人教版英语八年级上册第五单元知识要点

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2020年8月10日17:21:35 6622字阅读22分4秒

人教新目标英语八年级上册

Unit5  Do you want to watch a game show?

知识重点:

1、Do you want to watch a game show?

want vt. 想要,需要

I want a sweater. 我想要一件毛衣。

want to do sth 想要做某事

The boy wants to go to Taiyuan.那个男孩想去太原。

Want sb. to do sth.想要某人做某事

I want her to go to a movie with me.我想让她和我一起去看电影。

2、电视节目

talk show访谈节目(脱口秀)      game show游戏(娱乐)节目

soap opera肥皂剧                   talent show 才艺节目(达人节目)

sitcom(situation comedy)情景喜剧

3、What do you think of talk shows?(What does he(she) think of…?)

①What do you  think of …?= What do you like…?你认为(觉得)…怎么样?

表达询问某人对某事(某人)看法的句型,其think of后可连接名词、代词或动词+ing形式。

What do you think of shows?

What do you think of them?

What do you think of playing soccer?

该句型回答有多种形式,例如I don’t mind.(I love it/them. I can’t stand it/them.) 等表示个人好恶的表达。

②I don’t mind.我不介意。

mind:介意;在乎;反对。其后接名词或v-ing形式或从句作宾语,常用于疑问句、否定句、条件句中。(表示请求或征求意见)

Would you mind doing…?

Would you mind opening the door?

Do you mind…?

Do you mind my dog?

③I can’t stand it! 我不能忍受它/我受不了它!

stand: “忍耐;忍受”(多用于否定句、疑问句),后可接v-ing形式

can’t stand sth.不能忍受某物

can’t stand doing sth.不能忍受做某事

can’t stand sb.doing sth.不能忍受某人做某事

I can’t stand the hot weather.我忍受不了炎热的天气。

I can’t stand living here any longer.我不能忍受继续呆在这儿了。

He can’t stand her making the same mistake again.他忍受不了她又犯同样的错误。

4、Then let’s watch a talk show.

let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

5、Sally likes to watch the news or talk shows.

like to do sth. 喜欢做某事

6、Lin Hui thinks she can learn some great jokes from sitcoms.

learn from从……获得;向……学习

I learned a lot from my teacher.我从老师那里学到很多知识。

We should learn from each other.我们应互相学习。

7、Sally thinks game shows are more educational than sitcoms.

educational adj.教育的;有教育意义的

education(n.教育)+al→educational 多音节形容词,比较级、最高级在其前面加more、most

I think this movie is the most educational.我认为这部电影最有教育意义。

8、Sally loves watching soap opera. She plans to watch Days of Our Past tonight.

love to do sth. = like to do sth.  喜欢做某事 (表示一时的爱好);

love doing sth. = like doing sth.  喜欢做某事 (表示习惯的爱好);

如:I love playing chess very much, but I don't love to play at the moment.  我很喜欢下棋,但是现在不想下。

plan to do sth.计划做某事;打算做某事

We plan to have a birthday party for Mary. 我们打算为玛丽举办一个生日聚会。

类似还有:

hope to do sth.  希望做某事            happen to do sth.碰巧做某事     expect to do sth.  期望做某事          be ready to do sth. 准备做某事   try one’s best to do sth.尽某人最大努力做某事

9、Because I hope to find out what’s going on around the world.

hope vt.﹠n.希望

Don’t lost your hope!不要灰心!

hope to do sth希望做某事(能实现的理想)

They hope to take the plane to Beijing next year.他们希望来年乘飞机去北京。

find out查明;弄清(指通过调查、研究等方式查明事情的真相)

We shall find out the truth early or late. 我们迟早会查明事实真相。

Please find out when the ship sails for New York.请打听一下那艘船什么时候开往纽约。

go on发生

I don't know what's going on. 我不知道发生了什么事。

辨析:①go on doing sth. “(停顿以后)继续做某事”;“不停地做某事”即做原来在做的事情。

Now let’s go on writing. 我们继续往下写。

It’s raining, but the farmers went on working in the fields.

天在下雨,然而农民們还在地里不停地干活。

go on with sth.表示:“间断后做原来没有做完的事”后面跟名词,不能接动词-ing 形式。如:

After a rest, they went on with the work. 休息以后,他们继续劳动。

延伸:go on to do sth. 指“接着做另一件事”,即接下来做与原来不同人事情。如:

That’s all for the text. Now let’s go on to learn the grammer. 课文就到这里,现在我们接着学语法。

He went on to show us how to translate the sentence in a different way. 他接着教我们如何用另一种方法翻译这个句子。

around the world 全世界 all around the world 遍及全世界

10We had a discussion about TV shows.

discuss(讨论) 动词+ion→discussion 名词

Let’s discuss who is the best performer.让我们讨论一下谁是最好的表演者。

Did you have a discussion about the food and drinks?你们讨论食物和饮料的事了吗?

11I like to follow the story and see what happens next.

Why do you like watching the news?

 like doing sth. like to do sth

①当表示喜欢某事物,而且以前就喜欢,还可能持续,用like doing 。

如: He likes cooking in his house.

She likes singing.这些都可以表示一个人长期的爱好。

②当表示想要,欲做某事用like to do。

如: He likes to cook in his house.-他想在自己家做饭吃。

She likes to stay with us.-她想和我们呆一块儿。(以前想不想我们无法知道)。

延伸:类似的还有

stop doing sth. 停止正在做的事  stop to do sth. 停止一件事去做另一件事

forget doing sth. 忘记做过的事情  forget to do sth. 忘记要做的事情

remember doing sth. 想起做过的事情 remember to do sth. 想起要做的事情

happen v.“发生”, 不及物动词,后面不能跟宾语。常用“事情/事件+happen+状语”句式。

This story happened in 1977.这个故事发生在1977年。

12Wellthey may not be very excitingbut you can expect to learn a lot from them.

may 情态动词,“也许、可以、可能”, 常用于征求对方意见,后面跟动词原形。

You may go by bike or take the subway.你可以骑自行车或乘地铁去。

I may be back next year. 我可能明年会回来。

expect to do sth.期盼做某事

Jack expects to visit his grandparents this weekend.杰克期望这个周末去看望他的祖父母。

13、How about you

How about…?是一句常用的客套话,它后面可以接名词、代词或v-ing形式。

I’d like a cup of tea. How about you?

How about having some bread?(=Would you have some bread?)

I’m a teacher. How about you?

How about the weather in you city?

How about your father?

How about this car?

14Do you want to watch a movie?

watch a movie看电影

15、What is your favorite cartoon?你最喜欢的卡通片是什么?

What is your favorite…?是用来询问对方最喜爱事物是什么。其同义句为“What …do you like best?”

回答用:My favorite…is…

I like…best.

What’s your favorite book? =What book do you like best?

--My favorite book is Snow White.

--I like Snow White best.

16When people say “culture”, we think of art and history.当人们提起文化时,我们就会想到艺术和历史。

think of 有考虑;想起;有…想法;对…有意见等意思。在该句中应了解为“想起,想到”。

Does the poem make you think of spring? 这首诗有没有让你想到春天?

How many stars can you think of? 你能想到多少明星?

17When this cartoon came out in New York on November 18,1928,it was the first cartoon with sound and music.当这部动画片鱼1928年11月18日问世于纽约时,它成为第一部带有声音和音乐的动画片。

come out 在本句中译为“出版”引申为“问世”。此外还有“出来;(花)开出来”之意。

The book comes out this week.

Oh, look! The sun’s coming out!

18In the 1930s,he made 87 cartoons with Mickey.20世纪30年代,他制作了87部带米老鼠的卡通片。

in the 1930s 在20世纪30年代

in 1930 在1930年

19One of the main reasons is that Mickey was like a common man, but he always tried to face any danger.一个主要原因是米奇看是一个普通人,但总是尝试应对任何危险。

one of …后跟“可数名词复数”,表示“…之一”。其后的谓语动词用单数。

One of my favorite movies is Mr. Bean.

One of my best friends is Ann.

20、However, he was always ready to try his best.然而,天总是做好尽全力的准备。

①be ready to do sth 准备做某事

get ready to do sth. 与之同意,但前者强调状态,后者强调动作

Are you ready to start? 你准备好了吗?

Please get ready to start. 请做好开始的准备。

②try one’s best 尽某人最大的努力

其后跟动词不定式,即:try one’s best to do sth.

Don’t give up, Just try your best.

Come on! Just try your best to let your dream come out.

21People went to the cinema to see the “little man” win.

人们去电影院是看这个“小人儿”赢。

go to the cinema 也可译为“看电影”,类似表达有:

go to movies   go to a movie   go to see a movie

22、Today’s cartoons are usually not so simple as little Mickey Mouse.

现在的卡通片通常不像米老鼠那样简单。

not so…as “不像……那样……;不如……这么……

It wasn’t so good as last time. 这次不如上次好。

It is not so easy as you’d think. 这不像你想的那样简单。

23、Who has a pair of ears more famous than Mickey’s?

a pair of一双;一对 ,后跟可数名词复数,作主语时动词一般用单数。

shoes(鞋子),boots(靴子)gloves(手套),socks(袜子),earrings(耳环),chopsticks(筷子)trousers(裤子),scissors(剪刀),glasses(眼镜)eyes, legs

A pair of gloves is a nice present. 一付手套是一件很好的礼物。

24、Can you think of another cartoon character that is as famous as Mickey?

你能想到另外与米奇一样有名的卡通人物吗?

Famous adj. 著名的;出名的。同义词well-known,反义词unkown

①be famous  for “因……而出名“(表示某人以某种知识技能或特征出名,或某地以某种特产而出名)

The area is famous for its green tea.

He is famous for his great inventions.

②be famous  as “作为……出名”(表示某人以某种职业或身份出名,或某地作为……产地或地方出名)

Mark Twin was famous as a children-story writer.马克吐温作为儿童故事作家而著称。

The area is famous as a green tea producing place.这个地方作为绿茶产地而著名。

③as famous as与……一样有名

You might not be as famous as you think you are.

也许,你不像自己想象中的那么有名。

25、She dresses up like a boy and takes he father’s place to fight in the army.

她女扮男装,替父上战场打仗。

①dress up打扮;梳理     t

I’d like you to dress up for my birthday party tonight.

Young kids often dress up and have fun at Halloween.

万圣节前夜,小孩子通常乔装打扮。

②take one’s place代替;替换

Nam believes that no one can take Kin’s place in her heart.

家岚相信,在她的内心世界里没有人可以取代陆坚。

26、They did a good job in the movie. 他们在电影中表演出色。

do a good job干得好 ;干的出色

I’m sure you can do a better job next time.

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