人教新目标英语八年级上册第七单元语法

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2020年10月10日16:55:52 1863字阅读6分12秒
  1. every 与 each 的区别

every 用来表整体,each 用来表个别。each 最低需是两,every 最低需是三。every adj.

every 作主用单数,each 可单也可复,作主、作定用单数,其他情况用复数。 each  adj./ pron.

Every teacher knows her.

There are lots of trees on each side of the road.

Each of the road has a dictionary.

  1. on the earth  在地球上,作地点状语,位于句首或句末。

on earth 究竟,到底。用于疑问句或副词后,加强语气。

All the living things on the earth depend on the sun.

What on earth do you mean?

  1. human, 指包括男人女人孩子的“人,人类”,有别于动物,自然景物,机器等的特殊群体,也可指具体的人。

person, 无性别之分,常用于数目不太大,而且数目比较精确的场合。

people, 泛指“人们”,表示复数概念。

man,前不带冠词而且单独使用时,指“男人”,a man 可指“一个人/ 一个男人”,复数形式为men.

He was the only human on the island.

There are only three persons in the room.

There are many people there.

4.seem 连系动词,好像,似乎,看来。

有下面几种用法:

seem + 名词  看起来。He seems a nice man.

seem like  好像,似乎。   It seemed like a good idea at the time.

seem to do sth. 似乎/看起来/好像做某事。  I seem to have left my book at home.

It seems/seemed that   看起来好像…, 似乎….    He was very happy.

seem to be + 形容词/名词 = seem + 形容词/名词。  She seems to be happy.= She seems happy.

  1. probably ad. maybe 相当于 perhaps. 也许,大概,可能。作状语.

probably 用于句中,可能性最大。 He will probably come tomorrow.

maybe/perhaps 用于句首。       Maybe/Perhaps you are right.

6.during / for / in  介词,在……期间。说到某事是在某一段时间之间发生的用during; 说到某事持续多久则用for; 说到某事具体发生的时间用in.

We visited many places of interest during the summer holiday.

I’ve been here for two weeks.

They usually leave school in July.

7.一般将来时的句式:

1). 肯定句:?主语(I/We)+will/shall+动词原形+(宾语)+其它

I will call you this evening.

We will win the match.

主语(He/She/It/You/They)+will+动词原形+其它

He’ll teach me English tomorrow.

Some day people will go to the moon.

They will take us to the Great Wall next week.

2).否定句:主语(I/We)+will/shall not+动词原形+(宾语)+其他

I won’t be a doctor.

We won’t leave for Beijing next week.

主语(He/She/It/You/They)+ will not+动词原形+其他

They won’t use books .

Mike won't finish middle school in one year.

3).一般疑问句:?Will+主语+动词原形+其他

Will the students go to the zoo this Sunday?    (Yes, they will. /No, they won't.)

Will you leave for Beijing next week?   (Yes, I will. /No, I won't.)

4).特殊疑问句:?特殊疑问词+will +主语+动词原形+其他

When will you leave for Beijing?

Where do you leave for next week?

I will= I’ll;       she will = she’ll;

will not 和shall not分别可以缩写为 won’t 和shan’t。

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