人教新目标英语八年级上册第九单元知识点总结

大南
大南
大南
801
文章
0
评论
2020年10月13日14:05:34 4488字阅读14分57秒

人教新目标英语八年级上册第九单元知识点总结

Unit 9 Can you come to my party?

单元知识点总结

重点单词:

prepare动词----名词preparation    available空闲的----free      hang----过去式hung

catch动词-----三单形式catches----过去式caught         invite动词-----invitation 名词

sad形容词------sadness名词      happy形容词----happiness名词       with-----without

surprise动词-----surprised(surprising)形容词          hear动词------过去式heard

open动词-----名词opening                an  exam        an  event      glue不可数名词

、词组、短语:

1、on Saturday afternoon 在星期六下午,

2、have to 必须(注意三单has和过去时had)

3、 prepare for  准备,

4、go to the doctor去看病,

5、have the flu 患流感,

6、help my parents给父母帮忙,

7、come to the party 参加晚会,

8、meet my friend见朋友,

9、go to the party  参加晚会,

10、too much homework 太多的家庭作业,

11、go to the movies去看电影,

12、another time下次,

13、last fall 去年秋天,

14、hang out 闲逛,

15、after school 放学后,

16、on the weekend 在周末,on weekends在周末

On  weekdays 在工作日

17、study for a test备考,

18、visit grandparents 拜访爷爷奶奶,

19、the day before yesterday 前天,

20、the day after tomorrow后天,

21、have a piano lesson 上钢琴课,

22、look after 照看,

23、accept an invitation 接受邀请,

24、turn down an invitation拒绝邀请,

25、take a trip  参加郊游,

26、at the end of this month在本月底,

27、look forward to  期望/渴望,

28、 the opening of…开幕/开业,

29、reply in writing 写回信,

30、go shopping 购物,

31、do homework 做作业,

32、go to the concert参加音乐会,

33、not…until …直到…才…

34、I’m  afraid  not 恐怕不行

35、catch you 再见

36、Maybe  another time!可能下一次吧

37、make an invitation做邀请

38、accept an invitation接受邀请

39、turn down an invitation拒绝邀请

40、without+动词ing  没有做某事

41、plan  to +动词原形

、习惯用法、搭配

1、invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事,

2、感叹句的基本结构:(谓语要有人称和时态的变化)

What  a/an + 形容词 + 可数名词单数 (+ 主语 + 谓语)!

What    +形容词+可数名词复数(不可数名词)+主语+谓语!

How   +形容词  +主语+谓语!

3、help sb. (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事,

4、if如果(主将从现)    if 是否,引导宾语从句,注意陈述句语序

5、be sad to do sth. 做某事感到悲伤,

6、see sb to do sth /see sb doing sth看见某人做某事,

7、the best way to do sth.做某事的最好方法,

8、have a surprise party for sb为某人举办一个惊喜的晚会,

9、look forward to doing sth. 期望做某事,

10、reply to sth/sb.回答某人/回答某事,

11、What’s today? 今天星期几,几月几日?

12、What’s the date today?今天几月几日?

 

13、What day is it today?今天星期几?

14、refuse   to  do  s.th.拒绝做某事

、重要句子:

1、Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon?星期六下午你能参加我的晚会吗?

2、Sure, I’d love to.  /  Sorry, I can’t. I have to prepare for an exam.

3 Can you come to my party on Saturday?

Sure, I’d love to. /Sorry, I must study for a math test.

4 Can you go to the movie tomorrow  night?

Sure. That sound great. I’m afraid not. I have the flu.

5 Can he go to the party?

No, he can’t. He has to help his parents.

6 Can she go to the baseball game?

No, she’s not available. She must go to the doctor.

7 Can they go to the movie?

No, they’re not free. They might have to meet their friends.

8 I remember we went bike riding last fall.

9 I must prepare for my test

10 she isn’t leaving until next Wednesday.

11what are you planning to do after school?

12 When will you finish the science homework?

13 Who are you going to the movies with ?

14 Are you free to come to my place on Saturday?

15 What a  great idea!

16 She help me to improve my English so much.

17 It is another way of saying “byebye”

18 I’d still be glad to help out

19 Let me know if you need my help

20 Think of games to play

21 prepare things we need for the party

22 Don’t tell her so  that she  can be surprised.

23 I look forward to hearing from you all.

24 What kind of party is it?

25 Who is  the party for?

26 When will the event happen?

27 What will happen after this?

28 What do you want to say to her?

29 When is the best time to have a party?

30What activities will there be at the party?

、词语辨析

1、prepare意为“准备”,强调准备的动作与过程。宾语是这一动作的承受者。其后也可接双宾语,还可接不定式。  prepare for sth. 为…准备好。for的宾语不是动作的承受者,而是表示准备的目的,即所要应付的情况。  /  prepare to do sth  准备做某事。

prepare 强调准备的动作与过程。宾语是这一动作的承受者。其后也可接双宾语,还可接不定式。

get/be ready意为“准备好”,强调准备的结果。常见结构有:①be ready(for sth.)②get sth. ready ③be ready(for sth)④be get ready to do(准备干某事,乐于干某事)

We _____ the mid-term examination.  Miss Li said, “Everyone should ______before class.

  1. have the flu 患感冒, have a cold 感冒 ,have a cough 咳嗽, have a fever 发烧 ,  have a sore throat 喉咙痛, have a headache 头痛 ,have a toothache 牙痛,
  2. hang out 常去某处,泡在某处, hang on 紧紧抓住,  hang about 闲荡, hang up  挂电话,悬挂,挂起
  3. catch you =see you = bye bye ,catch a cold感冒 , catch sb’s eye引起某人注意, catch the train 赶上火车

catch up with =keep up with 赶上,跟上 ,catch hold of=take hold of 抓住

5.accept 接受 , 反义词为: refuse。  accept指主观上愿意接受,receive 收到,指客观上收到或拿到,但主观上不一定会接受。 I received his gift yesterday, but I wouldn’t like to accept it.

6 turn down = refuse 拒绝    turn up 放大,调高    turn over 翻身    take turns 依次,轮流

7 help sb.(to) do sth 帮助某人做某事  help sb. with sth  在某方面帮助人   help oneself to sth  随便吃

8 at the end of  在…末尾,在…尽头,  by the end of   到…末为止     in the end  终于

9 surprised 形容词,感到意外的,主语是人be surprised to do sth  对做某事感到意外

surprising 形容词,令人惊讶的,主语是物  The news was surpring.

surprise 名词,惊奇、惊讶 to one’s surprise使某人吃惊,动词,使惊奇,使感到意外 It surprise sb to do sth.

10 look forward to  期待,盼望,to 是介词,后跟名词,代词或动名词作宾语。

11 hear from sb. 收到某人的来信 = receive a letter from sb.

hear of = hear about 听说

12 make it 在约定的时间内到达,能够来 =  arrive in time;   Glad you could make it.

商量确定的时间,表示将来某项计划的安排,后接时间状语。 Let’s make it at seven o’clock on Tuesday.

成功办成某事 = succeed  After years of hard work, he finally made it.

13 reply  回答,指用口头或书面形式回答,不及物动词  reply to sb/sth.  对…..作出回答。

作及物动词,意为 回答,回答说。作名词,意为:答道,回信,答复,后跟介词 to .

answer 是最普通的用语,包括口头,书面或行动的回答,可作及物和不及物动词。

 

继续阅读
weinxin
初中生提分
用微信扫描加好友,获取更多初中学习资料