人教新目标英语八年级上册第十单元知识点

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2020年10月14日09:41:06 5288字阅读17分37秒

人教新目标英语八年级上册第十单元知识点

Section -A

1c.

A: Are you going to the party tomorrow night?

B: Yes, I am.

A: Who will you go with?

B: I think I’ll go with Karen and Anna.

A: If you do, youll have a great time.

Have a great time doing做某事玩得很开心

If的条件句

1.if引导条件状语从句,含义是:如果

2.主从句要遵循主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时

--If she comes here tomorrow, I will tell her about it.

3.if引导宾语从句,含义是:是否

4.主从句时态不确定

--I don’t know if she will come here tomorrow.

词汇(P.74)

1.meeting [`mi:tɪŋ] n. 会议,集会

2.video [`vɪdiəʊ] n.录像

3.organize [`ɔ:gənaɪz] v.组织,筹划

4.potato chips 炸薯条

5.chocolate [`tʃɒklət] n.巧克力

2c.

A: OK, when is a good time to have the party?

B: Lets have it today.

A: Hmm. If we have it today, half the class wont come.

 

2d.对话

Jeff: Hey, Ben. For the party next week, should we ask people to bring food?

Ask sb to do sth让某人做某事

Ben: No, lets order food from a restaurant. If we ask people to bring food, theyll just bring potato chips and chocolate because theyll be too lazy to cook.

Too---to 太---而不能---

--She’s too young to go to school.

--She’s not old enough to go to school.

--She’s not so old that she can’t go to school.

Jeff: OK. For the games, do you think we should give people some small gifts if they win?

Ben: I think that’s a great idea! If we do that, more people will want to play the games.

Jeff: Yes, the games will be more exciting, too.

词汇(P.75)

1.upset [ʌp`set] adj.难过的,沮丧的

2.taxi   [`tæksi] n.出租车

3.advice [əd`vaɪs] n.建议

3a.用单词正确形式填空

Dear Su Mei,

I dont__________(know) what__________(do) about__________(go) to Mikes birthday party tomorrow night. My parents__________(think) I should__________(study) for my English exam next week. If I __________(go) to the party, they__________(be) upset. Mike __________(tell) us__________(wear) nice clothes, but I dont__________(have) any. If I __________(wear) jeans, I __________(look) the worst. Also, I’m not sure how___________(go) to the party. If I __________(walk), it___________(take) me too long. If I __________(take) a taxi, it__________(be) too expensive. Can you give me some advice, please?

Also位于句首,含义是:而且

Advice

1.Advice n.建议(不可数名词)

--a piece of advice, two pieces of advice

2.Advise v.建议

  1. Advise sb to do sth

--My parents advise me to come home early.

  1. Advise doing sth

--She advises buying some drink and food.

Exercise:练习

1.Do you want to make friends________ Tom?

  1. to        B. with          C. from

2.I don’t have much time__________(play) computer games.

3.There isn’t any________ at home.

  1. food enough        B. enough food

4.It’s_______ sing English songs.

  1. easy enough     B. enough easy

5.I have lots of homework__________(exercise) to do this evening.

6.I need more___________(exercise) to keep healthy.

7.Did you finish___________(do) your homework?

8.Some students will get___________(boring).

9.They are excited_____________(hear) the news.

10.The students are talking about when___________(have) the party.

Section B

词汇(P.76)

1.travel [`trævl] v. n.旅游,游历

2.agent [`eɪdʒənt] n.经纪人

1a.

1.get an education

education教育(U); 有教益的经历(C)

2.around the world全世界

=All over the world

词汇(P.77)

1.expert [`ekspə:t] n.专家

2.keep---to oneself保守秘密

3.teenager   [`ti:neɪdʒə(r)] n.青少年

4.normal   [`nɔ:ml] adj.正常的,一般的

5.unless   [ən`les]  conj.除非,如果不

6.certainly [`sɜ:tnli] adv.当然,无疑

7.wallet [`wɒlɪt] n.钱包

8.mile [mail] n.英里

9.angry [`æŋgri] adj.生气的

10.understanding [,ʌndə`stændɪŋ] adj.善解人意的

11.careless [`keələs] adj.粗心的

12.mistake [mɪ`steɪk] n.错误

13.himself [`himself] pron.他自己

14.careful [`keəfl] adj.小心的,认真的

15.advise [əd`vaɪz] v.建议

16.solve   [sɒlv] v.解决

17.step   [step] n.步;步骤

18.trust   [trʌst] v.相信

19.experience   [ɪk`spɪəriəns] n.经验;经历

20.in half分成两半

21.halfway [,hɑ:f`weɪ] adj. / adv.在中途

22.else [els] adv.其它的

2b.阅读短文

Students these days often have a lot of worries.

These days如今;近来,最近;目前

Worry

1.worry v.担忧,担心

2.worry about 担忧,担心

3.be worried about担忧,担心

4.worry n.令人担忧的事,让人发愁的事(可数名词)

Sometimes they have problems with their schoolwork, and sometimes with their friends.

做某事遇到困难

1.have problems / trouble / difficulty with sth在某事方面遇到困难

2.have problems / trouble / difficulty in doing sth在做某事遇到困难

What can they do about this?

Some people believe the worst thing is to do nothing.

To do nothing不定式作表语

Laura Mills, a teenager from London, agrees.

Problems and worries are normal in life, says Laura.

But I think talking to someone helps a lot.

Talking to someone动名词短语作主语

Unless we talk to someone, well certainly feel worse.

Unless(连词)除非;如果不(=if not)

--Unless we talk to someone, we’ll certainly feel worse.’

=If we don’t talk to anyone, we’ll certainly feel worse.

Laura once lost her wallet, and worried for days.

For days数天

She was afraid to tell her parents about it.

Be afraid to do sth害怕做某事

She even walked three miles to school each day because she didnt have any money.

She just kept thinking, If I tell my parents, theyll be angry!

Keep

1.keep v.保持,保留

2.keep doing sth继续做某事(连续不断,无间隔性)

--Keep reading指一直在读书

3.keep sb doing sth让某人持续做某事

--Sorry, I kept you waiting for very long.

4.keep on doing sth继续做某事(有间隔性)

--Keep on reading期间有间歇性读书

In the end, she talked to her parents and they were really understanding.

In the end=at last最后

Her dad said he sometimes made careless mistakes himself.

Make mistakes (make a mistake)犯错误

They got her a new wallet and asked her to be more careful.

Get=buy买

I will always remember to share my problems in the future! Laura says.

Robert Hunt advises students about common problems.

Advise sb to do sth建议某人做某事

Advise doing sth建议做某事

He feels the same way as Laura.

It is best not to run away from our problems.

Run away from逃避;逃离

不定式否定式:not to do

--They decided not to visit the park.

--He tried not to lose his way to school.

--She told me not to laugh at her.

We should always try to solve them.

He thinks the first step is to find someone you trust to talk to.

To find不定式作表语

To talk不定式作状语(此不定式必须是及物的,因为talk to的宾语是someone)

This person doesnt need to be an expert like himself.

Students often forget that their parents have more experience, and are always there to help them.

Experience n.经验(不可数名词);经历(可数名词)

In English, we say that sharing a problem is like cutting it in half.

Cut---in half把---切成两半

So youre halfway to solving a problem just by talking to someone about it!

Be halfway to doing完成了某事情的一部分

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