初中英语备考固定搭配及短语

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2020年9月7日09:24:00 评论 28 次浏览 8261字阅读27分32秒
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初中英语备考固定搭配及短语

一、接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的24个常用动词

afford to do sth. 担负得起做某事  agree to do sth. 赞同做某事

arrange to do sth.布置做某事      ask to do sth. 要求做某事

beg to do sth. 恳求做某事         care to do sth. 想要做某事

choose to do sth. 决议做某事      decide to do sth. 决议做某事

demand to do sth. 要求做某事      determine to do sth. 决计做某事

expect to do sth. 等待做某事      fear to do sth. 惧怕做某事

help to do sth. 协助做某事        hope to do sth. 希望做某事

learn to do sth. 学习做某事       manage to do sth. 设法做某事

offer to do sth. 自动提出做某事   plan to do sth. 方案做某事

prepare to do sth. 预备做某事     pretend to do sth. 伪装做某事

promise to do sth. 容许做某事     refuse to do sth. 回绝做某事

want to do sth. 想要做某事        wish to do sth. 希望做某事

注:有些不及物动词后习气上也接不定式,不接动名词: aim to do sth. 计划做某事 fail to do sth. 未能做某事 long to do sth. 盼望做某事 happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事 hesitate to do sth. 犹疑做某事 struggle to do sth. 努力做某事

二、接不定式作宾补的36个常用动词

advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事

allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事

bear sb. to do sth.忍耐某人做某事

beg sb. to do sth. 恳求某人做某事

cause sb. to do sth. 招致某人做某事

command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事

elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事

encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓舞某人做某事

expect sb. to do sth. 希冀某人做某事

forbid sb. to do sth. 制止某人做某事

force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事

get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事

hate sb. to do sth. 厌恶某人做某事

help sb. to do sth. 协助某人做某事

intend sb. to do sth. 计划要某人做某事

invite sb. to do sth. 约请某人做某事

leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事

like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事

mean sb. to do sth. 计划要某人做某事

need sb. to do sth. 需求某人做某事

oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事

order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

persuade sb. to do sth. 压服某人做某事

prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事

request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事

remind sb. to do sth. 提示某人做某事

teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事

tell sb. to do sth. 通知某人做某事

train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事

trouble sb. to do sth. 费事某人做某事

want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事

warn sb. to do sth. 正告某人做某事

wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事

注:不要受汉语意思的影响而误用以下动词句型:

汉语说:“惧怕某人做某事”,但英语不说fear sb. to do sth.

汉语说:“原谅某人做某事”,但英语不说excuse [forgive] sb. to do sth. 汉语说:“回绝某人做某事”,但英语不说refuse sb. to do sth.

汉语说:“惩罚某人做某事”,但英语不说punish sb. to do sth.

汉语说:“建议某人做某事”,但英语不说suggest [propose] sb. to do sth. 汉语说:“赞成某人做某事”,但英语不说approve sb. to do sth.

汉语说:“告诉某人做某事”,但英语不说inform sb. to do sth.

汉语说:“欢送某人做某事”,但英语不说welcome sb. to do sth.

汉语说:“坚持某人做某事”,但英语不说insist [persist] sb. to do sth. 汉语说:“希望某人做某事”,但英语不说hope sb. to do sth.

汉语说:“布置某人做某事”,但英语不说arrange sb. to do sth.

汉语说:“要求某人做某事”,但英语不说demand sb. to do sth.

汉语说:“感激某人做某事”,但英语不说thank sb. to do sth.

汉语说:“恭喜某人做某事”,但英语不说congratulate sb. to do sth.

汉语说:“阻止某人做某事”,但英语不说prevent sb. to do sth.

要表示以上意思,可换用其他表达:

汉语的“原谅某人做某事”,英语可说成excuse [forgive] sb. for doing sth. 汉语的“希望某人做某事”,英语可说成wish sb. to do sth.

汉语的“建议某人做某事”,英语可说成advise sb. to do sth.

汉语的“布置某人做某事”,英语可说成arrange for sb. to do sth.

汉语的“要求某人做某事”,英语可说成demand of sb. to do sth.

汉语的“感激某人做某事”,英语可说成thank sb. for doing sth.

汉语的“恭喜某人做某事”,英语可说成congratulate sb. on doing sth.

汉语的“阻止某人做某事”,英语可说成stop sb. from doing sth.

 

  • 接动名词(不接不定式)作宾语的34个常用动词

admit doing sth. 供认做某事  advise doing sth. 建议做某事

allow doing sth. 允许做某事  appreciate doing sth. 感谢做某事

avoid doing sth. 防止做某事  consider doing sth. 思索做某事

delay doing sth. 推延做某事  deny doing sth. 否认做某事

discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事  dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事  escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事

excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事  fancy doing sth. 想象做某事

finish doing sth. 完成做某事  forbid doing sth. 制止做某事

forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事  give up doing sth. 保持做某事

imagine doing sth. 想象做某事  keep doing sth. 坚持做某事

mention doing sth. 提及做某事  mind doing sth. 介意做某事

miss doing sth. 错过做某事  pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事

permit doing sth. 允许做某事  practice doing sth. 练习做某事

prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事  prohibit doing sth. 制止做某事

put off doing sth. 推延做某事     report doing sth. 报告做某事

risk doing sth. 冒险做某事  stop doing sth. 中止做某事

suggest doing sth. 建议做某事  understand doing sth. 了解做某事

 

  • 接如今分词作宾补的20个常用动词

bring sb. doing sth.惹起某人做某事

catch sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事

discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事

feel sb. doing sth. 觉得某人做某事

find sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事

get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事

have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事

hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人做某事

keep sb. doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事

listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人做某事

look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人做某事

notice sb. doing sth. 留意到某人做某事

observe sb. doing sth. 察看某人做某事

prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事

send sb. doing sth.使某人(忽然)做某事

set sb. doing sth. 使(惹起)某人做某事

start sb. doing sth. 使某人开端做某事

stop sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

watch sb. doing sth. 察看某人做某事

 

  • 接动词原形作宾补的11个常用动词

feel sb. do sth. 觉得某人做某事       have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事       let sb. do sth.让某人做某事

listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事   look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事 make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事   notice sb. do sth. 留意某人做某事 observe sb. do sth. 察看某人做某事  see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事

watch sb. do sth. 察看某人做某事

 

  • 接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相反的12个动词

like to do sth / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

love to do sth / love doing sth. 喜欢做某事

hate to do sth / hate doing sth. 憎恶做某事

prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth. 宁可做某事

begin to do sth / begin doing sth. 开端做某事

start to do sth / start doing sth. 开端做某事

continue to do sth / continue doing sth. 持续做某事

can’t bear to do sth / can’t bear doing sth. 不能忍耐做某事

bother to do sth / bother doing sth. 费事做某事

intend to do sth / intend doing sth.想要做某事

attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth. 试图做某事

cease to do sth / cease doing sth. 中止做某事

 

  • 接不定式或动名词作宾语意思不同的7个动词
  • remember to do sth. 记住要做某事  remember doing sth. 记住曾做过某事
  • forget to do sth. 遗忘要做某事  forget doing sth. 遗忘曾做过某事   (3) regret to do sth. 懊悔(遗憾)要做某事  regret doing sth. 懊悔(遗憾)曾做过某事
  • try to do sth. 设法要做某事   try doing sth. 做某事试试看有何效果   (5) mean to do sth. 计划做某事  mean doing sth. 意味着做某事
  • can’t help to do sth. 不能协助做某事  can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事
  • go on to do sth. 做完某预先接着做另一事  go on doing sth. 持续做不断在做的事

注:stop to do sth. 与stop doing sth.也不同,前者指停上去去做某事,后者指中止正在做的事

 

附录

  1. a bottle/glass/cup… of 一瓶/茶杯/玻璃杯
  2. a few 一些
  3. a kind of 一种;一类
  4. a little 一点;少量
  5. a lot of…(lots of…) 许多的
  6. a moment later 片刻之后
  7. a number of 若干的;许多的
  8. a pair of 一双;一副
  9. a piece of 一块(张;片;只)
  10. all day(long) 整天;一天到晚
  11. all kinds of 各种各样
  12. all one’s life 一生;终生
  13. all over 到处;结束
  14. all over the world 全世界
  15. all right 行了;好吧;(病)好了
  16. all the same 仍然
  17. all the time ①一直;始终②老是(美国英语)
  18. arrive at/in 到达某地
  19. as…as… 一样
  20. as…as one can(=as…as possible) 尽量
  21. as soon as 一就
  22. at breakfast 早餐时
  23. at first 起先;开始的时候
  24. at home 在家
  25. at last 最后;终于
  26. at night 在夜里
  27. at noon 在正午
  28. at once 立刻;马上
  29. at school 在学校上课
  30. at the back of 在……的后面
  31. at the head of 在……的前面
  32. at the moment 此刻
  33. at the same time 同时
  34. at this time of (the) year 在(一年中)这个时节里
  35. at times 时常;有时
  36. at work 在工作
  37. be able to do sth. (= can+V.) 能够
  38. be angry with sb. 生某人的起 be angry at/about sth. 生某事的气
  39. be born 出生
  40. be different from… 和……不同
  41. be full of 充满着……
  42. be good at 善于 be bad at拙于
  43. be good for 对……有益的 be bad for 对……有害的
  44. be in hospital 生病;住院 be in the hospital 在医院
  45. be late for 迟到
  46. be like 像
  47. be made of (be made from) ……制的;用…….制成的
  48. be/get ready 准备好
  49. be sure 肯定;确定
  50. break down ①(机械)损坏②拆散(某物)
  51. by+交通工具 搭乘某交通工具
  52. by the way 顺便一提
  53. by then 到那时
  54. catch (a) cold; have a cold 感冒
  55. change one’s mind 改变想法(注意)
  56. come back 回来
  57. come down 下来
  58. come from ①出生于②来自于
  59. come in 进入;进来come out 出来
  60. come over 过来;顺便来访
  61. come around (走)过来(绕行而来)
  62. day after day 日复一日地;天天
  63. do(es) +V.ing 做某事
  64. do sport 运动;参加(体育)运动
  65. does well ①做得很好②成功③成绩很好
  66. each other 互相
  67. eat up 吃完
  68. either…or… 不是……就是
  69. enjoy oneself 过得愉快
  70. fall behind 落后;跟不上
  71. fall off ①跌落;掉下②(质或量)下降
  72. far away 遥远
  73. feel like doing sth. 想要做某事
  74. feel tired 感到疲劳
  75. find out 查明;发现;了解
  76. from now on 从今以后;今后
  77. from … to … 从……到……
  78. get back ①返回②取回
  79. get down ①下来;落下②记下来
  80. get dressed 穿衣服  081. get home 大家
  81. get into ①进入②搭乘(出租车)③陷入(坏的情况)
  82. get off ①下车②起飞
  83. get on ①上车②生活
  84. get on (with…)= get along (with…) ①生活②与(某人)相处③(活动)有进展
  85. get out of ①从......出来②从出租车(轿车)下来
  86. get ready to do sth. 准备做某事
  87. get up ①起床②起立
  88. get warm (long) 变暖和(长)
  89. give a call 给……打电话
  90. give back 归还;送回
  91. go back 回去
  92. go for a walk 散步
  93. go home 回家
  94. go on 继续
  95. go shopping 去购物
  96. go to bed 睡觉(并未入睡)
  97. go to school 上学
  98. go to sleep 入睡;睡着
  99. go to the cinema 看电影
  100. grow up 成年;长大成人
  101. half an hour 半小时
  102. have a drink of 喝一点……
  103. have good time 玩得很高兴;过得愉快
  104. have a look (at) 看一看
  105. have a match 比赛have a test 测验
  106. have a meeting 开会
  107. have a rest 休息
  108. have a swim 游泳
  109. have a talk 谈话
  110. have a walk 散步
  111. have a wash 洗(手,脸等)
  112. have breakfast 吃早饭
  113. have lessons/classes 上课
  114. have lunch 吃午饭
  115. have sport 进行体育活动
  116. have supper 吃晚饭
  117. have to 不得不;必须
  118. hear from+sb. 收到某人的来信
  119. hear of 听说
  120. help sb. with sth 在某事上帮某人help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事
  121. hold a meeting (= have a meeting) 举行会议
  122. hold on ①等一等(别挂电话)②坚持;持续
  123. hour after hour 一小时又一小时地;持续地
  124. how long ①(时间)多长;多长②(长度)多长
  125. how many/much 多少/多少(钱)
  126. how often 多久;多常
  127. how old 几岁;多大(年纪)
  128. hundreds of 数百
  129. hurry of 匆匆离去;赶快去
  130. hurry up 赶快
  131. in a minute 一会儿;立刻
  132. in bed 躺在床上
  133. in English 用英语(说)
  134. in front 在前方(面);在正对面
  135. in front of 在......前面
  136. in time 正好;及时
  137. in the middle of 在……中间
  138. jump into 跳进……
  139. just a moment 等一会儿
  140. just then 正在那时
  141. keep busy (一直)忙碌
  142. last year 去年
  143. later on 过后;以后
  144. laugh at 嘲笑
  145. listen to 听……(讲话)
  146. look after 照料;照顾
  147. look at (注视着)看;观看
  148. look for 寻找
  149. look into 往……里看
  150. look like 看起来像
  151. look over (医生)检查
  152. look the same 看起来很像
  153. lots of 许多;很多;大量
  154. make friends with 与……交朋友
  155. make sure 务必
  156. middle school 中学
  157. move away 搬开;搬走
  158. move to 搬到
  159. neither… nor… 既不……也不
  160. never mind 不要紧;没关系
  161. next time 下次
  162. no longer (=not…any longer) 不再
  163. not … at all 一点也不;根本不(用来加强not的语气)
  164. not at all 不用谢;别客气
  165. not so … as 不像;不如
  166. on foot 走路;步行
  167. on show 展览;被陈列着
  168. on the earth 在地球上
  169. on the (one’s) way 在途中;在路上
  170. on time 按时;准时
  171. out of 在……之外;从……里头
  172. over there 在那边;在对面
  173. Party member 共产党员
  174. pass on 传递
  175. pay for付钱;支付;付出代价
  176. play with 玩耍
  177. post office 邮局
  178. pull out of 把……从……拉出来
  179. pull …up from 把……从……拉上来
  180. put on 穿;戴上;上演
  181. right away 立刻;马上
  182. right now 现在;刚刚
  183. send away 撵走;开除;解雇
  184. send up 发射
  185. sit down 坐下
  186. so …that 如此……以致……
  187. speak to sb. 与……佳话
  188. spend some time on 在……花时间
  189. stop sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事
  190. take a rest 休息  192. take a walk 散步
  191. take away 拿走
  192. take down 取下
  193. take exercise 锻炼(身体)
  194. take off 脱掉衣物
  195. take one’s time ①不急;慢慢干②用去(某人)时间
  196. take part in 参加
  197. take/have some medicine 服药
  198. take the train/a boat/a bus…坐火车/船/公共汽车……
  199. talk about 谈论
  200. talk to 与……谈话
  201. teach oneself 自学
  202. tell (sb.) about 告诉(某人)……
  203. the other(s) 另一个(其他的)
  204. think about 考虑(是否去做)
  205. too …to 太……不能……
  206. try on 试穿;试试看
  207. turn green 变绿
  208. turn off 关掉(自来水,电灯,收音机等)
  209. turn on 开;旋开(电灯,无线电等)
  210. up and down 上上下下;来回地
  211. very much 很;非常
  212. wait for 等候;等待
  213. wear out 穿坏;穿旧;用尽
  214. with one’s help 在(某人)帮助下
  215. work on ①从事……工作②继续工作③研究
  216. worry about 担心;着急
  217. write down 写下;记下

 

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weinxin
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