初中英语短语归纳

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2020年7月15日10:22:08 12550字阅读41分50秒

初中英语短语归纳.

A.look 短语

1.look at看----                7.look like看起来像

2.look for寻找                8.look through浏览

3.look up查阅,向上看         9.look into向—里看

4.look out向外看,小心        10.look around环顾四周

5.look over 仔细检查           11.look forward to期盼,期待

6.look after照顾,照料         12.look ahead向前看

B.put 短语

1.put up举起,挂起,搭建        2.put on穿上,戴上,上演

3.put away 把—放好             4.put off推迟,推延

5.put down把—放下,记下        6.put out扑灭,伸出

7.put into把—放进--,把—译成--  8.put one's heart into 全神贯注于---

C.get 短语

1.get up起床                   2.get off下车

3.get on上车,相处,进展         4.get over克服,恢复,原谅

5.get back回来,返回           6.get through接通电话

7.get along进展,相处           8.get into陷入--

9.get out 出去,离开            10.get together相聚

11.get ready for为—做准备       12.get married结婚

13.get in the way碍事,挡道      14.get to到达

D.give短语

1.give up放弃   2.give out分发    3.give away赠送,分发   4.give back归还

E.think短语

1.think of 想起,认为     2.think up想出,提出

3.think about考虑        4.think over仔细考虑

F.take 短语

1.take up 占据(时间,空间)       2.take after与(父母等)相像

3.take place发生                    4.take care小心,当心

5.take off 脱下,起飞                6.take out拿出,取出

7.take away拿走,带走              8.take down取下

9.take it easy从容,不紧张           10.take care of照顾,照料

11.take a rest休息一下               12.take a shower洗澡

13.take part in参加                  14.take pride in对—感到自豪

15.take a photo拍照                 16.take turns轮流,依次

17.take an interest in对—感兴趣       18.take a vacation去度假

19.take medicine服药   20.take an action采取行动

21.take a taxi打的      22.take one's advice接受某人的建议

Gkeep 短语

1.keep on继续                     2.keep out不让—进入,挡住

3.keep off使—不踏入               4.keep away from远离------

5.keep—down控制,抑制           6.keep healthy/fit保持健康

7.keep from隐瞒                   8.keep doing sth一直做某事

9.keep sb doing sth使某人一直做某事 10.keep sb from doing sth阻止某人做某事

11.keep up坚持,保持              12.keep in touch with sb与某人保持联系

H.turn短语

1.turn on打开                 2.turn off关闭

3.turn up调大,放大           4.turn down调小,关小

5.turn over翻转过来           6.turn left/right向左转/向右转

I.make短语

1.make up编造,杜撰,构成,组成    2.make a noise吵闹

3.make a decision做决定              4.make room for为----腾地方

5.make a face做鬼脸                 6.make mistakes犯错误

7.make the bed铺床                  8.make friends交朋友

9.make a living谋生,度日            10.make money赚钱

11.make progress 取得进步           12.make it    约定,成功,及时赶到

12.make sure务必,确保             14.make a plan制定计划

15.make a telephone call 打电话       16.make up one’s mind下决心

17.make sb feel at home使某人感到宾至如归18.make a contribution to为--做贡献

J.come短语

1.come over顺便来访           2.come true实现,达到

3.come out出来,开放,出版    4.come on加油,来吧

5.come back回来               6.come up with想出,提出

7.come in进来                 8.come along出现,发生,来到

9.come from来自,产自         10.come across遇见,(偶然)发现

K.on短语

1.on duty 值日,值班           2.on time准时,按时

3.on foot步行                  4.on vacation度假

5.on sale销售,出售            6.on TV在电视里

7.on display展出,陈列         8.on board在船上

9.on the Internet 在网上        10.on the radio在收音机里

11.on one’s way 在—的路上     12.on weekends在周末

13.on the other hand另一方面       14.on the left/right在左边/右边

15.on the phone用电话交谈,在通话   16.on the wall在墙上

17.depend on依靠,依赖,取决于   18.get on上车,相处,进展

19.work on从事,忙于,演算       20.put on穿上,戴上

21.turn on 打开                    22.try on试穿,试戴

23.pass on传递                    24.hold on稍等片刻

25.go on  继续                    26.decide on决定

27.concentrate on专心,专注       28.live on以—为生

29.spend-----on在---花费           30.come on加油,来吧

L.in短语

1.in all总共,共计             2.in class在班上

3.in English用英语             4.in short总之,简言之

5.in a hurry匆忙               6.in the end最后,终于

7.in the future 在将来           8.in time及时

9.in fact 事实上,实际上        10.in bed在床上

11.in hospital住院              12.in the way碍事的,挡道的

13.in this way这样              14.in red 穿着红衣服

15.in danger 处于危险中         16.in trouble处于困境中

17.in a minute 立刻,马上       18.in surprise惊奇地,惊讶地

19.in public 当众,公开         20.in general大体上,一般而言,通常

21.in common 共有的,公有的   22.in style时尚的

23.in good health身体健康       24.in front of在---前面

25.in the sun 在阳光下          26.in the past few years在过去几年时间里

27.in order to为了              28.in the past在过去

29.do well in在----方面干得好    30.major in 专修,主修

31.be interested in对—感兴趣    32.take part in 参加

33.be weak in在---差            34.take pride in以---而自豪

35.hand in上交,交纳          36.arrive in到达(大地点)

M.at短语

1.at once立刻,马上          2.at least至少

3.at most 最多               4.at last最后

5.at home在家               6.at noon在中午

7.at night在夜晚             8.at times有时,偶尔

9.at school在上学            10.at table在吃饭

11.at present目前,现在      12.at work在工作

13.at all全然,根本          14.at the age of在----岁时

15.at the end of在—结尾        16.at the moment此刻,现在

17.at the same time同时        18.at first首先

19.aim at旨在,目的是         20.knock at敲击

21.look at 看着                22.shout at叫喊,叫嚷

23.point at指着                24.arrive at到达

25.be good at 对----干得好       26.be angry at对---生气

27.be surprised at对---感到惊讶  28.laugh at嘲笑

29.arrive at(小地点)

N.up短语

1.give up放弃                     2.take up占据,占去,从事

3.put up举起,挂起,张贴,搭建    4.set up建立,创立

5.open up 打开,开阔              6.dress up乔装打扮

7.stay up熬夜,不睡觉             8.wake up醒来,唤醒,叫醒

9.look up向上看,查阅             10.cheer up 使----振作

11.end up以---结束,结果为---      12.go up升起,上升

13.hurry up赶快                  14.use up用光,用完

15.show up 出席,露面            16.stand up起立,站起来

17.make up编造,构成,化妆      18.think up想出,提出

19.cut up切碎                    20.pick up捡起,乘搭便车

21.mix up 混合                   22.call up打电话

23.grow up 成长,长大            24.ring up打电话

25.clean up把—打扫干净          26.fix up修理,修补

27.get up起床                    28.keep up保持,坚持

29.fill up装满                    30.send up发射

O.out短语

1.give out给出,分发             2.hand out分发

3.hang out 闲逛                  4.break out爆发

5.sell out 卖完,售完             6.look out向外看,小心

7.go out出去,熄灭              8.put out伸出去,熄灭,扑灭

9.keep out不使---进入            10.find out查明,弄清

11.run out用完,用尽            12.take out拿出,取出,带出

13.clean out 把---打扫干净,清除  14.come out出来,开放,出版

15.work out 产生结果,算出      16.point out指出

17.help sb out帮助某人解决困难   18.get out.出去,离开

P.off短语

1.get off下车    2.put off推迟,拖延

3.take off 脱下,起飞         4.go off发出响声,离开

5.turn off 关闭               6.cut off切断

7.set off 激起,引起,出发    8.break off突然中止,中断

9.keep off 远离,使—不踏入  10.run off迅速离开,跑掉

11.be off离开,走开          12.fall off落下,从---掉下

13.show off炫耀,卖弄

Q.for短语

1.wait for等待               2.look for寻找

3.pay for为---付款            4.care for关心,照料

5.stand for代表               6.leave for动身去某地

7.ask for请求,要求          8.prepare for为---做准备

9.provide-for为—提供         10.thanks for为---而感谢---

11.get ready for为----做准备    12.be famous for因----而闻名

13.be good for对---有益        14.be bad for对---有害

15.be late for迟到            16.be used for用来做------

R.with短语

1.agree with同意                2.play with与----玩,玩弄

3.share with与---分享---          4.come up with想出,提出

5.end up with 以---而结束        6.fight with与---打架

7.catch/catch up with赶上        8.be filled with----里装满----

9.deal/do with 对付,处理        10.provide-with为----提供

11.begin start with以—开始       12.get along/on well with与-----相处得融洽

13.argue with与—争吵           14.with one’s help在某人的帮助下

15.with the light on开着灯        16.quarrel with与---吵架

17.be busy with忙于--            18.be angry with sb生某人的气

19.be strict with sb对某人严格要求20.be popular with深受--的喜欢

21.fall in live with爱上-----        22.help sb with sth帮助某人做某事

23.compare--with与--相比

S.about短语

1.talk about谈论,讨论          2.worry about担心

3.care about关心,担心        4.learn about 了解关于----

5.think about 考虑             6.be excited about对---感到兴奋

7.be nervous about对----紧张    8.be serious about对—是认真的

9.complain about埋怨,抱怨

T.of短语

be afraid of 害怕--       2.be tired of厌倦--

3.be sure of确信--            4.be made of由---做成

4.be terrified of 害怕---        6.be fond of喜欢---

7.be careful of 小心--,当心---  8.be full of---里装满--

9.be proud of 以--而自豪       10.be confident of对---有信心

11.take care of照顾,照料      12.think of考虑,认为。想起

13.hear of听说                14.remind of使某人想起-----

15.dream of 梦想              16.run out of用完,用光

17.look out of 向---外看         18.because of因为, 由于

19.instead of代替,而不是      20.plenty of大量的,充足的

21.kind of 稍微,有点          22.all kinds of各种各样的

23.the number of-----的数量     24.a number of许多

25.hundreds of 数百---          26.thousands of成千上万的

27.in front of在----的前面       28.at the end of在---的尽头,在---末尾

29.a pair of一双/副/条-         30.a piece of一片/块/条/则------

31.a a set of 一副/串           32.a lot of许多,好多

U.be+adj/过去分词+介词

1.be interested in对—感兴趣        2.be surprised at对—感到惊讶

3.be famous for因—而闻名          4.be good at擅长于----

5.be angry with/at生—的气         6.be worried about担心----

7.be strict with/in对—要求严格      8.be proud of以---而自豪

9.be ready for为----做准备           10.be busy with忙于---

11.be popular with深受---的喜爱      12.be nervous about对---感到紧张

13.be excited about对—感到兴奋     14.be similar to与----相似

15.be different from与----不同        16.be filled with—里装满----

17.be used to习惯于----              18be afraid of 害怕---

19.be good for对----有益             20.be bad for对----有害

21.be friendly to对---友好            22.be relaxed about对---感到放松

23.be covered with被---所覆盖        24.be crazy about热衷于---

25.be fond of喜欢---                 26.be terrified of害怕

27.be full of---里充满---               28.be made of---由----做成

V.其它

1.after all 毕竟,终究         2.according to根据,按照,据----所说

3.because of因为,由于       4.as for至于

5.by mistake错误地           6.by accident偶然地,意外地

7.for example例如             8.for instance例如

9.instead of代替,而不是      10.thanks to幸亏,由于,因为

11.to be honest老实说,说实在的      12.to one’s surprised令某人惊奇的是--

13.to start with首先                  14.thanks for ----而感谢--

15.both---and两个都,既---又--        16.either---or或者----或者---

17.neither----nor既不---也不---         18.not only—but also不但----而且

19.not—until 直到-----才               20.so-----that如此---以至于---

21.as soon as一-----就----              22even though即使,尽管

23.would rather----than----宁愿---而不--- 24.what if如果—将会怎么样

25.too-----to ----而不能             26.so that以便,结果,目的是

27.teach oneself 自学                 28.enjoy oneself玩得开心

29.by oneself 独自                    30.help oneself to随便吃---

31.learn ---by oneself自学              32.hurt oneself伤害自己

33.by the way顺便说,顺便问一下      34.in the way碍事的,挡道的

35.on one’s way在去—的路上         36.in this way这样

37.in some ways 在某种程度上,在某些方面38.the way to去某地的路

39.pay attention to注意                40.look forward to期盼,期待

41.hold on to 继续,坚持               42.be/get used to习惯于

43.make a contribution to ---做贡献  44.prefer---------to----------相比更喜欢----

45.a few 一些,                  46.a little稍微,一点儿

47.a bit一点儿                   48.across from在----对面

49.all the time始终,一直         50.all year round 一年到头

51.all over遍及,整个             52.around the world 全世界

53.as---as possible尽可能           54.as--------as和---一样

5563.add-----to把---加到—上        56.be afraid to 害怕做某事

57.be in agreement与---意见一致     58.be willing to愿意做某事

59.just now刚才                    60.break down停止运转,出故障

61.break off突然中止,中断          62.break the rule违反规则

63.break out爆发                    64.be able to能,会

65.be supposed to被期望或被要求----   66.between—and在----之间

67.belong to属于                     68.cut in line插队

69.can’t stop doing情不自禁做某事     70.next to紧接着,相邻

71.day off 休息日,不工作            72.do chores做家务

73.do the dishes 洗盘子            74.do the laundry洗衣服

75.do some reading看书            76.do homework做作业

77.dream of/about梦想,向往      78.drop by顺便或偶然拜访

79.divide---into把---分成--         80.each other互相,彼此

81excuse me请原谅              82.go by(指时间) 过去,消逝

83.knock into与----相撞          84.feel like doing想要做某事

85.family name姓氏             86.first name名字

87.fall asleep入睡               88.fall in love with爱上----

89.fall into落入,陷入           90.fall ill病倒,患病

91.first of all首先                92.fill-----with用---装满—

93.go to sleep入睡               94.go home回家

95.go to school 去上学           96.go to a movie去看电影

97.go to bed 去睡觉              98.go to work去上班

99.go shopping去购物            100.go hiking去远足

101.have a headache头痛         102.have a look看一看

103.have a talk 谈一谈            104.have a cold感冒

105.have a great time 玩得开心     106.have fun玩得开心

107.have/get sth done请别人做某事108. have to 不得不

  1. hardly ever几乎不110.have trouble in doing sth做某事有困难

111.how/what about---?---怎么样?  112.had better do sth最好做某事

113.hear of听说                   114.hear about听说关于--

115.hear from收到某人的来信       116 hold on to继续,坚持,

117.here you are 给你             118.happy birthday生日快乐

119.host family寄宿家庭           120.how far多远

121.how long 多长时间             122.how soon多久以后

123.how often 多久一次            124.how many多少

125.how much多少钱,多少        126.how old多大

127.it doesn’t matter没关系         128.keep healthy/fit保持健康

129.later on 以后,过后            130.learn from向---学习

131.let sb down使某人失望或沮丧   132.from time to time偶尔,不时

133.leave for动身去某地           134.less than不到,少于

135.listen to 听---                  136.next to紧接着,靠近

137.not ---any more 不再,再也不   138.no talking 禁止谈话

139.more than 多于,超过          140.not at all一点也不

141.no longer不再,已不           142.not---in the slightest一点也不,根本不

143.out of style过时               144.play football踢足球

145.of course当然                 146.places of interest名胜古迹

147.pretty well相当好              148.watch TV看电视

149.play sports 做运动              150.phone number电话号码

151.prevent sb from doing sth阻止某人做某事 152.such as例如

153.quite a few相当多,不少        154.shake hands握手

155.rather than而不,非          156.right away/now立刻,马上

157.run away逃走                158.be in agreement意见一致

159.regard-----as---把---看作---      160.ride a bike 骑自行车

161.sleep late睡过头,起得晚      162.Why not-------?为什么不-----?

163.so far到目前为止             164.suit sb fine合某人的意,对某人合适

165.talk show访谈节目            166. translate-----into把---翻译成---

167.try one’s best尽力做-----        168.used to过去常常

169.stressed out紧张的             170.the same as与---一样

171.three quarters 四分之三        172.the day after tomorrow后天

173.wait in line排队等候           174.what about---? ------怎么样?

175.What’s the matter? 怎么了?    176.What’s the problem? 怎么了?

177.What’s wrong? 怎么了?        178.have two days off 休息两天

 

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