初中英语常考易混淆的知识点

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2020年6月27日19:08:51 6568字阅读21分53秒

        中考英语常考易混淆的知识点

  1. a second, the second

a second又一,再一,the second第……

He won the second prize.

  1. arrive, get, reach

arrive不及物动词,后接in (大地点),at(小地点),get不及物动词后接to,reach及物动词 arrive in Beijing,   get to Beijing,    reach Beijing

3.agree with, agree to, agree on

agree with同意某人,agree to同意某事,agree on在…上达成一致意见,主语是复数

agree with you, agree to the plan

4.after, in (表时间)

after接时间点,in接时间段    after 7:00, in five minutes

5.by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself

by oneself单独的,独自的,for oneself为自己,to oneself供自己用的,

6.between, among

between两者之间,三者或三者以上两两之间, among三者或三者以上之间

Switzerland lies between France, Germany, Australia and Italy.

7.family, house, home

home家,包括住处和家人,house房子,住宅,family家庭成员.

My family is a happy one.

  1. happen, take place

happen偶然性的没有预料到的事情的发生,take place必然性的发生

Great changes have taken place in my hometown.

9.in front of, in the front of

in front of范围外的前面,in the front of范围内的前面

in the front of the room sits a boy.

10.it, one

it同一物体,one同类不同一

I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.

11.ill, sick

ill做表语,sick定,表均可 a sick boy

  1. join, join in, take part in

join加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员;join in参加小型的活动, join sb. in;take part in参加大型的活动

He joined the army five years ago.

13.listen, hear

listen强调动作,hear强调结果 I listened, but I heard nothing.

14.look, see, watch

look看的动作,see看的结果,watch强调所看物体的变化、移动和发展watch TV

15.lie, lay

lie躺,位于(lay, lain),说谎(lied, lied),lay平放(laid, laid) lay the book

16.none, nothing, no one

none强调有多少,nothing, no one强调有没有,nothing指物,no one指人

--- How many…/How much…? --- None.

17.provide, offer都有“供给、提供”的意思,但用法和句型结构不同。

provide sb with sth 或provide sth for sb ;offer sb sth 或offer sth to sb

offer 指主动提供      provide 提供,供应,供给

The school provided food for the students.

She offered me a cup of tea.

18.used to, be used to

used to过去常常,be used to习惯于,后接sth./doing sth.;被用来,后接 do sth.

He is used to getting up early.

19.win, lose, beat

win后接sth.,反义词为lose, beat后接sb. win the game, beat them

20.want, hope, wish

want打算,想要,want to do, want sb. to do, hope希望(通常可以实现),hope to do/ hope that… wish希望(通常不能实现)wish (sb.) to do, wish sb/sth. + n. I wish you success.

21.worth, worthy

二者均为值得,worth后接doing,worthy后接to be done, of being done

It is worth visiting. = It's worthy to be visited. = It's worthy of being visited.

22.wear, put on, dress

wear和dress表状态,wear接衣服等,可用进行时,dress接人,be dressed in, put on表动作

It's cold outside. Put on your warm clothes.

23.名词的单复数

规则变化+s/es、不规则变化(mouse-mice)、单复数同形、同一词在不同意义下有可能可数有可能不可数

24、 all和both的用法

all三者或三者以上全部都,both二者都。all指整体或抽象事物时当做单数,指人时当做复数。both做主语时,谓语动词用复数。

25、 little几乎没有,修饰不可数名词

a little有一点,修饰不可数名词

few几乎没有,修饰可数名词

a few有一点,修饰可数名词

26、形容词比较级最高级

原级比较:…is as good as mine.

表示少于或超过另一方:fewer than, more than

易混淆短语:as well as也…既…

27、比较级常见错误:用much表强调时的误用

She looks more younger than I.(×)

She looks much younger than I.(√)

28、易混淆的介词短语

in all总共

after all毕竟

at all根本,常用在否定句中表强调

above all最重要的是,尤其是

29、一般现在时表将来的2种情况:

拟定或安排好的事情、一定要发生的动作:The train arrives at 10.

在时间状语从句、条件状语从句、让步状语从句中一般现在时表将来

30、常用句型:

It is adj. for sb.to do sth.

It is adj. of sb. to do sth.(形容词评价某人)

31.经常接疑问词+不定式的动词:

learn,ask,discuss,explain,know,remember,forget,understand,think,consider,decide.

如 I have to learn how to study English.

 

32、主谓一致

the number of+复数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数

a number of+复数名词时,谓语动词用复数

33、谓语动词就近一致:

either…or…/neither…nor…/not only…but also…谓语动词和靠近的主语一致(常考)

34、定语从句that/which的用法,通常可以互换,但下列情况必须用that

先行词是all,much,few,little,something等不定代词时

先行词有the only,the same,the very修饰时

主句是以which开头的特殊疑问句时

先行词既有物又有人时

先行词是序数词、形容词最高级时

35、so that 连用引导目的/结果状语从句

so adj./adv. /many/few+that:There is so little time that…

such adj.+名词+that:Kathy is such a lovely girl that…

36、反义疑问句速记口诀:

反意问句三要点,前后谓语正相反;
短句not如出现,必须缩写是习惯;
最后一点应注意,短句主语代词填

37、also用于肯定句,放在系动词、助动词、情态动词后

too&as well用于肯定句,放在句末(too用逗号隔开)

either用于否定句,放在句末

例:John also plays piano./He speaks French, and English as well./I want to eat an apple, too./I don’t watch TV, either.

38、become指身份和职位的变化

get+形容词表变得,多用于口语

grow表逐渐变成某种状态

turn+表颜色和天气的形容词,变得和以前完全不同

go+adj.从好的状态变成坏的状态

39、die of因…而死,表示内部原因如疾病

die from因…而死,表示外部原因如交通事故

40、be famous for以…出名(某种技能、某部作品)

be famous as以某种身份出名

be famous to为某人所知The writer is famous to us.

41、hear of间接的听说

hear about听到…的详情

hear from收到…的来信

42、keep doing sth.一直做某事,强调活动不间断的状态

keep on doing sth.一直做某事,强调客服困难持续坚持

43、sometime在过去或未来的某个时候

sometimes有时

some time一段时间

some times几倍、几次

 

44、used to do过去常常做某事

get/become/be used to doing sth.习惯于

be used to do被用来做某事

45、forget to do忘记做某事

forget doing忘记已做过某事

46、regret to do遗憾要做某事

regret doing后悔做过某事

47、mean to do 打算企图做某事

mean doing意味着做某事

48、need to do需要做某事

need doing需要被…

alive 活着的 I am still alive.

live  现场直播 Murray was a guest on a live radio show.

居住 live in the city

lively  活泼的 make his class lively and interesting

living  make a living/ a living room

  1. 50.

lonely 孤独 feel lonely

alone 独自 live alone

Though he lived alone in his small wooden house, he didn’t feel lonely.

along 沿着 walk along the street

  1. 51.

asleep 睡着的 fall asleep

sleepy 困倦的feel sleepy

  1. 52.

fall  落下,倒 fall down,fall behind 落后

fell  fall的过去式 (fall—fell---fallen)

feel -felt-felt 觉得 feel sleepy/tired---过去式felt

  1. 53

care:take care of

careful 形,仔细的be careful with fire

carefully 副,仔细地 listen carefully

careless 形,粗心的 a careless student

carelessly 副,粗心地drive carelessly

carelessness 名,粗心 Your carelessness led to the mistake.

 

54.

close 动词,关闭 close the door

形,亲密的 my closest friend

closed 形,关着的 keep the door closed

 

closely 副,密切地 work closely with us

 

  1. 55.

dead 形,死的 have been dead

die 动,死亡 die of hunger

death 名,死亡 the death of his pet makes him so sad.

  1. 56

hard 努力 work hard

hardly 几乎不 The boy hardly does his homework.

 

  1. 57

healthy 健康的  keep healthy

health 健康 it's good for your health

healthily 健康地 eat healthily

  1. 58

动词,躺,平放;位于:lie—lay---lain-lying

He likes lying on the grass.

Japan lies to the east of China.

说谎:lie-lied-lied-lying

lie 名词,谎言 tell a lie

动词,说谎 He is always lying to us.

放置;产卵:lay-laid-laid-laying

She laid the baby down gently on the bed.  她把婴儿轻轻地放在床上。

The cuckoo lays its eggs in other birds' nests.  杜鹃在其他鸟的巢中产蛋。

  1. 59.

noise 噪音We had to shout above the noise of the traffic.车辆噪声太大,我们不得不扯着嗓子说话。

sound 声音 We sat listening to the sound of the waves

听起来 The music sounds beautiful.

voice 嗓音 The singer has a sweet voice.

 

  1. 60

other 别的 ,加名词 other students

another 另一个 I don't like the pair of shoes, would you like to show me another pair?

the other 两个中的另一个,常用one…the other Here is a shoe, where's the other one?

others= other+名词

 

  1. 61

pleasure 名,乐意。

对方请求帮助—With pleasure.

帮助后对方感谢—My pleasure./ It's my pleasure.

pleasant 形, 修饰物 a pleasant trip

pleased 形,修饰人 I am pleased with the robot.

 

62.

raise 升起,及物动词,后面必须跟宾语 raise your hand/ raise the national flag( raise—raised—raised)

rise 不及物动词,后面不可以跟宾语 the sun rises, the price rises, the water level rises( rise—rose---risen)

 

  1. 63

safe  形,安全的 a safe place

safety  名,安全 Safety comes first.

safely  副,安全地 The plane landed safely.

save  动,挽救 save money, save his life

  1. 64

take 花费(时间),主语是物

How long does it take you to fly to Chengdu?

spend 花费时间或金钱,主语为人

He spent 10,000 yuan on the bike.

cost 花费金钱,主语为物

The flat cost me 1,000,000 yuan.

pay 花费金钱,主语为人

They pay 100 yuan for the shoes.

65.

wide 形,宽的 The river is 300 meters wide.

副,充分地 open his eyes wide

widely 副,广泛地 English is widely used all over the world.

  1. 66

have sb. do sth.让某人做某事,类似于make sb. do

Will you like to have him call you back ?

Have/get sth done 请人做

Her father had the book punished.

have sth to do 有……要做

I have too much homework to do today.

have done sth 做了某事 (现在完成时)

I have finished all my homework now.

67、介词across,over,through,past四个常考介词的区别

across横穿穿越,发生在物体表面

over跨过越过,发生在物体上方

through穿过,发生在某物空间内

past从旁经过

 

 

 

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