2020年10月9日10:10:25 5874字阅读19分34秒


Unit 6 Im going to study computer science.

  1. 短语归纳
① grow up 长大

② every day每天

③ be sure about对某事确信

④ make sure 确信/有把握

⑤ send…to…把…发送到…/把…寄…

⑥ be able to 能/能够

⑦ the meaning of …的意思/含义

⑧ different kinds of 不同种类的

⑨ in common通常

⑩ at the beginning of 在…开始的时候

⑪ write down写下/记下

⑫ have to do with必须处理某事

⑬ take up  开始从事/着手处理/接受

⑭ hardly ever 几乎不

⑮ too…to…太而不能



  1. 典句必背
① What do you want to be when you grow up? 你长大后想成为什么?

② —How are you going to do that? 你打算怎样去做?

—I’m going to practice basketball every day. 我打算每天练习打篮球。

③ Well, I’m going to keep on writing stories, of course. 哦,我当然会继续坚持写故事。

④ My parents want me to be a doctor, but I’m not sure about that. 我的父母想要我成为一名医生,但是我还没有确定。

⑤ Just make sure you try your best. 只要确保你尽力了就行。

⑥ Were you able to keep them? 你能履行它们吗?

⑦ Most of the time, we make promises to other people. 大多数时间,我们向其他人作出承诺。

⑧ Some people might say they are going to take up a hobby like painting or taking photos ,or learn to play the guitar.



  1. 用法集萃
  • What do you want to be when you grow up? 你长大后想成为什么?
  • 这是一个含有时间状语从句的主从复合句。主句含有want to be结构,从句是when引导的时间状语从句。一般情况下,若主从句的动作均未发生,则主句用一般将来时或主句为祈使句或含有情态动词的句子从句都用一般现在时代替一般将来时。

例:I’m going to play basketball when I finish my homework. 我完成作业后,打算去打篮球。

  • grow up常用来指人或动物长大、成年或成熟。

例:She is growing up fast. 她成长得很快

  • 还可以引申为“发展”的意思。

例:A close friendship gradually grows up between them. 他们之间的友谊日益深厚。


  • —How are you going to do that? 你打算怎样去做?

—I’m going to practice basketball every day. 我打算每天练习打篮球。

  • “be going to+动词原形”在句中作谓语,是一般将来时的一种表达形式,


而以前学过的“be going to+表示地点的名词”表示主语打算、准备去某地,


例:We are going to play tennis this afternoon. 今天下午我们要打网球。

We are going to Beijing this afternoon. 今天下午我们要去北京。

  • practice的用法
名词 练习;训练(通常指经常反复的练习) Playing the piano well needs more practice. 弹好钢琴需要多练。
动词 常用短语:practice doing sth. 练习做某事 She is practicing singing the new practice song.


  • 辨析:everyday, every day
everyday  adj.每天的 在句中作定语,位于名词前。 This is our everyday homework.


every day 每天 副词短语, 在句中作状语,位于句首或句末。 He reads books every day.



  • Well, I’m going to keep onwriting stories, of course. 哦,我当然会继续坚持写故事。
  • keep on doing sth. 强调反复性和决心,既可接瞬间动作(表示反复),又可接持续动作。

plan 常见的用法有:

例:Mr. Wang kept on explaining until the students understood. 王老师反复地解释直到学生们听懂了为止。


  • My parents want me to be a doctor, but I’mnot sure about


  • be sure of/ about意为“确信.... ,对...有把握”。

例:I’m sure of his honesty. 我肯定他是诚实的。

If you are not sure about the situation in the world , you can read the newspaper every day.


  • 拓展
be sure to do sth. 务必做某事,请一定做某事


Be sure to telephone me and give me all the news.




The child is sure to be a teacher. 这孩子一定会成为一名教师。

You are sure to win. 你们肯定会赢。

be sure+从句 确信 I’m not sure whether he will come. 我不确信他是否会来。


  • Just make sureyou try your best. 只要确保你尽力了就行。
  • make sure意为“确保,查明”,后可接宾语从句,也可接of(doing) 结构。

例:You must make sure of the time and the place. 你必须把时间和地点弄清楚。

Make sure at least two people from the marketing team can attend.



  • Wereyou able to keep them? 你能履行它们吗?
  • beable to意为“能够”,后接动词原形,相当于情态动词can。

例:He was able to/ could speak French very well. 他法语讲得很不错。

  • 辨析:can, be able to
相同点 can与be able to均可表示某人做某事的能力,常可互换。 Please let us know if you cannot/ aren’t able to come.


不同点 v can只有现在式和过去式(could)两种

v 用于现在时,can泛指一般的能力

v 在表示过去的一般能力时,两者没有很大差别。

You can/could do it. 你可以做到。

He can swim. 他会游泳。

I could /was able to play the piano when I was young.


  v be able to可根据需要使用多种时态,还可以和一些情态动词连用,或用作动词不定式等非谓语形式。

v 用于现在时,be able to指具体做某件事的能力

v 在表示过去的一般能力时,两者没有很大差别。但如果要表示“一时的能力”,即“在过去某时有某种能力,并顺利地完成某事”,则要用was/ were able to, 而不能用could。

The baby will be able to walk in a few weeks.


I am able to express my idea in a clear way.


Though he was sick, he was able to swim across the river. 虽然他病了,但他还是游过了河。



  • Most of the time, we make promisesto other people. 大多数时间,我们向其他人作出承诺。
  • “most of+限定词+名词”=“most+名词”,表示“大多数.......”。

例:Most students go to school by bike.= Most of the students go to school by bike. 大多数学生骑自行车去上学。

  • promise作名词,意为“承诺,诺言”。

常见短语有:keep a promise遵守诺言   make a promise作出承诺

例:Give me your promise that you’ll never be late again. 答应我你绝不再迟到了。

  • 拓展
promise to do sth. 答应做某事 He promised to help us.他答应要帮助我们。
promise sb. sth. 答应某人某事 He promised me the book. 他答应给我这本书。
promise that从句 答应/许诺... I promised that I would give it to Susan. 我答应过把它给苏珊了。


  • Some people might say they are going to take upa hobby like painting or taking photos ,or learn to play the guitar.


  • take up意为“开始做;开始从事(某事)”,具体用法如下:
开始从事 He left the job in the city to take up farming. 他辞去城里的工作,开始务农。
接受;答应(提议或挑战) At last, he took up the offer. 最后,他接受了这个提议。
占用,花费(时间、空间或精力) The work took up all his time. 那工作花费了他所有的时间。


  • Sometimes the resolutions may be toodifficult to 有时决心或许太难以至于无法实现。
  • too...t..句型形式上是肯定的,但是它在意义上是否定的,表示“太...而不能...”。


例:He is too young to join the army. 他年龄太小,不能参军。

  • 有时不定式前可以带有一个由介词for 引出的逻辑主语。

例:The box is too heavy for the boy to carry. 这个箱子太重,这个男孩提不起。

  • 拓展too...to与s..that的转换
  • 当that后的从句为否定式且从句主语与主句的主语相同时,..that 可转换为too...to结构;

若从句主语与主句主语的主语不相同,so...that可转换为too...for sb. to...结构。

例:He was too tired to walk on. = He was so tired that he couldn’t walk on. 他太累了,走不动了。

The bag is too heavy for her to move. =The bag is so heavy that she can’t move. 这个包太重了,她挪不动。

  • ..to...还可以和not...enough to...互换
释义 例句
too...to...太...不能... She is too young to go to school. 她太小而不能上学。

= She is so young that she can’t go to school.

= She is not old enough to go to school.

not...enough to...不够...而不能...





  1. 语法聚焦:be going to的用法

be going to是一种固定结构,表达将来的动作或状态。其主要用法如下:

用法 例句

常与tomorrow, next year等表示将来的时间状语连用。

I’m going to see my good friend tomorrow.


He is going to visit the Summer Palace next Sunday.


表示即将发生的事。 She is going to meet her father at the station at 9:00.


表示根据迹象主观判断肯定将要发生的事。 Look at those clouds. It’s going to rain.


Hurry up! You are going to be late. 快点吧!你们要迟到了。

表示计划好了的、将来要做的事。 The sports meeting is going to be held in August.


The park is going to open on November 2nd.


be going to后面的动词如果是go, come, leave等时,


He is coming here soon. 他很快就要来这儿。

Mr. Li is leaving Shanghai for Beijing.


be going to用在there be句型中,


There is going to be a football match this afternoon.


being to后可接地点,表示“打算去某处”,但接副词时,省略to。 She is going there with Jim. 她打算和吉姆去那里。


  • 注意以下情况不宜用be going to结构:
表示临时决定将要做某事时 Someone is knocking at the door, and I’ll open it. 有人敲门,我去开门。
表示客观必然会发生的事时 Tomorrow will be Sunday. 明天是星期天。