2020年浙江省中考英语嘉兴试卷

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2020年8月7日10:14:02 18565字阅读61分53秒

2020年浙江省初中毕业生学业水平考试(嘉兴卷)

英语 试题卷

考生须知:

  1. 本试题卷分卷一(选择题)和卷二(非选择题)两部分。请考生使用规定用笔,将所有试题的答案涂、写在答题纸上。做在试题卷上无效。
  2. 全卷共9页,6大题。满分为120分。考试时间为120分钟。

温馨提示:答题前请仔细阅读答题纸上的"注意事项"。

说明:本卷共有两大题,40小题,满分60分。

一、完形填空(本题有 20小题,每小题1,共计 20分)

阅读下面短文,然后从各题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。

When you hear the word hero, you may think of someone like Mahatma Gandhi or Nelson Mandela. But there are also "everyday" heroes 一 they may not be  1  to the public, but they do what they can to help  2  people's lives as well. Everyday heroes are normal people who are working to make the world a better place. _3  them is Robert Lee.

Lee grew up in New York City. 4  his family was not rich, he learned from a young age the importance of  5  the waste of food. When in college, he was part of a student group that gave out leftover(剩余的)food to  6  people. This experience made him realize how  7  the problem of food wastage actually was.

After he left university, Lee and a friend set up a(n)_8_ called Rescuing Leftover Cuisine (RLC). Its purpose is to collect  9  food from restaurants and send it for free to shelters ( 收容所 )and food kitchens. Volunteers  10  the food from restaurants around the city and hand it out to those in need.

RLC operates  11 . Using an app developed by Lee's team, restaurants  12  how much leftover food they have each day. Then volunteers are sent to fetch it. The 13  is usually short, so volunteers can just do their deliveries (递送)by  14  from the restaurants to the shelters. Lee believes this is a quick way of delivery.

So far, Lee and his team have successfully  15  over 150,000 kilograms of food, serving almost 300,000  16  to people who need them. Lee has shown that a  17  action can help people around us greatly. 18  may have a greater influence than we imagine. When Lee is asked __19  his next plan is, he says there's still a lot to do. It's just the  20 . With more restaurants, who knows how much more we can do. "

  1. A. safe B. close C. friendly D. well-known
  2. A. record B. share C. improve D. manage
  3. A. Under B. Beside C. Among D. Opposite
  4. A. If B. As C. When D. Though
  5. A. storing B. avoiding C. burning D. recycling
  6. A. sick B. blind C. lonely D. homeless
  7. A. easy B. serious C. funny D. strange
  8. A. club B. school C. business D. organization
  9. A. cold B. cheap C. unsold D. uncooked
  10. A. pick up B. go over C. pay for D. throw away
  11. A. badly B. quietly C. simply D. slowly
  12. A. report B. notice C. discuss D. consider
  13. A. visit B. break C. meeting D. distance
  14. A. flying B. walking C. skating D. shipping
  15. A. saved B. heated C. lent D. grown
  16. A. jobs B. meals C. rooms D. seats
  17. A. small B. secret C. direct D. social
  18. A. It B. He C. You D. They
  19. A. who B. when C. what D. where
  20. A. need B. time C. promise D. beginning

二、阅读理解(本题有 20小题,每小题2分,共计 40分)

阅读下面五篇材料,然后从各题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。

A

FUTURE VIEW
 

It will be great if there is some kind of fuel(燃料)we can use in cars that won't produce any  pollution. I guess there are scientists right now trying to do that, and I hope they'll succeed because the world would be a much cleaner place, wouldn't it?

Charlie

 

I think it will be great if they invent something so that we only have to sleep for one or two hours every day. Then we'd all have much more time to do things and to enjoy ourselves. Life would be better, I think, and everyone would do a lot more with their lives.

Miguel

If I could choose anything, I'd go for a time machine so that I could go back and do some things differently. Of course, It will be great if there that's impossible— but wouldn't it be great if it was possible? I wish I could go back in time to when I was a kid and say some of the things in a different way!

Hannah

Well, of course, the best thing is medicine for rally bad diseases(疾病)A lot of scientists are working very hard to stop diseases like Ebola, a terrible disease that has killed many thousand people in Africa. So if they found a special treatment for Ebola, or a way of completely preventing it, life would be easier in so many places.

Isabella

I wish there was a machine that did homework! Wouldn't tat be fantastic? But I guess teachers wouldn't be very happy.

Georgina

  1. Why does Hannah want to go back in time?
  2. Tobe young again. B. To live a better life.
  3. To do something for Africans. D. To say some words differently.
  4. Who might be worried about the pollution of the world?
  5. Miguel. B. Isabella. C. Charlie. D. Georgina.
  6. In which part of a newspaper may this passage appear?
  7. Health. B. Science. C. Travel. D. Education.

B

Is there a connection between music and language? According to recent studies, the answer is yes: Music helps develop certain language abilities in the brain.

A study from Northwestern University shows that playing a musical instrument can improve a person's hearing ability. As a part of the study, two groups of people listened to a person talking in a noisy room. The people in the first group were musicians, while those in the second group had no musical training. The musicians were found to be able to hear the talking person more clearly.

Musicians hear better, says study leader Nina Kraus, because they learn to pay attention to certain sounds. For example, when the violinists play in an orchestra(管弦乐队), they must listen closely to what they are playing and ignore(忽视)the other sounds. In this way, musicians can hear certain sounds better, even in a room with lots of noise.

Gotfried Schlaug, a doctor at Harvard Medical School, works with stroke(中风)patients.

Because of their illness, these people cannot say their names, addresses, or other information normally However, they can till sing. Dr. Schlaug was surprised to find singing words helped his patients finally speak. Why does this work? Schlaug isn't sure. Music seems to be able to make different parts of the brain active, including the bad parts. In some way, this helps patients use those parts of the brain again.

So music is not only enjoyable, but also good for us in many other ways. Playing an instrument or singing, says Nina Kraus, can help us do better in school and keep our brain sharp as we get older.

  1. What were the people in the first group asked to do in the study of Northwestern University?
  2. Listen to different kinds of music.
  3. Make some noise in an empty room.
  4. Give the second group musical training.
  5. Find out what the talking person was saying.
  6. The writer uses the example of violinists in Paragraph 3 to explain .
  7. how musicians play in an orchestra
  8. how musicians ignore certain sounds
  9. why musicians have better hearing ability
  10. why musicians are not afraid of loud noise
  11. Gottfried Schlaug helps his stroke patients speak by .
  12. playing music for them B. getting them to sing words
  13. teaching them to play instruments D. joining the bad parts of their brain
  14. What is the main purpose of the passage?
  15. To introduce different ways of playing music.
  16. To give some advice about making our brain active.
  17. To show the relationship between music and language abilities.
  18. To share the results of recent studies on treating stroke patients.

C

It's late evening in the middle of the winter. The snow is deep, but off I go into the wild.

Suddenly, I hear it: the howl(嚎叫)of wolves. Excitedly, I walk faster in the direction of the howling.

I've been working as a volunteer wolf tracker in Yellowstone National Park for over a year It's my job to follow wolves to record information about them. Like wolves, however, I don't work alone. I'm one of a team of people who have been in a project to help reintroduce wolves to the park.

Humans have always feared wolves. From fairy tales to movies, the wolf is always the bad guy —a danger to humans and other animals. In the 1920s, the organizers of the park shared this view about wolves and made the decision to drive them away from the park. As a result, the number of elk (麋鹿)in the park increased. The elk started looking for food near river banks since they didn't have to worry about wolves. This, in turn, stopped trees from growing along the rivers, doing great harm to the environment there.

The return of wolves has already made a big difference. To begin with, the elk soon learned to stay away from the rivers, so new trees have been able to grow there. The trees become home to new wildlife, such as birds, and provide food for more animals.

The park is now becoming more and more popular with those who want to see wolves in their natural environment. It has also helped the local people make more money. Tourists visit the area, stay in the local hotels, and eat in the local restaurants.

Looking at the wild animals and the beautiful sceneries around me, I am amazed at the changes the wolf has made to Yellowstone. And happily, it is playing a good guy in this story.

  1. According to the passage, one of a wolf tracker9s jobs is to .
  2. catch wolves in the park B. feed wolves in the wild
  3. stop wolves from killing elk D. collect information about wolves
  4. Why did the organizers drive the wolves away from the park in the 1920s?
  5. The wolves were always howling at night.
  6. The elk in the park were in danger of dying out.
  7. The wolves had done great harm to the environment.
  8. The park was thought to be unsafe with wolves around.
  9. Paragraphs 4 and 5 are mainly about the _______ that wolves have brought to Yellowstone.
  10. risks B. troubles C. changes D. competitions
  11. What does the writer mean by the underlined sentence in the last paragraph?
  12. Wolves are important to Yellowstone. B. Yellowstone has been home to wolves.
  13. The wolf and the elk live in peace now. D. The number of wolves is growing fast.

D

Whenever Fm invited to somebody's house for the first time, I'll take a close look at their bookshelves. What they keep on their shelves, in my eyes, is a reflection (反映)of their personal tastes and interests. The books on a bookshelf tell the story of a life.

My own shelves are a kind of roadmap through my life, telling a chronological tale. First up come my favorite childhood reads, like Watership Down and His Dark Materials. The collection then moves on to teenage things I read in school — Nineteen Eighty-Four, The Handmaid's Tale and A Clockwork Orange. Finally, we come out of full-time education and enter the real world, and this part is a reflection of my professional (职业的)life, from the first exciting days of work experience to the present.

If you pointed to any book on my shelves, I could name the year I got it, where I was working, and probably where I was living at the time.

__ It is an easy way to get to know about his hopes, dreams and interests. And a big part of that story is how we arrange (排列)our books, and get on with them. Ifs such a personal thing, different from each other. Some want to be with their books in every room, others have them on shelves, behind glass or simply lining their floors. Each home has a story to tell through the way they live with their books.

It's often said that what we read says something about who we are. The way we fill our bookshelves might also send a message about ourselves. From the pile of books on your bedside table to your well-organized shelves, whether we notice it or not, our book collections are telling a story before a single page has been turned.

  1. The books on the writer9s own shelves are organized according to_________.
  2. their prices B. their writers
  3. his personal interests D. the periods of his life
  4. Which of the following is the best sentence to fill in the blank in Paragraph 4?
  5. Every book is worth reading.
  6. Each bookshelf holds a special dream.
  7. Book collections tell so much about a person.
  8. The books a person reads depend on his choices.
  9. The writer seems to agree that____________.
  10. we'd better not put our books on the floor
  11. the way we arrange our books shows our tastes
  12. the books at our bedside are usually more important
  13. we can know about a person by reading the message he sends
  14. It can be learned from the passage that the writer is probably__________.
  15. a book lover B. a story teller C. a shelf collector D. a fashion designer

E

It was last January, when I'd just finished a charity(慈善)and was on the train back home, that I put down my phone and started writing thank-you notes to people who had helped.

When I got off the train, I felt amazingly good. The next day, I wrote more thank-yous and the same feeling of happiness hit me again. I suddenly had the idea: Why not keep on doing this for every day of the year?

To keep on task, I decided to pick out a different theme for each month. January was charity.

February would be neighbors, I decided. And I thought of a number of names right away: the owner of our local bookstore, who let me and my little son in before the store opened and offered to play his favorite songs; our babysitter, who dropped off a bag of old board games for our kids to play;….

While wring the notes, I realized how often I had spent my time on the phone moving from app to app, appreciating(欣赏)other people's lives. Writing thank-you notes allowed me the time to do something different, paying more attention to my own life.

In the following months, I wrote to my friends, doctors, teachers and parenting role models. In July, my "food" month, I wrote to Julie, who used to cook at my favorite restaurant. It went like this:

Dear. Julie,

I've been finding myself missing you lately. Thank you for hosting and cooking beautiful and thoughtful food. Jake and I will never forget when you sent out biscuits shaped into the number VI for our sixth anniversary (周年纪念日). We talk about it every year.

Thank you. We miss you.

Love,

Gina

I was happy to receive a note back from her. Julie replied, "I don't think I've ever received such a touching letter before. I'm going through a hard time right now, and this helps. "

On December 31,I wrote my last card—to Jake, my husband, and our two kids. And I took a picture of us, so I could remember the feeling welling up inside me. Gratitude.

  1. The underlined word"this"in Paragraph 2 mean___________.
  2. writing thank-you notes B. putting the phone away
  3. taking the train back home D. raising money for charity
  4. How did Julie most probably feelafter reading the note from Gina?
  5. Shy and surprised. B. Pleased and relaxed.
  6. Nervous and excited. D. Moved and encouraged.
  7. The theme of the December notes might be"______________".
  8. photos B. family C. holidays D. community
  9. What did Gina get by doing hertask according to the passage?
  10. Many thanks from her neighbors. B. More time to appreciate her own life.
  11. More help from people around her. D. Happy moments to be with her friends.
  12. The best titlefor the passage can be__________________.
  13. My Thank You Year B. An Amazing Trip
  14. Happiness inside Us D. Important People in OurLife

卷二

说明:本卷共有四大题,32小题,满分60分。

三、词汇运用(本题有 15小题,每小题1,共计15分)

  1. 用方框中所给词语的适当形式填空,每词仅用一次。
bottle repeat silent yourself instead of
  1. Sam, did you really fix the computer by_______________.
  2. This city recycles nearly 85% of isused plastic__________________.
  3. I think you should ride your bike to work_______________ going by car.

44 He spoke no English and was completely ______________ during the visit.

  1. My grandfather often____________ that he wants to go back and live in the countryside.
  2. 阅读下面短文,然后根据括号内所给汉语意思写出单词的正确形式(每空一词)。

Hello, everybody. I'm Olivia. I'm glad to be here this afternoon. Do you have a friend with an interesting background? Today, I'd like to tell you about a   46  (活泼的)girl. I'll tell you a bit about her, where she's from, and why we're good friends.

You know, I didn't use to do much exercise. A few years ago, I joined a   47   (运动)club. On my fist day there, I met Raquel. After the gym, we had coffee   48  (一起)and soon became good friends. I think that's because we have a lot in common. We like to keep it and love to __49__ (尝试)different food, especially spicy food. And we love the ocean. In summer, we like to hang out at the   50  (海滩)ad go surfing at least once a month. Raquel was born in Mexico, but has been here since she was   51   (十)years old. Her mother is Mexican and her father is American, so she can speak   52  (两者都)Spanish and English. That's something different about us. Although I   53  (上学;参加)a class last year, my Spanish is still terrible! Another thing that's different is her background. Raquel's from two countries and has experience and __54__(知识)of two cultures. I think that's really   55   (酷的).

We might not live in the same city in the future, but I think we'll stay friends. Thanks for listening to me.

四、语法填空(本题有 10小题,每小题1,共计 10分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。

My brother Claudio is one of the people I love most. He is wise and always helpful, taking care of me and   56   (we) young sister, Sarah. The day when he left home to go to college, I __57  (teach) the importance of being a man.

It was a   58   (rain) Saturday morning in August. We were woken up by the sound of Sarah playing the piano as usual. In the kitchen, there was   59   surprise for Claudio——his favorite pancakes.

Mom gave us a big smile and told us   60   (sit)down for the breakfast. This was an important day for all of us!

While we   61   (eat) breakfast, Claudio went upstairs to collect his things. I suddenly heard him calling my name. When I walked   62   the room we shared, I found Claudio sitting at my bedside. "It's time, brother," he said. I thought he was saying that it was time for him to leave the house,  63   in fact he told me that I should take on a bigger role in the family from then on. He said I should do   64   (many)for Mom than before after he was gone.

I thought about his words very   65   (careful) and then understood everything. That day I learned about family, love and duty.

五、任务型阅读与表达(本题有两小节;第一节有5小题,每小题 2分,共计 10分;第二节有 1小题,共计 5分)

第一节 下面是英国植物园 Batsford Arboretum的宣传页。阅读该页内容,然后从方框中所给的A、B、C、D、E五个选项中选出符合各段信息的标题,并完成第66~70小题。

A world of trees, and so much more!

Built in the late 1800s, Batsford Arboretum is among the largest wild gardens in England, home to a collection of some of the world's most beautiful trees, bamboos, and shrubs. It's perfect for a peaceful walk beside the small rivers and pools.

__  _66    

l Early daffodils(水仙花)and a cherry collection in spring.

l The Handkerchief Tree and wildflower areas in summer.

l To smell the flowers of reds, yellows and golds in autumn.

l Ice and snow turn the Arboretum into a magical wonderland.

_____67     

l Batsford Arboretum is just one mile west of Moreton-in-Marsh on the A44. There are road signs all the way.

l The 1 and 2 Johnsons Excel-bus from Stratford-upon-Avon drops passengers at the end of our mile-long drive.

Visitor Information

______68      

We are open every day except Christmas Day. In bad weather we may close the Arboretum, so please call us on 01386701441 before setting out.

l Pets

Dogs are welcome throughout the Visitor Centre and the Arboretum but must be closely watched all times.

_____ 69      

Parking for cars and coaches is FREE. You'll find picnic areas near to the lower car parks. Sorry no picnics in the Arboretum.

_____70     

l Sign up to receive our regular email newsleters if you love Batsford;

l Check for the latest admission charges(门票价格)before you come.

Website: www batsarb.co.uk  Email: arboreum@basfordoundation.co.k

 

 

A. Opening times B. How to find us

C. Parking and picnics D. Keep in touch

E. A garden for all seasons

第二节 假设你是 David,打算今年夏天去 Batsford Arboretum游玩。请给植物园写一封简短的邮件,询问你想了解的信息,如用餐、门票价格等。

注意:(1)邮件中不得出现与你身份相关的信息。

(2)词数:30-50。邮件的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

  1. Dear Sir or Madam,

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

David

六、书面表达(本题有1小题,共计 20分)

  1. 在你校"劳动教育月"期间,校英语报发起了"A Helper at Home"主题征文活动。请结合自身情况,用英语写一篇短文投稿,谈谈你经常做的两项家务以及你的收获。内容要点提示如下:
What you often do at home What you have learned
◆ water flowers    ◆ cook meals

◆ wash the dishes ◆ look after pets

◆take out the rubbish ◆……

◆life skills

◆ responsibility(责任)

◆……

注意:(1)表格中的内容要点仅供选择使用,可适当发挥。

(2)文中不得出现与你身份相关的信息。

(3)词数:80~100。短文首句仅供参考,不计入总词数。

短文首句:I have always been a good helper at home.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2020年浙江省初中毕业生学业水平考试(嘉兴卷)英语参考答案

一、完形填空

  1. D 2. C 3. C 4. B 5. B 6. D 7. B 8. D 9. C 10. A
  2. C 12. A 13. D 14. B 15. A 16. B 17. A 18. A 19. C20. D

二、阅读理解

  1. D 22. C23. B 24. D25. C 26. B27. C 28. D29. D30. C
  2. A32. D 33. C 34. B 35. A 36. A37. D38. B 39. B40. A

三、词汇运用

  1. yourself 42. bottles 43. instead of 44. silent 45. repeats
  2. lively 47. sports 48. together 49. try 50. beach/beaches
  3. ten 52. both 53. attended 54. knowledge 55. cool

四、语法填空

  1. our 57. was taught 58. rainy 59. a 60. to sit
  2. were eating 62. into 63. but 64. more 65. carefully

五、任务型阅读与表达

  1. E 67. B 68. A 69. C 70. D
  2. 略。

六、书面表达

  1. 略。

 

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