初中英语语法数词讲解

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2020年4月2日13:00:40 2456字阅读8分11秒

一、 数词:

分类:数词基数词序数词两种。英语的数词可以作句子的主语、宾语、表语和定语。

一). 基数词:表示数目的词叫基数词。

1、 英语中常用的基数词有:

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

one

two

three

four

five

six

seven

eight

nine

ten

eleven

twelve

 

 

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

 

 

 

thirteen

fourteen

fifteen

sixteen

seventeen

eighteen

nineteen

 

 

 

 

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

 

twenty

thirty

forty

fifty

sixty

seventy

eighty

ninety

one(a) hundred

 

 

 

23

 

35

 

 

 

 

 

101

 

 

 

twenty-three

 

thirty-five

 

 

 

 

 

one hundred and one

 

1000→one(a) thousand,

10000→ ten thousand,

100000→one hundred thousand ,

1000000→one million,10000000→ten million,

100000000→one hundred million,

108→one hundred and eight, 146→one hundred and forty-six,

500→five hundred , 1001→one thousand and one, 1813→one thousand eight hundred and thirteen.

[注意]

(1)百位与十位之间要加and;十万位和万位,亿位和千万位之间通常也要加and。

(2)英语用千、百万等单位计数,大数字从右向左看, 每隔三位划一逗号,倒数第一个逗号之前要用thousand,倒数第二个逗号之前要用million,倒数第三的逗号之前要用billion表示。

(3) hundred、 thousand、 million作数词时,不用复数,前面可以加上one, two, …等其它数词。用作名词时复数表示“成…上…”,后面必须要有of,前面可以加上some,many,several等词。如:five hundred(五百), hundreds of(成百上千的), ten thousand(一万), thousands of(成千上万的), millions of(成百万的)

一). 序数词:表示顺序的数词叫序数词。

1、 英语的序数词基本变法:

(1) 一般在基数词后加th,

(2)-ve结尾的改为-fth,

(3)-ty结尾的改为-tieth,

(4)熟记特殊词。

2、序数词如下:

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th

6th

7th

8th

9th

10th

11th

12th

first

second

third

fourth

fifth

sixth

seventh

eighth

ninth

tenth

eleventh

twelfth

 

 

13th

14th

15th

16th

17th

18th

19th

 

 

 

thirteenth

fourteenth

fifteenth

sixteenth

seventeenth

eighteenth

nineteenth

 

 

 

 

20th

30th

40th

50th

60th

70th

80th

90th

100th

 

twentieth

thirtieth

fortieth

fiftieth

sixtieth

seventieth

eightieth

ninetieth

one undredth

 

21st

22nd

23rd

 

35th

 

 

 

 

 

101st

 

twenty-first

twenty-second

twenty-third

 

thirty-fifth

 

 

 

 

 

one hundred and first

 

1000th→one thousandth,  1000000th →one millionth.,

第703→the seven hundred and third,

第5480→the five thousand four hundred and eightieth.

3、注:

(1)两位以上的序数词仅个位数部分用序数词,其余部分仍用基数词。如:thirty-sixth,

(2) 使用序数词时一般加定冠词the. 如:I’m in the third grade.

(3) 序数词作“几分之几”讲时,有复数形式。如:1/5→one fifth ; 2/3→ two thirds ; 4/7→ four sevenths ; 1/2→ a half ; 1/4→a quarter ; 3/4→ three quarters ; 50%→ fifty hundredths ( fifty per cent).

4、数词的用法:

  • 表示年份:2002: twenty thousand and two ; 1976 : nineteen seventy-six.
  • 表示日期: 12月1日:1st或the first of December;2002年11月8日: Nov. 8th, 2002.
  • 表示时刻: 5:15→ five fifteen或a quarter past five ; 8:30→ eight thirty或half past eight ; 10:45→ ten forty-five或a quarter to eleven.
  • 表示编号:Room 105→Room one 0 five; Bus No.13→Bus Number Thirteen; P.5→Page Five; Tel.No.7658659→Telephone Number seven-six-five-eight-six-five-nine
  • 小数的读法:7→ five point seven,  0.16 →zero point one six.
  • 6、“半”的表达: 1/2→half, 半小时→half an hour, 1.5小时→one and a half hours或one hour and a half.
  • 序数词前面加the时,表示顺序,加a/an时表示“再一、又一”。如:The third lessonis rather difficult.(第三课相当难)/ Shall we read the text a third time?(我们把课文读第三遍,好吗?)

 

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