中考英语考点冠词训练

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2020年8月13日17:33:53 评论 57 次浏览 9899字阅读32分59秒
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中考英语考点冠词

1.(2018临沂)The bed piano allows a music lover to play ______ piano while he is lying in bed.

  1. a              B. an
  2. /              D. the

D   解析:play the piano 固定搭配,乐器前要用定冠词the

2.(2019临沂)Berlin is _________capital of Germany.

A./                        B. a                       C. the

C  解析:柏林是德国的首都,the capital of 特指,只能用定冠词the。

  1. (2016东营)-Will you stay for _________ supper with us?

-Sure, I'd love to.  Home cooking is just what I like.

  1. a             B. an                   C. the                   D. /

D  解题思路:考查冠词用法。根据题意:您可以留下来吃晚饭吗?此处晚饭并非特指,并且不可数,所以前面不加任何冠词。难度★★

  1. (2016福州)﹣What do you usually have for breakfast?

﹣Some bread,________ egg and a glass of milk.(  )

A.a B.an C.the

B  解题思路:考点为冠词的用法。早餐吃一个鸡蛋,为泛指,被修饰词为egg,用an。难度★

  1. (2017临沂)This afternoon my grandfather bought a magazine and a newspaper. The magazine is in his bag, but he can’t remember where he put        newspaper.
  2. a B.an C. the D. /

C 解题思路:newspaper第二次出现,使用介词the。

  1. (2014广东)Eric is not going to Nanjing by____ plane. Instead, he is taking ____train.
  2. /; a        B. a; /        C. a; the        D. the; a

A  解题思路:考点为冠词的用法。By加交通工具中间不加冠词,take a train意为乘坐一趟火车,是泛指,所以用a。难度★★

  1. (2015广东)--Do you like _____ movie Big Hero 6 ?    -- Yes, it is _____ interesting film. I like it very much.

A.a  an   B.the  an   C.a  the    D.the  a

B  解题思路:考点为冠词的用法。Movie后面有限定词,所以用定冠词the;后面它只是众多有趣的电影中的一个,所以用不定冠词,且修饰词为interesting,以元音音素开头,所以选an。难度★★

  1. (2016广东)Brazil, ______country in South America, will hold 31th Olympic Games in the August, 2016.
  2. a; a B. a; the C. the; a D. the ; the

B  解题思路:考点为冠词的用法。巴西是南美洲的国家之一,是泛指,将会举办第31接奥林匹克运动会,序数词前面必须加定冠词the,所以选择B。难度★★

  1. (2019天津) I'm going to have________picnic on________Sunday

A.The, an    B an,the      C. a, /   D.an, /

C  解题思路:考点为冠词的用法,have a picnic, on Sunday均为固定搭配,难度★

  1. (2013广州)A: I enjoyed the performance very much.

B: Yes, it was really good. I think ________ boy in white was the best actor.

A: a                   B: an                 C: the             D: /

C  解题思路:考点为冠词的用法。Boy后面有限定词“in white”意为穿白衣服的男孩,所以此处为特指,要用冠词the。难度★

  1. (2015哈尔滨)What good news! Our school band (乐队)will play at Harbin Summer Concert in August.
  2. a        B. the          C. /

C  解题思路:考查冠词用法,被修饰的词是news,不可数,所以省略冠词a。难度★★

  1. (2016哈尔滨) Boys and girls, keep calm and be confident. I am sure all of you are __________ excellent students.
  2. an  B. a  C. /

C  解题思路:考查冠词的用法,此处根据句意判断:你们都是好学生,是泛指,因为被修饰词为复数,所以excellent前面不需要加冠词。难度★★

  1. (2013杭州)I think it’s really _________ hard work for me to finish the job in twenty minutes.
  2. a B. an C. the D. 不填

D  解题思路:冠词用法。此处work不可数,所以不能用不定代词修饰,排除AB,此处非特指,所以不需要用the,不填。难度★

  1. (2014杭州)Mycousin went abroad at_____ age of eighteen.
  • a an C.the D.不填

C  解题思路:冠词用法,at the age of…意为在…岁时,中间要有定冠词the。难度★

  1. (2014河北)Let’s take ______ photo! Everyone, cheese!
  2. a B. an C. the D. 不填

A  解题思路:考点为冠词的用法。先理清题意:让我们照个相吧,被修饰词为photo,且为泛指,所以选a。难度★

  1. (2016河北)I have _______ pet cat. It is so cute.
  2. a B. an C. the D.不填

A  解题思路:考点为冠词的用法。先理清题意:我想要一个宠物猫,是泛指,并非特指某一只猫,再看修饰词为pet,所以用不定冠词a修饰,选A。难度★

  1. (2013河南)She has got two cats now. ______ black and white one is called Rosie and ______

brown one Joseph.

  1. The; a             B. A; the          C. The; the        D. A; a

C  解题思路:考点为冠词的用法。先理清题意:前句话给了限定范围:她有两只猫。可知后面的描述均是在这个限定范围内的,所以都用特指,the。难度★★

  1. (2014河南)—What __heavy rain it was!

—Yes, but I love___ air after it rains. It smells so fresh.

  1. the; a    B. a; the      C. the; the    D. a; a

B  解题思路:考点为冠词的用法。先理清题意:这是多么大的一场雨啊,what引导的感叹句,rain当做一场雨讲时可数,所以用a修饰;我喜欢雨后的空气,这里是特指,所以用定冠词the。难度★★

  1. (2016河南)---Kate, are you only child in your family?

---Yes, but           new baby is on the way.

  1. a; the         B. an; the         C. the; a     D. the; the

C  解题思路:考点为冠词的用法。先理清题意:唯一的孩子,是特指,那仅有的一个,用定冠词the,一个新的孩子,是泛指,新孩子中的一个,所以选不定冠词,看被修饰词为new,所以选a,C。难度★★

  1. (2015菏泽)Jane is ________ 16-year-old high school student in ________ United States.
  2. a; the       B. the; a         C. a; /

A  解题思路:考点为冠词的用法。Jane是16岁女孩中的一个,是泛指,所以用a,美国国名the United States是特指,所以带the。难度★★

  1. (2016呼和浩特)--What,want I do for you,sir?

---I want_____iPhone6splus for my wife as_____useful gift.

  • an; a B.a,an C.an;the D.a;a

A  解题思路:考查冠词的用法,此处根据句意判断:二者均为泛指,根据被修饰词的不同,iPhone前面用an,useful前面用a,其音标不是以元音音素开头的。难度★★

  1. (2016黄石)— What did you do last night, Bob?[来源:学科网]

— First I did my homework, and then I played ______ piano for half ______ hour.

A.the;a B./;an C.the;an D.a;the

C  解题思路:考查冠词的用法,弹钢琴play the piano为固定搭配;半小时,因为被修饰词为hour,以元音音素开头,所以用half an hour。选C。难度★★

  1. (2013兰州)Do you know a spaceship flies at about nineteen kilometers ________ second?
  2. the B. a C. / D. an

B  解题思路:冠词用法。意为:一秒钟飞19千米,修饰词为second,不是元音音素开头,所以排除an。难度★

  1. (2016连云港)-Dong Guijun is _____ first man of Lianyungang to reach the top of Mount Qomolangma.

-He is _____ pride of us.

  1. the; / B. a; the C. the; the D. a; /

C  解题思路:考查冠词用法。根据选项可知:二者均为特指,“第一位登上珠峰的人”,我国的骄傲,所以用定冠词the。难度★★

  • (2019连云港)If you want to take ____ short ride in the city,choose ____shared bike.
  • a;/     B.the;the     C.a;a      D./;a

答案:C

解析:句意:如果你想要一个短途旅行,选择一个共享单车。第一处,take a short ride 固定搭配,可排除BD,第二空出,shared bike 是可数名词单数,所以选C。

  1. (2016南充)She usually hasegg and some porridge for      breakfast.
  2. an,the          B. an,\          C. a,the          D. a,\

B  解题思路:考查冠词用法。Egg被修饰词是以元音音素开头的单词,所以要用an修饰,在早餐吃什么,早餐并非特指哪一个,所以不用冠词。选B。难度★★

  1. (2015南通)Jack,American teacher,is arriving at our school by        car.

A.a;the        B.an;不填        C.an;the       D.a;不填

B  解题思路:考查冠词用法。一个美国教师,是泛指,被修饰词是American,所以用an。表示交通工具不需要加冠词, by car意为乘车,所以选择B。难度★★

  1. (2013青岛)-- Where are the ____ students?

--They are playing football with ____ students from Hilltop School.

A.boys,/        B.boys,the        C.boy,/        D.boy,the

D  解题思路:考查名词作定语+冠词。先理解题意,此处男学生变复数,形式为boy students,排除AB,后面students有修饰语“from the Hilltop School”,所以用定冠词the修饰。难度★

  1. (2014青岛)______ Father’s Day is coming. Jerry will buy a new wallet for his father.
  2. A B. An C. The D. /

D  解题思路:考查冠词。节日前面无需加冠词,Father‘s Day父亲节。难度★

  1. (2015青岛)Jack's hobby is to playchess
  2. a              B. an                     C. the                   D. /

D  解题思路:考查冠词。玩牌、游戏、棋类,中间不加冠词;表示“打(踢)球”、“参加(体育活动、比赛)”等。此时表示球类名词前不加冠词;表示“吹、拉、弹、演奏”,此时乐器名词前要加定冠词。难度★

  1. (2016青岛)David is ______ eight-year-old boy with short black hair. [来源:学*科*网
  2. / B. a         C. an          D. the

C  解题思路:考查冠词的用法,题中男孩的修饰语为8岁的,意为David是八岁男孩中的一个,是泛指,在根据被修饰词为eight,选出不定冠词an。难度★

  • (2019青岛)Qingdao is a beautiful city that lies in ______ east of China。
  1. An      B. /     C. The

【答案】C

【解析】句意:青岛是一座美丽的城市,位于中国东部。表示方向的名词前面不能用不定冠词 an; in the 方位名词 of,表示在…方向上,故答案为 C

  1. (2014陕西)I had unusual day on my last school trip.
  2. a                B. an           C. /            D. the

B  解题思路:考查冠词用法,先理解题意:一个不寻常的一天,是泛指,后面没有限定词修饰the unusual day,所以不是特指,在看被修饰词是unusual,以元音音素开头,所以用an修饰。难度★

  1. (2016陕西)Yesterday I saw film. It moved me deeply.
  2. a        B. an         C. the          D. /

A  解题思路:考查冠词用法。根据题意:昨天我看了个电影,是泛指电影中的一个,并且被修饰词为film,所以选a。难度★

  1. (2013上海)Perhaps the famous football star won’t play__________ football any longer.

A)a     B)an     C)the   D)/

D  解题思路:考查冠词用法,play football意为玩足球,中间无需任何冠词,固定结构。难度★

  1. (2016上海)The teenagers had good time in the summer camp in their sister school.
  2. a B. an C. the D. /

A  解题思路:考查冠词的用法,have a good time意为玩得很好,固定用法。难度★

  1. (2014沈阳)Newcastle upon Tyne is in _____ north-east of England
  2. a  B. an  C. the  D. (不填)

C  解题思路:定冠词的用法。表方位的前面要加定冠词,此题意为:在英国的东北部。难度★

  1. (2013苏州)一Hurry up,or we’ll be late.

一Take your time—it’s just______short distance from here to________cinema.

A./;the       B.the;a      C.a;the            D./;a

C  解题思路:考查冠词用法:别着急,从这到电影院只是一段很短的距离,此处形容distance,是泛指,cinema时特指,特指我们都知道的那家电影院,所以加the。难度★★

  1. (2014苏州)If we sit by___window of the train, we'll have better view.
  2. / ; theB,/ ;aC.the;aD.the; the

C  解题思路:考查冠词用法。Window后面有修饰限定语,所以前面用定冠词修饰,by the window of the train意为在车窗旁;better view就会有好的视野,是泛指,所以选择C。难度★★

  1. (2015苏州)Some small shops in Britain usually close for hour at        lunchtime.
  2. an; the B. a; 不填 C. a; the D. an; 不填

D  解题思路:考查冠词用法。中午休息一个小时,hour为被修饰词,所以用an,at lunchtime意为在午餐时间,并不是特指,所以不用冠词修饰。难度★★

  1. (2016苏州)Edward and William are brothers. There is uncommon similarity

between           two boys.

  1. an ; 不填              B. an ; the            C. a ; 不填        D. a ; the

B  解题思路:考查冠词用法。根据选项可知,第一个空填不定代词,再看被修饰词为uncommon,以元音音素开头,所以用an,后面“这两个男孩”是特指,所以用the。难度★★

  1. (2014天津)--- Mary, who’s______ woman over there?

--- She’s my aunt, ______ English teacher.

  1. the; the     B. a;the       C.the; an       D. a; an

C  解题思路:考点是冠词的用法。第一个空是特指那边的女人,所以用the,后面指她是一个英语老师,且被修饰词是English teacher,所以用an。难度★★

  1. (2015天津)--- Does your father go to work by ______ car every day?

--- No, he sometimes takes ______ bus.

  1.  A;the               B. the; a               C. 不填; a               D. a; 不填

C  解题思路:考点是冠词的用法。理解句意逻辑,by+交通工具中间不需要加冠词;后面乘坐公交车为泛指,所以加a。难度★★

  1. (2016天津)Tianjin is beautiful city in           north of China.
  2. a;a B. a;the C. the;不填 D.不填;the

B  解题思路:考点是冠词的用法。理解句意逻辑,可知天津作为众多美丽城市中的一个,是泛指,用不定冠词a,而坐落于中国的北方,是特指,故用the,所以选B。难度★★

  1. (2013徐州)—Lily, there is _________ schoolbag near the window. Is it yours?

—Yes, it is. Thank you!

  1. a            B. an             C. the             D. 不填

A  解题思路:考查冠词用法。此处意为:窗边有一个书包,为泛指,所修饰词为schoolbag,不是以元音因素开头,所以选用a。难度★

  1. (2013盐城)The house is very nice. Has it got ________ garden?
  2. /          B. a            C. an              D. the

B  解题思路:考查冠词用法。房子很漂亮,带花园吗?此处为泛指,另garden不是以元音音素开头的,所以用a修饰。难度★

  1. (2013扬州)---Excuse me, is there ________ book by Mo Yan?

---Yes. It’s on _________ bookshelf over there.

  1. a; /         B. a; the          C. /; the            D. the; a

B  解题思路:考查冠词。问句中“是否有莫言的书”,为泛指;回答中bookshelf后面有限定成分over there,所以用定冠词the。难度★★

  1. 46. (2019扬州)Look at________ boy over there. He looks excited.

-Yeah, he has won______ first prize in the school English Reading & Writing Competition.

A.a;the:   B. the;a   C. the ; the    D.a ;a

答案: C

解析: 第一空,在那边的那个男孩,特指,用the;第二空,序数词前用the。

  1. (2016益阳)It took me half _______ hour to finish my homework last night.
  2. a                B. an               C. the

B  解题思路:考查冠词用法。半小时的固定说法为half an hour,hour为原因因素开头的字母,所以用an修饰。难度★

  1. (2015长春)I think CimJereMa is ______ wonderful movie.It is worth watching.

A.a  B.an  C.the  D./

A  解题思路:考查冠词的用法,此处根据句意判断:是一个好电影,为泛指,被修饰词为wonderful,所以用a。难度★

  1. (2016长春)We will have ________ reading festival this term, and we can’t wait for it.
  2. a B. an C. the D. /

A  解题思路:考查冠词的用法,此处根据句意判断:这学期将有一个读书节,是泛指,所以用a。难度★

  1. (2013长沙)Mary was born in 1998 and she began to play _______ guitar at the age of seven.

A.a B.不填 C.the

C  解题思路:play+乐器,中间需加定冠词。难度★

  1. (2015长沙)–Jane Zhang is going to hold a concert here in July.[来源:Z.xx.k.Com]

-- Really? ________ exciting news!

  1. How               B. What an            C. What

C  解题思路:去掉主谓找名词,有名词的就是what引导,news是不可数名词,所以不用加不定冠词。难度★★

  1. (2016镇江)It's fantastic to work as volunteer for the Special Olympics World Games.
  2. a            B. an           C. the          D. 不填

A  解题思路:考查冠词用法。根据句意可知:成为志愿者中的一位,意为泛指,再看被修饰词为volunteer,不是元音音素开头的,所以选择a。难度★

  1. (2014重庆)I have ______ English dictionary and it helps me a lot.
    A.  a               B. an      C. the    D. /
    B  解题思路:考点为冠词的用法。我有一本英语字典,此处为泛指,被修饰词为English,所以用an。难度★
  2. (2016重庆)Mary wants to be ________ good doctor when she grows up.
  3. a B. an C. the D. /

A  解题思路:考点为冠词的用法。先理清题意:Mary在长大后想成为一位医生,即成为许多好医生中的一位,是泛指,所修饰词为doctor,所以用不定冠词a修饰,选A。难度★

  • (2017福建)Jack is such _____friendly boy.He gets along well with his classmate.
  • a    B.an   C. the

答案:A

【解析】

试题分析:句意:杰克是如此比友好的男孩,他和他的同学相处的很好不定司 an 表示某一类人或某事物中的任何一个,经常用在第一次提到某人或某时用不定冠词起今绍作用,表示一个。a 用于辅音音素前 an用于元音因素前。 such+/an+adj+名词单数,表示如止比的,又因为 friendly 是辅音音素开头,故选 A 考点:考查冠词的佣法。

 

 

 

 

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