很可爱。-- Because they are very cute.

句型:让某人做某事:let sb do sth

  1. –你为什么喜欢老虎?-- Why don’tyou like tigers?

--因为它们有点吓人。-- Because they are kind of scary.

在此处,表示“不”,只要在do后加not即可

有点…:kind of+形容词 = a little+形容词

  1. 你还喜欢别的什么动物? What other animalsdo you like?   (后有animals, other不加s)

你喜欢和别的年轻人工作吗? Do you like to work with other young people?

This isn’t my sweater. It’s __________ (you).

Are all these children __________ (you)?

  1. 他是一个8岁的男孩:He is an 8-year-old boy.   (后有名词boy, 用连字符,year用原形)

他8岁:He is 8 years old.   (后无名词boy, 不用连字符,岁数大于1,year变复数)

  1. 请保持安静:Please bequiet. = Please keepquiet.  (keep译为“保持”,= be)
  2. 他每天通常睡和放松20个小时:He usually sleepsand relaxes20 hours every day.

每天:every day  (要分开)   连在一起的everyday翻译为“日常的”,是个形容词。

  1. 和某人玩:play withsb   (倒翻)
  2. 在白天:duringthe day = inthe day  在此处,during = in
  3. 在晚上:atnight = inthe evening    在上学的晚上/白天:on school nights/days
  4. 吃草:eat grass   吃叶子:eat leaves (leaf的复数形式)  吃肉:eat meat
  5. 相似单词比较:(1) 草:grass  (不可数,无复数)   (2) 玻璃:glass  复数:glasses 眼镜
  6. 汉语:因为…,所以…   英语:because…, so… (不能同时出现在一个句子中)

汉语:虽然…,但是…   英语:though…, but… (只能使用其中一个)

如:_______ Tom is tired, _______ he wants to have a food rest.

  1. Because, so    B. Though, but    C. /, so    D. /, but
  2. (1) first  num. 第一;  如:Sunday is the firstday of a week.

(2) first  adv. 首先;首先:at first  如:Let’s see the koalas first.

  1. (1) best  adv. 最;  如:Why do you like koalas best?

(2) best  adj. 最好的;  如:Who do you think is the best teacher in your class?

  1. (1) very  adv. 非常(放在形容词前);  如:The koalas are very cute.

(2) very much  非常(放在动词后);  如:Thank you very much.

  1. (1) kind(s) of  n. 种类;  如:There are many kinds ofanmals in the zoo.

What kind of noodles would you like?

(2) kind of = a little  adv. 有点;(无形式变化)  如:He is kind of lazy.

(3) kind   adj. 和蔼的,友善的;  如:It’s kind of you to help me with my English.

  1. 树叶:leaf   复数:leaves变化规则:去f加ves;
  2. 小偷:thief  复数:thieves变化规则:去f加ves.

Unit4 I want to be an actor.

  1. –你是干什么的?-- What do you do?--我是一名医生。-- I’m a doctor.

询问“职业”的另两种问法:① What’s your job?

What are you?

  1. –你在哪里工作?-- Where doyou work?--我在医院工作。-- I work in a hospital.
  2. –你长大时想成为什么?-- What do you want to bewhen you grow up?

--我想成为一名演员。-- I want to be an actor because its interesting.

be动词:可译为“是”或“成为”,这里是“成为”的意思

练:-- What do you want to _______, Susan?   -- A reporter.   (082七下期末考)

  1. be    B. do    C. have    D. make
  2. 人们把他们的钱给我或者从我这里拿走他们的钱:

People give me their money or get their money from me.

词组:把某东西给某人:give sb sth = give sth to sb

词组:从某人处得到某东西:get sth from sb

  1. 我们有一份服务员的工作你:  We have a job foryou asa waiter.
  2. 你想杂志社写故事吗?  Do you want to write stories fora magazine?
  3. 你想参加学校戏剧吗?  Do you want to be inthe school play?

此处的be in意思是“参加”,等于join

  1. 我们是一所专为5到12的儿童开设的国际学校:

We are an international school for children of 5-12.

  1. 我们想要一个体育老师教足球:we want a P.E. teacher to teach soccer.

句型:想要某人做某事:want sb to do sth

  1. 我们星期一星期五上学:We go to school fromMonday toFriday.
  2. 工作很迟:work late努力工作:work hard努力学习:study hard
  3. 穿制服:wear a uniform    穿校服:wear a schooluniform
  4. 打某人的电话:call sb at+telephone number
  5. 与某人讲话(单方面):talk tosb

与某人讲话(互相):talk with sb    Who are you talking with?

谈论某事:talk about sth         What are you talking about?

  1. “有定冠词”与“没有定冠词”的区别:

(1) 去上学:go to school    去学校:go to the school

(2) 住院:in hospital        在医院里:in the hospital

  1. 句型:擅长于做某事:be good at doingsth
  2. 关于做题时“名词”加“的”“代词”加“的”

(1) 翻译句子,看有“的”无“的”时句子意思是否通顺。

(2) 如果需要加“的”,则作出相应变化。

(3) 如何加 ’s ?  ① 不以s结尾的加 ’s  ;  ② 以s结尾的只加 ’

练:(1) My __________ (grandmother) home is on Market Street.

(2) They are the __________ (twin) bedrooms.

(3) I think they are __________ (他们) friends.

(4) we are eating dinner at my __________ (grandparent) home.

(5) Please write and tell me about __________ (你) school.

(6) This office is for __________ (我们) English teacheer.

  1. (1) when  adv. 什么时候;  如:Whendoes Linda get up every day?

(2) when  adv. 当…时;  如:What do you want to be when you grow up?

  1. (1) or  或者;  如:People give their money to me orget their money from me.

(2) or   还是;  如:Which one do you like, this one or that one?

  1. (1) call  v. 打(电话);  If you have an idea, please call me.

(2) call  v. 叫;  如:You can call me Tom.

(3) call  v. (大声)叫喊;  如:The boy calls, “Where is the basketball?”

  1. (1) play  v. 玩,打;  如:She likes to playwith her friends.

(2) play  n. 戏剧;  如:Do you want to be in the school play?    (be in = join 参加)

  1. 音乐:music   音乐家:musician
  2. 故事:story   复数:stories变化规则:去y加ies;
  3. 不规则可数名词变复数:

(1) 男警察:policeman   复数:policemen

(2) 女警察:policewoman   复数:policewomen

(3) 孩子:child   复数:children

  1. 单词辨析:(1) 新闻,消息:news  (不可数)   (2) 纸:paper   (不可数)

(3) 报纸:newspaper   (可数,复数为newspapers)

Unit5 I’m watching TV

  1. 现在进行时的结构:主语+be+Ving.   (be动词和动词+ing两者缺一不可)

考题形式:(1) 已知be动词,考后面的动词形式(要加ing);

(2) 已知后面的动词+ing, 则前面用be动词。

如:(1) The boy is _________ (run) with his father.

(2) Some children are __________ (lie) on the grass.

(3) My brother and I are __________ (play) soccer.

(4) His sister is __________ (read) a book.

  1. --你正在做什么?-- What areyou doing?--我正在看电视。-- I’m watching TV.
  2. 那听起来很棒:That soundsgreat/good.
  3. 谢谢你的信和照片:Thanks foryour letter and the photos.

谢谢某东西:Thanks for sth

句型:谢谢做某事:Thanks for doing sth

  1. 我的一些照片:Here aresome of my photos.   (“一些照片”是“复数”,be用are)

我的一张全家福照片:Here is a photo of my family.  (“一张照片”是“单数”,be用is)

  1. 句型:忙于做某事:be busy doingsth

如:His brother is busy _________ (write) stories in his room.

  1. 表示“活动”的“动词词组”

① 做家庭作业:do one’s homework     ② 打扫房间:clean the room

③ 吃晚饭:eat dinner    ④ 打电话:talk on the phone = make a telephone call

⑤ 看书/看报/看杂志:read books, read newspapers, read magazines

 (学生)上课:have an English class   (老师)上课:give an English class

 举行晚会:have an evening party       和某人说再见:say goodbye to sb

  1. 在购物中心:atthe mall在游泳池:at the (swimming) pool

在学校:at school          在体育馆里:in the gym

  1. 在第一张照片中:inthe first photo   在第二张照片中:in the secondphoto

在下一张照片中:in the next photo   在最后一张照片中:in the last photo

  1. 等汽车:wait forthe bus     在汽车站等(某人):wait (forsb) at the bus stop
  2. 我的兄弟和我:my brother and I    (要把“我”放在后面)
  3. (身体)好,健康:well = fine如:-- How is your mother?   -- She is _______.
  4. 活动:activity    复数:activities(以辅音字母+y结尾的,去y加ies)

玩具:toy    复数:toys   (以元音字母+y结尾的,直接加s)

  1. (1) 也:also   用于“肯定句的句中”;

(2) 也:too    用于“肯定句的句末,前加逗号”;

(3) 也:either  用于“否定句的句末,前加逗号”。

  1. (1) show  n. 节目;如:TV show, sports show, game show, talk show

(2) show  v. 给…看;如:Can you show me your family photo?  I’ll show you the way.

(3) show  v. 表演;如:Can you show us Beijing Opear?

Unit6 It’s raining!

  1. –今天北京的天气怎么样?-- How’s the weather in Beijing today?   (无like用How)

--是晴天。-- It’s sunny.   (其他天气:windy, cloudy, sunny=fine=nice)

同义句:-- What’s the weather like today?   (有like用What)

-- It’s sunny.   (其他天气:warm, hot, cool, cold, dry, humid)

练:We don’t know _______ the weather will be tomorrow.

  1. how    B. what    C. hows    D. whats
  2. --你最近过得怎么样?-- How’s it going withyou?

--相当好:Pretty good.   很棒:Great.   还不错:Not bad.   很糟糕:Terrible.

  1. (1) 在夏天天是多雨的。It’s rainyin summer.   (it后有be动词is, 后面用形容词rainy)

(2) 在夏天天经常下雨。It often rains in summer.   (it后无be动词is, 后面用动词rains)

(3) 现在正在下雨:It’s raining now.   (is和动词ing构成“现在进行时”)

相同用法的词还有snowy, snows.

练:(1) What do you do when it ______?  A. rain  B. rainy  C. raining  D. is rainy

(2) It’s __________ (rain) heavily in Harbin now.

(3) The radio says it will be __________ (rain) tomorrow.

(4) – How’s the weather on Sunday?   -- ________.

  1. It’s rain     B. It’s raining     C. It’s rains     D. It rainy
  2. 谢谢你参加中央电视台“环游世界”节目。

Thank you for joining CCTV’s Around The World show.

句型:感谢你做某事:Thank you for doing sth

  1. 有许多人正躺在沙滩上:There are many people lyingon the beach.

句型:有某人正在做某事:There be sb doing sth

躺在沙滩上:lie on the beach   (lie加ing的规则:将ie变成y, 再加ing)

  1. 一些正在拍照,另外的正躺在沙滩上。

Some are taking photos, others are lying on the beach.

(1) 一些…,另一些…(复数):some…, others…

(2) 一个…,另一个…(单数):one…, the other…

  1. 他们看起来很酷:They look cool.      他看起来很酷:He lookscool.
  2. 电话用语:(1) 你是谁?  Who’s that?   不能用:Who are you?

(2) 你是某某吗?  Is that…?   不能用:Are you…?

(3) 是某某在说话吗?  Is that … speaking?    回答用:Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.

(4) 我是某某:  This is….   不能用:I’m ….

(5) 是某某在说话:This is … speaking.

  1. 句型:做完某事:finish doingsth    完成某事:finish sth

如:He finishes reading a book about science.

He finishes his homework at home every day.

  1. 句型:为了做某事:in order to dosth跟在to后面的动词用原形
  2. 与look有关的词组:

(1) 看着某人/某东西:look at sb/sth         (2) 寻找某人/某东西:look for sb/sth

(3) 照顾某人/某东西:look after sb/sth      (4) 看起来像某人/某东西:look like sb/sth

(5) 小心:look out

(6) 朝…外面看:look out of…    如:朝窗外看:look out of the windows

  1. 与“人”有关的形容词+ed   如:relaxed, surprised, interested, excited

与“物”有关的形容词+ing   如:relaxing, surprising, interesting, exciting

练:(1) The teacher is __________ (surprise) at the news.

(2) I’m having a good time and __________ (relax).

  1. 烧饭(总称):cook meals烧早饭(中饭,晚饭):cook breakfast/lunch/dinner
  2. 在度假:onvacation度假:have a vacation
  3. 拍照片:(单数) take a photo   (复数) take photos
  4. 打沙滩排球:play beachvolleyball
  5. 在这种热度下:inthis heat
  6. 围围巾:(单数) wear a scarf   (复数) wear scarves
  7. (天气)晴朗的:sunny = fine = nice

如:Today is sunny. = Today is fine. = Today is nice.

  1. 学习:study    三单:studies(以辅音字母+y结尾的,去y加ies)

海滩:beach   复数:beaches   (以s, x, ch, sh结尾的,加es)

 

七下7—12单元必背句子与词组

Unit7 What does he look like?  对“外表”提问

  1. –他看起来长得怎么样?-- What doeshe look like?  (有look,用does/do)

--他很高,而且他有短的卷头发。-- He is very tall, and he has short curly hair.

① 同义句:-- What is he like?  (只有like,用is)   (用is,like翻译问“像”)

区别:-- What does he like?  他喜欢什么?(用does,like翻译为“喜欢”)

② 区别比较:(1) 他中等高度/身材:He is of medium height/build. (是of, 前用be动词)

(2) 他中等高度/身材:He has a medium height/build.(是a, 前用have/has)

  1. 一点点胖:She isa little bit heavy.   (heavy是形容词,前用be动词)

①一点点+形容词:a little bit+形容词 = a little+形容词 = a bit+形容词;

②一点点+名词:a little+名词 = a bit of+名词;

如:His hair is a little long. = His hair is a bit long.

He can speak a little English. = He can speak a bit of English.

  1. They are talking aboutthe tall boy withcurly hair.    (with翻译为“有着”)

(句中已经有了动词talking about,表达“有着”不能再用动词has)

②比较:The tall boy has curly hair.    (无They are talking about, 表达“有着”用动词has)

练:(1) Jim lives in a small house _________ (有着) an interesting garden.

(2) Do you remember John, a pop singer __________ (戴着) funny glasses?

(3) Do you know the tall man _________ (有着) a big nose?

  1. 她从不停止讲话:She never stopstalking.

句型:停止做某事:stop doing sth

句型:停下来去做某事:stop to do sth

练:(1) Class is over. Let’s stop ___________ (have) a rest.

(2) The teacher is coming. Let’s stop __________ (talk).

(3) – I feel tired and sleepy.  – Why not stop __________ (relax)?

(4) If you’re tired, you can stop _________ (work).

(5) Stop _________ (talk). Listen to me, please.

  1. 他不再戴眼镜了:He doesn’twear glasses any more.

词组:不再…:not…any more

词组:戴眼镜:wear glasses

穿一条红色的裙子:wear a red dress

穿着某种颜色的衣服:in+颜色     如:Do you know the boy in black?

  1. 没有人知道我:Nobody knowsme.

语法:someone, somebody, everyone, everybody, nobody均表示“单”,与之搭配使用的动词也要变“单

如:(1) Everyone in my class __________ (know) this smart teacher.

(2) Do you think everyone __________ (enjoy) their weekends?

(3) Everyone in our class _______ the weekend.

  1. enjoys    B. enjoy    C. enjoyed    D. enjoying
  2. 在七年级五班:inClass Five, Grade Seven    (班级、年级、数字的“首字母”均需大写)
  3. 篮球队的队长:the captain ofthe basketball team  (有of,需要倒翻)

①有“生命”的东西,表示“的”用 ’s ;  如:He is my father’s friend.

②无“生命”的东西,表示“的”用 of .  如:Here is a photo of my family.

  1. 形容人的“外貌特征”的名词和形容词
序号 跟在be后 (be+形容词) 跟在have/has后 (have/has+名词)
1 是高的/矮的 is tall/short 有长/短头发 have long/short hair
2 是中等高度 is of medium height 有直/卷头发 have straight/curly hair
3 是胖的/瘦的 is heavy/fat, thin 有黑/黄头发 have black/yellow hair
4 是中等身材 is of medium build have+长短+直卷+颜色+hair
5 是长的/短的 is long/short have a medium height/build
6 是漂亮/丑陋的 is beautiful/ugly have (two) big eyes
7 是可爱的 is cute 有一张圆脸:have a round face
  1. 受某人的欢迎:be popular withsb    受欢迎的:popular

对某人友好:be friendly to sb         友好的:friendly

  1. 讲笑话:tell a joke, tell jokes讲故事:tell stories

开玩笑:play a joke, play jokes   开某人的玩笑:play jokes on sb

  1. 有一副新的面貌:have a new look(此处的look作“名词”)
  2. 去买东西:go shopping

在购物商场购物:shop at the mall

  1. (1) look  v. 看起来;  如:He lookslike his father.

(2) look  prep. 外表;  如:He has a new look.

  1. (1) like  v. 喜欢;  如:What does he like?

(2) like  prep. 像;  如:What is he like?

Unit8 I’d like some noodles.

  1. --你想要什么?-- What wouldyou like? = What doyou want?

--我想要一些面条:-- I’d like some noodles. = I want some noodles.

句型:想要某东西:would like sth = want sth    (后跟名词,不加to)

想要做某事:would like to do sth = want to do sth   (后跟动词,加to)

练:(1) Do you want ________?

  1. speak English   B. to the new pants   C. ho home   D. to go to school

(2) Would you like ________ (drink) some green tea?

  1. 餐厅英语:

--我能帮您吗?-- Can I help you? = What can I do for you? = What would you like?

--我想要一些面条。-- I’d like some noodles.   (I’d = I would)

–你想要什么种类的面?-- What kind of noodles would you like?

--我想要牛肉番茄面。-- I’d like beef and tomato noodles.   (注意用“单数”)

–你想要多大碗的面?-- What size bowl of noodles would you like?

--我想要一中碗面。-- I’d like a medium bowl of noodles.   (一中碗…)

什么种类:What kind   什么尺寸:What size

一大/小碗面条:a large/small bowl of noodles

  1. --你想吃些东西吗?-- Would you like something to eat?

--(接受)好的:-- Yes, please. 或Yes, I’d like/love to.  不能用:Yes, I would.

(拒绝)不,谢谢。-- No, thanks.

练:-- Would you like some tea?   -- ________.

  1. Yes, I would    B. Yes, please    C. No, I don’t    D. No, please
  2. 我要买它:I’ll takeit.     (此处的“买”不能用buy,只能用take)
  3. 那是全部吗?好了吗?完了吗?-- Is that all?
  4. 特色菜一15个饺子只要10元\:Special 1 is just(only)10RMB for15 dumplings.
  5. some+不可数名词(无复数,不能加s),作句子主语时,动词用“三单”。

some+可数名词变复数(有复数,加s),作句子主语时,动词用“复数”或“原形”。

练:(1) Some chicken _______ (be) in the bowl. Some eggs _______ (be) on the table.

(2) I’d like some _______ and _______.

  1. porridge, vegetables   B. beef, tomato   C. French fries, orange juices
  2. “肯定句”的两者或两者以上用“and”连接:I’d like dumplings andorange juice.

“否定句”的两者或两者以上用“or”连接:I don’t like green tea or porridge.

  1. 肯定句中表达“一些”用some;

否定句、疑问句中表达“一些,任何”用any;

如:(1) I would like some beef noodles.  (2) I wouldn’t like any chicken noodles.

(3) I didn’t have _______ money for a taxi.

  1. 关于“人称代词”的用法:

(1) 实义动词后的“人称代词”用宾格; 如:Can you help me?   He doesn’t like them.

(2) 介词后的“人称代词”用宾格; 如:Do you want to go with us?

  1. 吃某东西早餐:eat/have sth forbreakfast

在早餐时间吃东西:eat sth at the breakfast time

  1. 句型:某人/某东西怎么样?:What about sb/sth?

做某事怎么样?:What about doing sth?   What about = How about

  1. 中国食物:Chinese food   中国餐馆:Chinese restaurants

西方食物:western food   西方餐馆:western restaurants

  1. 一碗:a bowl     一大/中/小碗:a big bowl, a medium bowl, a small bowl

一大/中/小碗…:a big/medium/small bowl of…   两大碗:two big bowls of…

一杯绿茶:a cup of green tea

  1. 在饺子店:atthe house of dumplings= at the dumping house

在甜品屋:at a dessert house/shop

  1. 一些很棒的特色菜:some great specials

特色菜1:Special 1

  1. (1) drink  v. 喝;  如:What would you like to drink?

(2) drink  n. 饮料;(复数+s)  如:Cola is a kind of drinks.

  1. (1) kind of    有点;(无形式变化)  如:He is kind oflazy.

(2) a kind of   一种;(单数)  如:English is a kind of languages.

(3) kinds of   多种;(复数)   如:There are many kinds of languages in the world.

Unit9 How was your weekend?

  1. 表示“发生在过去的动作”,要用一般过去时,句中常含表示“过去”的时间。

一般过去时的结构:主语+V过去式翻译时加上“…了”。

(不管主语是“单数”还是“复数”,动词始终用“过去式”)

练:(1) He _________ (go) to school on foot yesterday.

(2) – What did Jim do?  -- He _________ (go) to the movies.

(3) We ___________ (not go) to the cinema last Sunday.

  1. –你上个周末做了什么?-- What didyou dolast weekend?    (did引导,动词还原)

--在星期天上午,我打了网球。-- I played tennis on Sunday morning.

在上午/下午/晚上in the morning/afternoon/evening

在星期天上午/下午/晚上on Sunday morning/afternoon/evening

在上个星期天上午  /   last Sunday morning   (前不用冠词)

在上学的白天/晚上on school days/nights

  1. –Tina的周末怎么样? -- Howwas Tina’s weekend?

--它很棒:It was great.   –它还不错:It was not bad.   –它很糟糕:It was terrible.

  1. 该是回家的时候了:It’s time to gohome.

句型:该是做某事的时候了:It’s time to do sth

  1. He spent half an hour _________ (play) computer games last night.

句型:某人花费时间在某事上:人+spend+时间+on sth

句型:某人花费时间做某事:人+spend+时间+doing sth

  1. 句型:做某事怎么样?What/How about doingsth?

某人/某东西怎么样?  What about sb/sth?  如:你怎么样?What about you?

  1. 常用do, does, did, don’t, doesn’t, didn’t代替前文提到的动词。

(1) – Who cleaned the room?   -- Mike ________.   A. was   B. does   C. is   D. did

(2) I don’t think he is so great, but my mother _______.

(3) Peter visited his English teacher this morning, but Tony _______.

  1. isn’t    B. wasn’t    C. doesn’t    D. didn’t

(4) I like Sports News very much.   – _______.

  1. I like, too    B. I do, too    C. I don’t like, either    D. I don’t, either

(5) My father likes Sports News, but my mother _______.

  1. 去爬山:go to the mountains爬山:climb the mountains

去购物:go shopping

去看电影:go to the movies     看电影:see a movie = watch a movie

去散步:go for a walk     散步:take a walk

去图书馆:go to the library    去城市图书馆:go to the city library

  1. 待在家里:stay athome
  2. 为考试而学习:study forthe test = study forexams
  3. 举行派对:have aparty      举行晚会:have anevening party
  4. 阅读:do some reading
  5. 去海滩:go to the beach   (beach变复数+es)
  6. 练习英语:practice English

句型:练习做某事:practice doing sth

  1. 过了一个繁忙的某末:have a busy weekend   (此处的have翻译为“度过”)
  2. 一本关于历史的书:a book abouthistory    (此处的about翻译为“关于”,= on)
  3. 某人某地:takesb to sp
  4. 乘车去某地:go to sp by car(car前无其他单词,“乘”用by)

= go to sp in their car   (car前有其他单词,“乘”用in)

  1. (1) last   最后的;在最后一张照片里:in the lastphoto

(2) last   上一个;上个星期:last week  上个月:last month  去年:last year

  1. (1) spend   度过;  如:How do you spendyour summer holidays?

(2) spend   花费;  如:He spent two hours cleaning his room.

  1. (1) for  对…来说;  如:大多数的孩子来说formost kids

(2) for  为,给;  如:我烧晚饭:cook dinner for me

Unit10 Where did you go on vacation?

  1. --你去了哪里度假?-- Where didyou goon vacation?   (go是实义动词,前用did引导)

--我去了夏令营。-- I went to summer camp.

--你玩得开心吗?-- Did you have a good time?   (have是实义动词,前用did引导)

--是的。Yes, I did.

度假:on vacation    for one’s vacation   如:She went to Shanghai for her vacation.

玩得开心:have a good time = have fun

  1. 我们很高兴在水里玩:We had great fun playingin the water.

句型:很高兴做某事:have (great) fun doing sth

在水里:in the water   (介词用in)

  1. 它有点无聊:It was kind ofboring.

有点:kind of = a little

  1. 我发现一个小男孩正在角落里哭:I found a small boy cryingin the corner.

句型:发现某人正在做某事:find sb doing sth

句型:听见某人正在做某事:hear sb doing sth

在角落里in the corner   (介词用in)

在…的角落里at the corner of…   如:He stands at the corner of the classroom.

练:We found her sister __________ (read) English in her room.

  1. 他迷路了:He was lost.

(1) lost   adj. 迷路的;前面常加be动词。

(2) lost   v. 丢失lose的过去式;  如:He lost his way.

  1. 那让我感觉很高兴:That made me feelvery happy.

句型:让某人做某事:make sb do sth = let sb do sth

感觉很高兴:feel very happy

练:The funny story makes us _________ (laugh) a lot.

Let’s __________ (讨论) this question first.

  1. 我们决定走着回宾馆:We decided to walkback to the hotel.

句型:决定做某事:decide to do sth.

走着回宾馆:walk back to the hotel

练:His father decided __________ (buy) a new computer for him.

  1. 考与“一般过去时”配套使用的时间:

(1) – Was your father at work _______?   -- Yes, he was.

  1. last week    B. every month    C. this year    D. next Monday

(2) – When did you see him?   -- _______.

  1. Next Monday    B. Two hours    C. In an hour    D. An hour ago
  2. 去纽约市:go to New York City    (go的过去式went)

去夏令营:go to summer camp

去博物馆:go to the museum     参观博物馆:visit the museum

去中心公园:go to Central Park

  1. 为考试而学习:study for exams    (study的过去式studied)
  2. 什么也没有做:do nothing(nothing指“什么也没有”)

练:-- Do you have anything else to say about the trip?   -- No, _______.

  1. anything    B. nothing    C. something    D. everything
  2. 整天:all day    整夜:all night    整日整夜:all day andall night
  3. (1) look for   寻找(强调“找”这个过程);

(2) find     找到(强调“找到”这个结果);

如:He looked for his English book, but he didn’t find it.

  1. (1) friendly   友好的;

(2) unfriendly   不友好的;= not friendly

Unit11 What do you think of game shows?

  1. --你认为某人/某东西怎么样?-- Whatdo you think ofsb/sth?  (后是think of, 前用What)

= How do you like sb/sth?  (后是like, 前用How)

--①我认为某人是…的。-- (I think) sb is/are+用于评价人的“内在品质”的形容词。

我认为某东西是…的。-- (I think) sth is/are+形容词 (如interesting, relaxing, exciting)。

--②我不能忍受他。-- I can’t stand him.     我介意她。-- I don't mind her.

我爱(喜欢)他们。-- I love(like) them.     我不爱(喜欢)它。-- I don't love(like) it.

与第6单元比较(对外表提问)

-- What does Tina look like?   -- She is _______.

  1. shy    B. clever    C. medium height    D. heavy

练:(1) -- _______ do you like sports shows?  -- I like them very much.

(2) -- _______ does Yao Ming look like?   -- He is tall and strong.

  1. 你能帮我吗?Can you help me?

语法:动词后的“人称代词”用宾格

练:His brother bought some new books, he likes _______ very much.

  1. it    B. them    C. they    D. me
  2. 用于评价人的“外表”的形容词主要有(见Unit7):

(1) tall, be of medium height, short;

(2) heavy/fat, be of medium build, thin;

(3) beautiful, ugly, cute, lovely, cool, scary;

用于评价人的“内在品质”的形容词主要有:

smart, clever, friendly, shy, quiet, lazy, popular等。

  1. 阿伦是一个8岁的男孩。-- Alan is aneight-year-oldboy.

比较:阿伦8岁。-- Alan is eight years old.

点拨:(1)当“几岁”后有名词如“boy/girl”时,“几岁”用“连字符”相连,且year不加s;

(2)当“几岁”后无名词时,“几岁”不用“连字符”相连,岁数大于1,year加s;

  1. 欢迎来到9点钟的周末谈话节目:Welcome to9 o’clock Weekend talk show.

欢迎来某地:welcome to sp.

  1. 烧饭是妈妈们的事:Cooking is formoms.

围巾是给妈妈们的:The scarf is for moms.

  1. 谢谢你加入我们:Thank you for joiningus.

句型:感谢做某事:Thanks for doing sth.

  1. 每个学生六样东西然后问他们关于每一个东西:

I showed each student six things and asked them about each one.

把某东西给某人看:show sb sth   (show翻译为“展示给…看”)

每一…:each   如:每个学生:each student

  1. 他们喜欢的和不喜欢的:Here aretheir likes and dislikes.
  2. 我不能忍受老人不能漂亮的想法:I can’t stand the idea that old people can’t bebeautiful.

我想要年轻和漂亮:I want to be young and beautiful.

  1. 句型:介意做某事:mind doingsth

练:Would you mind ________ (open) the window? It’s too hot in the room.

  1. 实际上:infact   (介词用in)
  2. 询问某人某事:ask sb aboutsth
  3. 把某东西放进某地方:put sth insp
  4. 同意某人(的观点、意见):agree withsb
  5. 一个主意:anidea      一个好主意:agood idea

一篇文章:an article    看一篇文章:read an article  (“看书”的“看”用read)

Unit12 Don’t eat in class.

  1. 肯定的祈使句:(1) 实义动词原形+其他;    否定的祈使句:(1) Don’t+实义动词+原形;

(2) be动词原形+形容词+其他;            (2) Don’t be+形容词+其他;

(3) Let sb do sth.                         (3) Don’t let sb do sth

(4) No+Ving.

练:(1) My mother said to me, Tom, _______ in bed.

  1. not read    B. doesnt read    C. don’tread    D. didnt read

(2) Dont __________ (fight). = No __________ (fight).

  1. 不要迟到:Don’t arrivelate. = Don’t belate.   (arrive = be)

上课/上学不要迟到:Don’t arrive (be) late for class/school.

  1. 主语省略(无主语):Don’tarrive late for class.

主语不省略(有主语):We can’t arrive ;ate for class.

  1. 在学校我们必须穿校服:We have to wearuniforms at school.

句型:不得不/必须做某事:have to do sth   否定:不必做某事:don’t have to do sth

穿校服:单数:wear a uniform    复数:wear uniforms

练:(1)  I cant stop smoking, doctor.    For your health, I’m afraid you ______.

  1. can    B. may    C. must    D. have to
  2. 在我家里有太多的规矩:I have too manyrules in my house.

词组:太多…:too many…

  1. 我从来没有任何快乐:I never have anyfun.

(never译为“从来没有”,表示否定,否定句中表示“任何,一些”,用any)

  1. 不要大声说话:Dont talk loudly.

请大声说:Speak loudly, please.

  1. 他擅长于唱歌:He is good at singing.

句型:擅长于做某事:be good at doing sth

  1. 9. 表示“地点”的词组:

(1) 在教室里:in the classroom     在课堂上:in class

(2) 在走廊上:in the hallways      在学校里:at school = in school

  1. 10. 表示“时间”的词组:

(1) 下课后:after class    放学后:after school

(2) 在上学的白天/晚上:on school days/nights    比较:at night

(3) 到晚上10点钟之前:by 10 o’clock p.m.

  1. 11. (1) with  和;  如:He lives in Beijingwithmy parents.   (不能用and)

(2) with  戴着;  如:Do you know the fat man with a hat?   (不能用wears)

(3) with  有着;  如:It’s an old house with a beautiful garden.  (不能用has)

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