人教版七年级下册英语词组总结

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2020年7月4日10:30:47 18702字阅读62分20秒

Unit 1  Can you play the guitar?

 

1、1)弹吉他       play the guitar            2) 敲鼓      play the drums

3) 拉小提琴    play the violin            4) 弹钢琴弹的好     play the piano well

2、1) 下象棋      play chess               2) 踢足球           play soccer

3) 打篮球      play basketball

 

3、唱一首英文歌   sing an English song         歌手             singer

4、喜欢跳舞       like dancing                会跳舞           can dance

舞蹈家         dancer                    擅长跳舞        be good at dancing

5、说英语speak English/ say it in English        不要讲话  Don’t speak.

和某人谈论某事talk about sth with sb           告诉某人某事tell sb sth/ tell sth to sb

告诉某人做某事tell sb to do sth               告诉某人不要做某事 tell sb not to do sth

6、加入一个音乐俱乐部(表动作) join a music club

加入一个游泳俱乐部(表状态) be in a swimming club

7、擅长唱歌be good at singing/ do well in singing

8、 给某人展示某物show sb sth/ show sth to sb

带领某人参观某地show sb around sp.           一个脱口秀a talk show

9、我喜欢唱歌和跳舞。I like singing and dancing.

我不喜欢唱歌和跳舞。I don’t like singing or dancing.

10、表演中国功夫play  Chinese  kungfu

11、也also/ too/ either/ as well                12、老人之家Old people’s Home

13、呆在家中stay at home                       回家  go home/ get home

14、善于应付……be good with                   对……有益be good for

对……友好be good to/ be friendly to / be kind to

15、和某人交朋友make friends with sb        16、今天的故事today’s  story

17、帮助某人某事/ 做某事help sb with sth/do sth

在某人的帮助下with  one’s  help= with the help of sb

18、在周末on the weekend/ on weekends/ at weekends

19、教给某人某事    teach sb sth/ teach sb to do sth/ teach sb how to do sth

teach的单三    teaches                 老师   teacher

20、听音乐listen to music        音乐家musician        音乐的,悦耳的  musical

Unit2  what time do you go to school?

 

sectionA:

1、what time                               2、go to school

3、get up(late)

4、get dressed \dress+sb ,               put on或wear+衣服\ be in+颜色

5、brush (one’s)teeth                        6、eat\have  breakfast

7、take \have a shower

8、at about six thirty =at about half past six

9、an interesting job                         10、from …to…

11、at a radio station                        12、at night =in the night

13、that’s a funny time for breakfast

14、be late for                             15、on\at weekends

16、on school days

sectionB

17、in the morning\afternoon\evening               18、a quarter past three

19、a quarter to seven                            20、do (one’s)homework

21、go home                                    22、take a walk

23、go to bed early                               24、eat quickly

25、play sports =take exercise                      26、for+时间段

27、get to \get home ,get there

28、either…or…        eg:I either watch TV or play computer games in the evening.

29、watch TV                                   30、play computer games

31、It tastes good                                32、Have a healthy life

33、Here are your clothes                         34、It’s good for your teeth

35、Have time to do sth                           36、Make sb sth=make sth for sb

37、the sound of                                 38、have fun (in)doing sth

39、v:He exercises twice a day.

un:If you don’t take exercise ,you will get fat.

cn:Doing eye exercises is good for your eyes.

Unit3  How do you get to school?

1、 get to school  到达学校                      2、take the train 乘火车

3、take the subway 乘地铁                      4、 ride a bike  骑自行车

5、how do you get to school  怎么到达学校

6、ride the bike to school 骑自行车到学校                    7、walk to school 步行去学

8、 walk to , drive to  ,fly to

9、how long does it take sb to do sth花费某人多长时间做某事  10、ten  minutes-----how long

11、need about 10 minutes to get to school 需要十分钟的时间到达学校

12、 every day 每天                           13、ten minutes’ walk -------how far

14、how far is it 多远                          15、one hundred and five  105

16、 about= around 大约                      17、10 kilometers away from 十公里远

18、 good exercise 好的锻炼                   19、I’m not sure  我不敢确信

20、get home  到达家                        21、drive his car to work 开车去上班

22、in his father’s car 坐父亲的车

23、I want to know where Bob lives我想知道鲍勃住到哪

24、 what do you think of =how do you like 你觉得怎么样

25、crossing the river is  穿过河是

26、 it is easy to get to school=it’s+ adj. +for sb. to do sth. 到达学校很容易

27、there is 就近原则                         28、 between----and  在两者之间

29、the river run quickly 河水流的快

30、quickly 动作上     fast 速度上      soon时间上

31、on a ropeway 在索道上         32、 go on a ropeway to cross the river 坐索道穿过河

33、love to do  喜欢做某事         34. an 11-year-old boy一个11岁大的男孩

35、 ten minutes’ walk / a ten-minute walk 10分钟的路

36、leave for . 离开到某地        37、 be afraid to do, be afraid of sth / doing害怕做某事

38、 come true 实现             39、 be like a father to me 像父亲一样做某事

40、why ------because            41、 leave sth at/ on /in +地点 把某物留在某地

42、 why not +v原形            43、 thanks for +n /doing  sth为什么而感谢

44、how to do it 怎么来做它

45、at about 8:00 在大约8点

 

UNIT4  Don’t eat in class.

1、 arrive late for=be late for                   2、be on time

3、 run in the hallways                        4、 eat in the classroom

5、 in the dining hall                          6、 listen to music

7、 fight with                                 8、fight for

9、 have a fight

10、school/class rules                        11、a lot of rules

12、follow the rules                           13、break the rules

14、have to                                  15、 a uniform

16、be quiet                                 17、be noisy

18、go out                                   19、 practice doing

20、on school days/nights

21、bring…to…                              22、see friends

23、some of                                  24、too many/much

25 、leave sth.+地点                          26、make one’s bed

27、in the kitchen                             28、do the dishes

29、make breakfast                           30、before dinner

31、feel like doing                             32、remember doing/ to do

33、be strict in sth.                            34、  be strict with sb.

35、 good luck                               36、 lucky dog

37、keep one’s hair short

38、 learn to do

39、 learn from…                            40、 learn by oneself

41、 have fun doing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit 5   Why do you like pandas?

一、重点词组:

1、 kind of scary (= a little = a bit = a little bit) 有点儿吓人

2、all kinds of animals 各种动物

3、South Africa  南非     an (African) elephant 一只非洲象

4、 walk on two legs 用两条腿走路

5、 sleep all day 整天睡觉

6、 come from = be from 来自

7、 save the animals 拯救动物

8、get lost 迷路

9、a symbol of good luck 好运的象征

10、be in (great) danger  处于(极大的)危险中

11、cut down the trees 砍树      cut them down

12、 lose their homes 失去他们的家园

13、places with food and water 有水和食物的地方

14、be made of … 由…制成

15、 forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事    forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事

16、 over = more than 超过

17、kill elephants for their ivory (U) 为象牙杀死大象

18、 be friendly to 对…友好        make friends (with sb.) (与某人)交朋友

 

二、重点句型和语法:

1、 Let’s see the pandas first. 咱们先去看熊猫吧。

此处first为副词,作状语,表“首先”,前面无冠词the.

区别:He is the first one to get to school. 此处first为序数词,“第一”,前面要加冠词。

 

2、----Why do you want to see them? 你为什么想先看他们呢?

----Because they are kind of interesting. 因为他们有点有趣。

Why + 一般疑问句? 用来询问原因,一般用because引导的句子来回答。

注意:because表“因为”,so表“所以”,但他们不能同时出现在同一个句子中。

我们可以说:Because koalas are really cute, I like them a lot. 或者 The koalas are really cute, so I like them a lot.

 

3、Why don’t you like the cat? = Why not like the cat? 你为什么不喜欢这只猫?

Why don’t you + 动词原形?= Why not + 动词原形?用来提出自己的建议或征求对方的意见

 

4、 The elephant is one of Thailand’s symbols.  大象是泰国的象征之一。

one of +可数名词复数,表示“…之一”。

 

5、 We must save the trees and not buy things made of ivory. 我们必须挽救树木,不买象牙制造的东西。

此处made of… 是过去分词作定语修饰things.

区别:The desk is made of wood. 这张桌子是由木头制成的。

 

 

 

Unit 6   I’m watching TV.

 

1、 watch TV看电视                       2、read a newspaper 看报纸

3、 make soup 做汤                       4、 do some cleaning 打扫

4、go to the movies看电影                  5、 talk on the phone 通过电话聊天

5、eat out 出去吃饭                       6、drink tea 喝茶

7、 swimming pool 游泳池                 8、listen to a CD 听CD

9、 use the computer 使用电脑              10、wash the dishes 清洗餐具

11、 Not much. 没干什么                  12、join me for dinner 加入我吃晚餐

13、 see you then 到时候见                14、live with... 和......居住在一起

15、make zongzi 做粽子                   16、 watch ... on TV 在电视上观看......

17、 any other 任何一个其它的             18、 host family 寄宿家庭

19、 like ... a lot 非常喜欢                  20、 study for a test 为考试而学习

 

Unit 7    It’s raining

1、今天天气怎么样?

How is the weather today?                What’ s  the weather like today?

2、广州经常下雨。

It’s often rainy in Guangzhou.              It often rains in Guangzhou.

3、上海天气怎么样?(3种)  ——阴天/ 刮风/ 有雾。

What’s the weather like in Shanghai?        How’s the weather in Shanghai?

It’s  cloudy/ windy/ foggy.

4、Jim 的爸爸是个厨师。               Jim’s father is a cook.

他做饭很好。                       He cooks well.

他正在厨房做饭。                   He is cooking in the kitchen.

5、 做……给某人吃               cook sth. for sb.   /cook sb. sth.

我妈妈给我做了一些鱼。

My mom cooks some fish for me.     / My mom cooks me some fish.

6、厨具很贵。                        The cooker is dear/ expensive.

7、 我是Jim. (电话用语)           This is Jim speaking. = Jim’s speaking.

8、最近怎么样?很好/ 还行/ 糟糕。

How is it going?        Great!/ Not bad./ Terrible.

9、 在公园里   at/ in the park             去公园   go to the park

10、 在他朋友家   at his friend’s home

11、 那听起来不错。 That sounds good.

听起来你好像玩得很开心。          That sounds like you are having fun.

那听起来是个好主意。              That sounds like a good idea.

12、捎口信给他 take a message for him         留口信给他leave a message for him

得到口信get a message

13、你能帮我吗?      Can you help me?   /  Could you help me?

14、没问题     no problem

15、让某人(不)要做某事            tell sb. (not) to do sth.

老师让她打扫教室。               The teacher tells her to clean the classroom.

老师不让我们上课说话。           The teacher tells us not to talk in class.

告诉某人关于某事                    tell sb. (about) sth.

告诉我你的梦想。                   Tell me about your dream.

16、给我/ Tom回电话     call me back         call Tom back = call back Tom

17、做某事很高兴                      have fun/ a good time (in) doing sth.

他们在公园里踢球踢得很开心。

They are having fun/ a good time playing football in the park.

18、 做某事有问题                 have problems doing sth.

Lucy学英语有问题。            Lucy has problems learning English.

Tom说英语没问题。            Tom doesn’t have problems speaking English.

19、外面在下雨,是吗?           It’s raining outside, isn’t it?

他们在公园玩得很开心,是吗?   They are having fun in the park, aren’t they?

她能给我捎个口信,是吗?      She can take a message for me, can’t she?

你每天早上早起,是吗?        You get up early every morning, don’t you?

她不喜欢刮风, 是吗?         She doesn’t like windy days, does she?

20、每周六 on Saturdays = every Saturday        在周六on Saturday

21、 现在 right now = now

22、 感冒have a cold

23、 他每年去北京。              He visits Beijing every year.

我总是去看望爷爷奶奶。         I often visit my grandparents.

这是我第一次去洛阳。           This is my first visit to Luoyang.

公园里有一些游客。             Some visitors are in the park.

24、 在加拿大/ 欧洲   in Canada/ Europe

25、去夏令营go to summer school/ camp

26、 学英语学得好study English well

27、 学了很多learn a lot = learn much          学了一点/ 没学Learn a little/ little

28、 我的许多朋友来自美国。         Many of my friends are from the USA.

我的一个朋友来自美国。           One of my friends is from the USA.

29、 我很高兴又见到了他们。         I’m happy to see them again.

30、 坐在游泳池旁sit by the swimming pool

在海边散步 walk by the sea               站在河边stand by the river

31、 喝橙汁drink orange juice               两杯橙汁two glasses of orange juice

32、马上见! / 下个月见!/ 明天见!          See you soon/ next month/ tomorrow.

33、 她不在。 She is not here.  / She is not in.  / She is not at home.

34、 在雨天in the rainy weather   /  on rainy days

35、我在阅读。                          I’m reading (a book)/ doing some reading.

36、 戴着/上帽子                        wear a hat  /  put on a hat

37、我妈总是给我买俄罗斯面包。

My mother always buys Russian bread for me.

My mother always buys me Russian bread.

38、 你必须带书包回家。             You must take your schoolbag home.

你必须带书包去图书馆。           You must take your schoolbag to the library.

39、 许多男孩在雪里玩。             Many boys are playing in the snow.

40、 一个女孩在河上溜冰。           A girl is skating on the river.

41、一个男人在给雪人拍照。          A man is taking a photo of a snowman.

42、阳光下/ 在雨中/ 在雪中           in the sun/ rain/ snow

43、你暑假怎么样?                  How is your summer vacation going?

44、 我的手机没信号了(坏了)。 My phone doesn’t work.  / My phone isn’t working.

45、 给sb. 写信                     write (a letter) to sb.

收到sb. 的来信                   get a letter from sb. = hear from sb.

给sb.回信                        write back to sb.

46、在你的国家/ 在乡村               in your country/ in the country

47、这个外套对你来说很合适。        This coat is just right for you.

这个地方玩游戏刚刚好。           This place is just right for playing games.

48、工作努力/ 雨下得大/ 一道数学难题/ 一张硬床

work hard/ rain hard/ a hard math problem/ a hard bed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit 8 Is there a post office near here?

一、重要词组:

1、post office 邮局                         2、polic station 警察局

3、pay phone 付费电话

4、across from 在…对面                    5、in front of 在…前面

6、in the front of

7、go along(the street) 沿着(这条街)走      8、turn right/left 向右转/左转

9、on the right/left在右边/左边

10、spend time 花时间

11、enjoy reading 喜欢阅读                 12、live in 居住

13.on North Street 在北街   14、turn right at the first crossing 在第一个十字路口右转

16、near here 在附近                       15、 far from离…远

17、next to在…旁边;紧挨着

18、Excuse me! 打扰;劳驾

19、How can I help you?=What can I do for you?=Can/May I help you?需要帮忙吗?

20、around here =near here =nearby=in the neighborhood在附近

21、love to do sth喜爱做某事           22、walk (to)with sb 和某人一起步行(去…)

23、You are welcome =Not at all =That ’s all right 不客气

24、in our neighborhood 在我们街区          25、A noisy neighborhood 一个吵闹的街区

26、watch sb doing sth 观看某人做某事        27、get there easily 容易地到那儿

28、free time 空闲时间

29、shop (v.)=go shopping =do some shopping去购物

30、cross center street =go across center street 穿过中心大街

31、enjoy doing sth 开开心心做某事           32、enjoy oneself 玩得高兴

33、Time goes quickly!时间飞逝              34、be good at =do well in 擅长…

 

二、Asking ways:(问路)

1、Where is (the nearest)…? (最近的)…在哪里?

2、Can you tell me the way to…? 你能告诉我去…的路吗?

3、How can I get to…?         我怎样到达…吗?

4、Is there …near here/in the neighborhood? 附近有…吗?

5、Which is the way to…?      哪条是去…的路?

6、Do you know how to get to…? 你知道如何到达…吗?

 

三、Showing the ways:指路

1、Go straight down / along this street 沿着这条街一直走

2、Turn left at the second crossing =Take the second crossing on the left 在第二个路口左转

3、You will find it on your right    你会在你右手边发现它

4、It is about one hundred meters from here 离这里约一百米远

5、You should better take a bus   你最好最公车去

6、It is next to…/in front of…/behind…/between…and…

7、Go across the bridge    穿过桥

8、It is about 15 minutes’ walk  大约步行15分钟的路程

9、It is at the end of the street   在街道的尽头

 

 

 

 

 

Unit 9  What does he look like?

1、look like… 看上去像……             What does he look like?

2、short/long hair 短/长发                curly/straight hair 卷/直发

3、She is of medium height/build.

=She has a medium height/build. 她属于中等个头/身材。

a man of medium height/build. 一个中等身高/身材的男人

4、have/has long straight hair 留着一头长而直的头发

have/has short curly brown hair 留着一头短而卷曲的褐色头发

5、go to the cinema=go to the movies 去看电影

6、a little water 一点/少量的水  little water 几乎没有水

be a little late=be kind of late 有点晚

7、wear glasses 戴着眼镜

8、See you later . 一会见。/回头见。

9、a big nose 一个大鼻子              a small mouth 一张小嘴巴

a round face 一张圆脸              big eyes 一双大眼睛

10、 another student 另一个学生

another three chairs=three more chairs 另外三把椅子

11、 an interesting job 一份有趣的工作

12、 draw a picture of… 画一张…的图片

13、 tell him what the criminal looks like.告诉他罪犯长什么样.

tell sb.sth.=tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某事/给某人讲某事

tell sb. (not) to do  告诉某人做/不做某事

tell sb.+宾语从句  告诉某人…

14、 in newspapers 在报纸上             on television 在电视上

put it in newspapers and on television

put sth.+介词短语/副词 “把…放在…”

15、(in) the same way 用相同的方式

(in)this way用这种方式  (in)that way用那种方式

16、describe the same person differently 将同一个人描述的不一样

17、 in the end=an last=finally 最后;终于

18、 first of all 首先

19、 a short and heavy old man 一位矮胖的老头

20、 let sb. do sth 让某人做某事

21、---What’s his height?=What’s the height of him?=How tall is he?

---He’s two meters in height/tall.

22、---Is he tall or short?

---He isn’t tall or short. He is of medium height.

 

 

 

 

 

Unit 10  I’d like some noodles.

1、would like sth.                           2、would like to do sth.

3、would like sb. to do sth.                   4、a small/medium/large bowl of …..

5、 take one’s order                         6、 what size

7、 make a wish                            8、 blow out

9、 cut up                                 10、 come true

11、bring good luck to…                     12、get popular

13、 around the world =all over the world      14、green /black tea

15、 tomato and egg noodles                 16、 some mapo tofu with rice

17、 beef noodles with carrots =beef and carrot noodles

18、on her birthday                         19、The number of candles is…..

20、A great mumber of students are …….

21、a symbol of long life                     22、 good luck

23、You are a lucky dog.

24、Luckily,…. but unluckily, he can’t pass the exam.

25、 be different from                       26、all/many/ different kinds of

27、There are  many differences between….and….

28、be short of                             29、all of these birthday foods

30、in one go                               31、 Don’t worry.= Don’t be worried.

32、in different countries                    33、in the same country

34、make/let sb.do sth.                       35、 in /at the restaurant

36、in some places                          37、 a symbol of life

38、the person’s age                         39、put…. in….

40、the child with candy                     41、many people

42、birthday noodles / noodle restaurant        43、like to do/ like doing

44、orange juice                            45、put on your glasses

46、 a small one for two yuan                 47、the spider on your bread

48、in my porridge                           49、 special food

50、If it rains tomorrow, he won’t come here.

51、If he blows out all the candles, the wish will come true.    (主将从现)

 

Unit 11  How was your school trip?

 

1、 go for a walk 去散步                   2、milk a cow 给奶牛挤奶

3、ride a horse 骑马                       4、feed chikens 喂鸡

5、 talk with/ to  跟某人交谈               6、take photos 照相

7、grow apples  种苹果                    8、pick some strawberries 采摘草莓

9、go fishing 去钓鱼                      10、climb the mountain 爬山

11、show sb. around  带领某人参观         12、take sth. home 把某物带回家

13、watch the stars at night.  晚上看星星    14、visit a fire station  参观消防站

15、go on a school trip 进行一次学校郊游    16、play chess with 与某人下棋

17、draw pictures 画画                    18、 Lucky you! 你真幸运

19、learn a lot about 学到很多关于          20、 take the train to 乘火车去

21、teach sb. how to make a model robot      教某人怎样制作机器人模型

22、 come out 出来 出版                   23、be interested in 对某物感兴趣

24、in the countryside 在乡下               25、under the tree  在树下

26、last week  上周                        27、get cloudy 天变阴了

28、It’s so much fun. 它有趣极了            29、all in all

30、 quite a lot 非常多                     31、learn a lot about 学到很多关于

32、 too many 太多                        33、 too much 太多

34、have a nice weekend 度过一个愉快的周末

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit12  What did you do last weekend?

(动词短语用动词的过去式)

1、上周末/ 去年                 last weekend/ year

2、做我的家庭作业              did my homework

3、去看电影                    went to the cinema/ movies

4、去划船/ 野营/游泳/ 购物      went boating/ camping/ swimming/ shopping

5、在湖边宿营                  camped by the lake

6、去海滩                      went to the beach

7、 打羽毛球/ 网球/ 篮球       played badminton/ tennis/ basketball

8、第二天早上                  the next morning

在第一个晚上                on the first night

在一个寒冷的周六早上        on a cold Saturday morning

9、为英语考试备考              studied for the English test

10、在自然历史博物馆            at the Natural History Museum

在艺术馆                   at an art museum

11、那个小熊猫多有趣啊!      How interesting the baby panda is!

他跑得好快啊!            How fast he runs!

多好/ 坏的天气啊!        What fine/ bad weather!

多聪明的小男孩啊!        What a clever boy!

12、周末过得愉快!             Have a good weekend!

13、有点累                    kind of/ a little tired

14、熬夜观看足球比赛         stayed up late to watch the soccer game

15、一窝老鼠                 a family of mice

16、爬到他爸爸的背上         climbed onto his father’s back

跑进教室                 ran into the classroom

移进森林                 moved into the forest

17、冲一只猫大喊             shouted at the cat

18、再学一门外语是很重要的。 It’s very important to learn a second language.

19、做/放风筝                made /flew a kite

20、在游泳池里游泳           swam in the swimming pool

在河面上滑冰              skated on the river

21、报纸上有一些有趣的事。   There is something interesting in the newspaper.

22、 两年前                   two years ago

23、 以导游的身份而工作       worked as a guide

24、作为一个特殊的礼物        as a special gift

25、 坐长途汽车到……         take a long bus ride to…

26、 在乡下in the countryside         在市里in the city

在城里in town                  在欧洲/ 加拿大in Europe/ Canada

27、搭起帐篷/ 张贴电影海报     put up the tent  /   film poster

28、生火                      made a fire

着火/ 扑灭火               be on fire  /  put out the fire

29、在太阳下看书               read in the sun

坐在月光下                 sat under the moon

30、互相讲故事                 told each other stories

31、 吓了一跳                  got a surprise

32、 向窗户外/ 里看            looked out of/ into the window

33、上蹿下跳                   jumped up and down

34、如此…以至于… so … that…

那个小女孩太小了还不会自己穿衣。

The girl is so young that she can’t dress herself.

35、不要把那个婴儿弄醒。       Don’t wake the baby up.

36、我能听见他们在唱歌。        I can hear them singing.

蛇能感觉到在移动的物体。    Snakes can feel things moving.

我看见了一条蛇在火边睡觉。  I saw a snake sleeping near the fire.

 

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