外研版初中英语词组固定搭配

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2020年7月22日12:47:01 9405字阅读31分21秒

外研版初中英语词组固定搭配

1. put down 放下
shut down 把…关上
cut down 砍掉
come down 下来、落下
slow down 减缓、放慢
sit down 坐下
write down 写下
get down 下来,降落
2. after all 毕竟.终究
after that 于是.然后
day after day 日复一日地
one after another 相继.挨次
soon after 不久以后
the day after tomorrow 后天
3. come up with 找到、提出
catch up with 赶上
wake up 弄醒、醒来
send up 发射
open up 开设、开办
grow up 长大
pick up 拾起、捡起
hands up 举手
eat up 吃光
clean up 打扫干净
give up doing sth.=stop doing sth. 放弃做某事
4. arrive at/in + n. 到达
get to +n. 到达
reach + n. 到达
arrive / get +adv. 到达
5. get…back 退还,送回去.取回
give back 归还
come back 回来
at the back of 在…的后面
on the way (back)home 在回家路上
6. at least 至少
at breakfast 早餐时
at desk 在桌前
at once立刻,马上
at school 在上学
at the same time 同时
at work 在工作
be good at=do well in 擅长
laugh at 嘲笑
not…at all 一点也不
at first 起初
at night 在晚上
at noon 中午
at the age of // when sb. was…years old 在…岁时
at last / in the end / finally 最后、终于
at the beginning of the twenty-first century 在21世纪初
at the end of 在…终点、结尾
at the moment // now现在
at the foot of 在…脚下
at Christmas 在圣诞节
at any moment 任何时候
at times(sometimes) 有时,偶尔
at the doctor’s 在医务室be bad at不擅长
7. for example 例如
for ever 永远
be good for 对…有益
be bad for 对…有害
for long=for a long time 长期
for short 简称
be short for 是…的简称
TV is short for “television”
8. come true 实现
come down 下来
come from=be from 来自,出生于
come in/into 进入,进来
come on 赶快
come over 过来
come along 走吧,过来,快点
come and go 来来去去
come up 上来
come out 出来,(花)开,(照片)冲洗出来
9. even though=even if 即使、虽然、尽管
10. be pleased with 对…感到满意
be covered with 被…覆盖
be expected to do sth. 被期望做某事
be proud of 以…自豪
speak highly of 称赞
be afraid of 害怕
hear of 听说(hear from sb.收到某人的来信)
of course=certainly 当然可以
plenty of= a lot of 许多
11. by the way 顺便说
by oneself 单独,独自
by the end of 到…为至
by the time (引起时间状语从句)到…的时候
one by one 依次
by air / plane 乘飞机
by bus / train / car 乘公共汽车/火车/轿车
catch a bus 赶公交车
get on / off the bus上/下车
take a bus to…=go to …by bus乘车去
12. do / try one’s best 尽力
do one’s homework 做家庭作业
do (the/some) shopping 购物
do the cooking 烹饪
do some cleaning 打扫
do the / some washing 洗衣服
do sport 做运动
do with sb / sth. 处理
well done 干得好
13. early in the morning 一大早
in the early spring 初春
in my early days 我幼年时期
early bus 早班车
14. make a contribution to 贡献给、捐献
make a telephone call to sb. // ring sb. up // give sb. a call //
phone sb.给某人打电话
connect…to…把…与…连接起来
be close to 靠近(某地)
give birth to 生(孩子)
lose to sb 输给sb .
15. either…or… 或者…或者…
on either side of the street 街道任何一边
on each side of the street 街道每一边
on both sides of the street 街道两边
16. keep doing sth. 不停地做某事(表示状态继续)
keep on doing sth. 坚持做某事(表示动作反复进行)
practise doing sth. 练习做某事
enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事
finish doing sth. 做完某事
go on doing sth. 继续做某事(同一件事)
17. go on to do sth. 接着做某事(另一事)
go straight along 沿着…一直往前走
go down 下降
go for a walk 散步
go over 复习
go shopping 买东西
go to the cinema 去看电影
go well 进展顺利
go off to 动身前往
go out 外出
go to work 去上班
go up 上升
want a go 想试一试
18. think about 考虑
think of 认为、想起、考虑、想到
think over 仔细考虑
think out 想出
talk about 谈论
worry about 担心
How / What about…?…怎么样?
19. borrow…from … 从…借…
lend…to… 把…借给…
from door to door 挨家挨户
from time to time 时时
from now on 从今以后
from then on 从那以后
be different from 与…不同
learn…from… 向…学习
20. get dressed 穿衣
get into 进入
get / be lost 丢失
get off / on下/ 上车
get on well with sb. 与某人相处得好
get out of 从…出来
get ready for +n. 为…做准备
get ready to do sth. 准备做某事
get / go to sleep (fall asleep) 入睡
be asleep 睡着
get warm 变暧
get well 康复
get a chance 有机会、得到机会
21. look for 寻找
wait for 等候
look after=take care of 照看
look like 看起来像
look over 检查,复习
look out 小心,从里向外看
look the same 看起来一样
look up 向上看,查单词
look around 环视
look forward to 期望
look through 温习,检查
22. set off 出发、动身
put off 推迟
keep off 避开、不靠近…
drop off 放下(某物)
turn off 关
jump off 跳离
take off 脱(衣),(飞机)起飞
23. half a kilo 半千克
half an hour 半小时
in half 分成两半
half of the day 半天
24. do eye exercises 做眼保健操
do morning exercises 做早操 take (more) exercise (多)参加体育锻炼
an exercise book 练习本
25. take part in 参加
hand in 上交
in hospital 住院
in surprise 吃惊地
in the sun 在阳光下
in trouble 处于困境
in a minute / moment马上
26. leave for… 动身去某地
27. feed on 以…为主食
live on 继续活着
base on 以…为根据
carry on 坚持、继续下去
and so on 等等
on the other hand 另一方面
on foot 步行
28. be famous for 以..著名
be excited about +n./V-ing 对…感到兴奋
be interested in 对…感兴趣
be born 出生
be busy with sth.=be busy doing sth. 忙于…
be amazed at 对..感到惊讶
29. move away 移开
move to (搬)移到
30. search the Internet 上网
31. make sure 确信
make a dialogue 编对话
make a mistake 犯错误
by mistake 由于疏忽
make a noise 吵闹
make faces 做鬼脸
make friends (with) 和..交朋友
make room for 给..让地方
make tea 沏茶
make money 赚钱
make a decision 作出决定
32. used to do sth 过去常常做某事
be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事
33. leave sth+介词短语 “把……忘记在某处”
34. forget to do sth. 忘记做某事
encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事
decide to do sth. 决定做某事
allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
35. hear sb. to do (doing)sth. 听见某人做某事
36. help sb. (to) do sth .//help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事
with one’s help 在某人的帮助下
with pleasure 乐意
37. the summer holiday(s) 暑假
the winter holiday(s) 寒假
38. step into 走进
pour into 倒入…
39. in the first 第一
for the first time 第一次
at first 起初
a firs t language 母语
first of all 首先
40. leave a message for sb. 给某人留条
give / take sb. a message 给某人捎口信
41. take photos / pictures 照像
take away 拿走
take out 取出
work out 算出
take care 当心
take medicine 服药
take one’s temperature 量体温
take one’s time 别着急
take a walk 散步
take place 发生
42. learn by oneself / teach oneself 自学
learn by heart 背熟
43. a year and a half (one and a half years ) 一年半
44. have a try 尝试,努力
try out 尝试、试验
find out / about 找出,查明
have a good / wonderful / great / time 玩得开心
have a (bad) cold (重)感冒
have a meeting / walk / watch 开会/散步/比赛
have sports 进行体育活动
have nothing / sth. to do with 与..无(有)关
have no idea 不知道
have (one’s) medicine 服药
45. offer sb sth. 给某人提供某物
46. win first prize 获一等奖
47. all over the world= around the world =throughout the world 全世界
48. all kinds of 各种各样的
49. neither… nor 既不…也不….
50. not only … but also … 不但…而且
both… and ……和…都
51. the more , the better 越多越好
52. all one’s life 一生
53. as soon as 一…就…
as soon as possible 尽可能早地、尽快
as well = too也
as much as 至多
as little as 至少
regard …as 把…当作…
as if 好像
54. no matter 无论…
55 ever since 从那以后,此后一直
56. so far 到目前为止
or so大约
57. another two hours (=two more hours ) 又(再) 2个小时
58. three times a week 一周三次
59. the number of… 的数量
a (large / good) number of / large numbers of / many 许多
60. less than少于 , less and less 越来越少
61. …is another way of saying… 什么是..的另一说法 Quick is another way of saying fast. Bike is short for bicycle.
62. not…until… 直到…才…
63. be like 像
feel like +n./V-ing 想要
like best 最喜欢 , would like to 想要
64. the 24 hour clock 24 小时制
65. wash away 冲走
run away 逃跑
take away 带走
66. before long 不久
long before / ago 很久以前
for long =for a long time 长期
no longer = not. .any longer 不再
67. more or less = about 或多或少,大约
more than = over 多于,超过
68. every year 每年
every four years 每隔四年
every other day 每隔一天
everyday English / life 日常英语/生活
69. next to 紧挨着
next door 隔壁,邻居
next year 明年
next time 下次
70. receive / get / have a letter from sb. = hear from sb 收到某人的来信
71. on show = on display 展览
72.be filled with / be full of 充满…
73. thank to =because of 由于
74. some day =one day (将来)某一天
all day 终日
day and night 日日夜夜
in a day or two 一两天内
in the old days 从前,旧社会
from day to day (day after day) 日复一日
the day before yesterday 前天
the day after tomorrow 后天
Tree Planting Day 植树节
Women’s Day 妇女节
75. keep / stop / prevent… (from) doing sth. 防止(阻止)…做某事
stop to do sth. 停下来去做某事
stop doing sth. 停止做某事
76. nice and +adj. = very +adj. 很,非常
77. a place (places) of interest 名胜
78. three quarters of the information on the Internet 因特网上四分之三的信息
two thirds of the books 三分之二的书
79. credit card 信用卡
80. the increasing population 增长着的人口
81. a path of travel 旅行路线
82. point at / to 指向
83. by sea = by ship 乘船
by the sea = on the sea 在海边
at sea在海上
84. set one’s mind to do sth. 一心想做某事
85. multiply…by… 乘以…
86. See you! 再见
You see. 你知道,你明白,你瞧
Let me see. 让我想想
see sb. off 给某人送行
see a / the doctor 看病
see sb . do / doing sth. 看见某人做某事
87. some…others 一些(人,物)…其他(人,物)
one…another 一个..另一个(三者或以上 )
one…the other 一个…另一个(总数二个)
88. be worn out 穿旧,磨坏
check out 核实,检查
write out 写出
take sth. out of 从…拿出/取出某物
89. in this way 用这种方法
in a few year’s time 几年以后
in space 在太空
in and out of class 在课内课外
in the last fifteen minutes 在最后十五分钟里
in the second half 在下半场
later in one’s life 在某人后半身
in the air 在空中
in the open air 在户外
90. give sb. an injection给某人打针 , get an injection打针
91. have been to 去过某地
have gone to 到某地去了
92. here + be+ 名词+ for+某人 ( Here is a letter for you. 这儿有你的一封信.)
93. be far behind +某人 (He is far behind others. 他落后于别人)
94. one of + adj. 最高级+复数名词
95. take +某物+with +某人 (You’d better take an umbrella with you. 你最好带上雨伞)
96. prefer to= like…better than 宁愿,更喜欢
prefer + V-ing (to do sth.) ( I prefer doing (to do) it myself .我喜欢自己做那件事).
Would / should 等情态动词 + prefer +不定式. (I would prefer to do it myself.我宁愿自己做那件事)
prefer +名词(v-ing) + to+名词 (v-ing) (I prefer learning English to playing football.我愿意学英语而不愿踢足球)
prefer +不定式(名词)+ rather than + 不带to的不定式, (I prefer to walk there rather than go by bus.我喜欢走着去那里, 而不愿乘车)
prefer + 名词(代词) to do sth. (We prefer her not to come.我们宁愿她不来)
97. 人+ spend +time (money) +(in) doing sth. (I spent over two hours (in) finishing my homework.我花了两个多小时完成家庭作业.)
人 + spend + time (money) + on +名词, (He spent 1,000 on the TV set .他花了一千元买电视机)
人 + pay + money +for +sth. ( He paid ten yuan for the book .他花了10元钱买那本书.)
It + takes (will take, / took…) + sb. + time (money) + to do sth. (It’ll take you only ten minutes to get there bybus.乘车去那里只花你10分钟)
物+ cost + (sb.) + money, (The dictionary cost me 20 yuan .我花20元钱买了那本词典)
98. do with + sb. / sth. (What have you done with the pork ? 那些肉你怎么处理了?)
99. mind + if 从句, (Do you mind if I open the window?我开窗你不反对吧?)
mind + V-ing, (Would you mind turning on the TV?打开电视你不反对吧?)
100. what…for? / why…? (What do you learn English for? = Why do you learn English?)
101. need + 名词 (v-ing), (The students need some help.学生们需要帮助.This pair of shoes needs mending.这双鞋需要修理)
102. “be used for+ 名词(v-ing),”被用来做.. (A writing brush is used for writing.)
“be used as+名词”, 被作为…使用 (English is used as the first language in none of these countries. )
“be used by+动作执行者”, 被…使用,

103. be made of 由…制造(This table is made of wood .这张课桌是木制的)
be made from由…制成 (This kind of paper is made from wood . 这种纸是用木材制成的)
be made in+地点, “某地制造”(These cars are made in Germany) be made by+人, “由谁制造的” (This kite is made byKate . )
104. more developed countries发达国家, less developed countries不发达国家, developing countries发展中国家
105. be worth + money (V-ing),值…钱.值得做…This car is worth more than two million yuan in China. This book is well
worth reading.这本书很值得一读.
106. the Summer Palace 颐和园
Tian’anmen Square 天安门广场
the Palace Museum 故宫
the Great Hall of the People 人民大会堂
the Temple of Heaven 天坛
the Great Green Wall 绿色长城
PLA 中国人民解放军
PRC 中华人民共和国
the Party 中国共产党
the League 共青团
Peking Opera 京剧
107. a digital camera 数字照相机
a doctor for animals = an animal doctor 动物医生
108. so + 形/副+that 从句 (The place is so cold that nothing can grow in winter .这地方太冷,冬天什么都不长)
so + many / few+ 复数名词 +that从句 (He has so many books that I don’t know which one to borrow. 他有那么多书,我不知道借哪一本)
so + much / little+ 不可数名词+that从句 (She has so little money that she can’t buy anything .她钱太少,什么也买不到.)
so+ 形容词 +a / an +单数名词 +that从句 (This is so good a book that all of us like reading it )
such +a / an+ 形容词+单数名词+ at从句 (This is such an interesting story that all of us like it)
such +形容词+复数名词+that从句. such +形容词+不可数名词+that从句 (It is such fine weather today that many childrenare playing outside)
109. tell sb about sth.告诉某人关于某事 , tell sb+从句, tell sb. to do sth.让某人做某事
tell a lie说谎 , tell a story讲故事 , thank you for +n ./V-ing 谢谢你… too + adj. / adv. + to + v.太…而不能, too
much(修饰名词)太多,过分 , much too(修饰adj./adv.)太
110. hope / wish+不定式(或从句), wish sb. to do sth. What do you mean by…?= What does… mean?…是什么意思?

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