中考英语时态典型例题解析

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2020年7月15日10:17:17 3796字阅读12分39秒

中考英语典型例题解析—时态

  1. Now my father________ his bike to work every day instead of driving.
  2. ride B. rode C. rides D. will ride

解析:C  由句意和题干的时间状语every day可知,横线处表示经常性的动作,所以用一般现在时。

  1. 2. What's his brother__________ ?--- He is a teacher. Hemaths at a school.
  2. taught B. has taught C. teaches D. will teach

解析:C  由题干中的谓语动词为现在时态可知,空格处表示现在的情况,因而用一般现在时。

  1. Edward, you play so well. But I________ you played the piano.
  2. didn't know B. hadn't known C. don't know D. haven't known

解析:A  根据句意“以前不知道但现在知道了”。暗含过去和现在的对比。

  1. Have you ever been to Shanghai, Mary?--- Yes. I_____ there for three days with my parents last month.
  2. have gone B. have been C. went D. was
    解析:D  根据last month可知用过去时,又因为for three days后面要用延续性动词,故而选D。
  3. Keep practising and you _________ your English.
  4. improve B. will improve C. improved D. were improving

解析:A  本句是祈使句,由and连接,用一般现在时。

  1. I want to know if you _______ hiking with us tomorrow.  --- If it ________ rain tomorrow, I will.
  2. will go; will not B. will go; doesn’t C. go; will not D. go; doesn’t

解析:B   第一空前的if意为“是否”引导宾语从句,根据tomorrow,用一般将来时;第二空的if意为“如果”,主将从现。

  1. I ______ with uncle and aunt because my parents have gone abroad for a holiday.
  2. stayed B. an studying C. have stayed D. stay

解析:B  由句意可知正在谈论当时的情况,用进行时强调动作的短暂性。

  1. The children _______ a PE lesson on the playground when it suddenly began to rain.
  2. have B. are having C. had D. were having

解析:D   when引导的从句从句用一般过去时,主句用过去进行时。

  1. Is that Mr. Green speaking? --- Sorry, he isn’t in. He _______ abroad on business.
  2. has been B. went C. will go D. has gone

解析:D  have gone to “去某处还没有回来”;have been to“去某处已经回来了”。

  1. By the time I reached home yesterday, my mother _________ the dinner already.
  2. had cooked B. has cooked C. was cooked D. cooked
    解析:A  横线所表示的动作在reached之前,是“过去的过去”,因而用过去完成时。

11.[上海中考考题]The medicine________ millions of people’s lives since it was put into use.

A.is saving B.will save C.has saved D.had saved

12.[河南中考考题]Everyone wants to reach the top of the mountain,but all the happiness happens while

you ________ it.

A.climb B.climbed C.are climbing D.have climbed

13.[山东济南中考考题]—Does Jimmy still work as a drivers?

—No. He has________ for two years.

A.left the company B.gone to Shanghai C.studied in college D.lost his job

14.[河北中考考题]Just go down this road and you ________ the library next to the bank.

A.see B.saw C.have seen D.will see

15.[湖北武汉中考考题] —Sorry,Tom. I can’t find the book you________ me.

—It’s OK. I don’t need it any more.

A.lend B.have lent C.will lend D.lent

16.[云南考题]—Can John play soccer with us,Mrs. Black?

—One moment,Please。 He________ on the phone to his cousin.

A.talks B.talked C.talking D.is talking

17.[广东考题] School violence(暴力)________ much attention of the whole society and people are

calling the government to make laws against it as early as possible.

A.drew B.will draw C.has drawn D.was drawing

18.[呼和浩特]—I have to be off right now.

—What a pity! I ________ you could stay a little longer with us.

A.thought B.am thinking C.think D.have thought

19.[江苏镇江] The engineers ________ a new computer in our classroom the whole yesterday morning,

so we had our classes in the school hall.

A.were fixing B.fixed C.have fixed D.are fixing

20.[辽宁沈阳]I think it is true that Jill _________ to work today because she is on a trip.

A.has come B.didn’t come C.is coming D.will not come

 

【答案点拨】

11.答案:C 句意:自从这款药品投入使用以来,它挽救了许许多多人的生命。由时间状语since it was put into use可知,句子用现在完成时,故选C。

12.答案:C 句意:每个人都想到达山顶,但所有的快乐都发生于你在攀爬的过程中。while引导的时间状语从句用进行时,故选C。

13.答案:C句意:“吉米仍然是一名司机吗?”“不。他已经在大学里学习两年了。”由for two years可知用完成时,动词要用延续性动词。故选C。

14.答案:D 句意:沿着这条街走,紧挨着银行你就会看到图书馆。在“祈使句+and+陈述句”结构中,陈述句要用将来时,故选D。

15.答案:D.句意:“真抱歉,汤姆,我找不到你借给我的那本书了。”“没关系,我不再需要它了。”由题意可知,“你借给我的那本书”是过去发生的事,用一般过去时。故选D。

16.答案:D【解析】根据上句 Can John play soccer with us, Mrs. Black,结合答语 -One moment, please 推测下句句意:他正在给他的表弟打电话;可知该句用现在进行时态:am/is/are+现在分词;因为主语是 He;故选D。

17.答案:C.现在完成时表示过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响或结构,它的结构是:have/has+过去分词,再由句中:people are calling on the government...可推断校园暴力已经全社会的广泛关注,强调对现在产生的影响,所以用现在完成时。故选C。

18.答案:A.根据语境推测设空处所在句子的句意是"我还以为你能够和我们多呆一会儿."结合句意判断设空处的动词"认为"发生在过去,即第一个人说话之前,所以句子用一般过去时.一般过去时的构成是:主语+动词的过去式; 故答案为A.

19.答案:A.根据"The engineers____a new computer in our classroom the whole yesterday morning"中的"the whole yesterday morning"及后句"we had our classes in the school hall"可知表达的意思是昨天上午我们之所以在学校礼堂里上课,是因为那个时候工程师们在我们教室里正在安装一台新电脑,所以是指过去一段时间内正在发生的事,要用过去进行时,其构成; 主语+was/were+doing.故选A.

20.答案:D 解析:由“因为她在旅行”可知,吉尔不会来上班,用一般将来时否定句,A和C表示肯定,B是一般过去时,不符题意,所以不选,故选D。

 

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