人教版英语九年级第一单元知识点总结

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2020年10月15日10:14:59 评论 67 次浏览 7915字阅读26分23秒

人教新目标英语九年级

unit1单元知识点

重点短语

1.by doing sth

2.by working with a group通过同小组一起学习

3.by making word cards通过制作单词卡片

4.by listening to tapes通过听录音磁带

5.by asking sb for help通过向某人求助

6.by watching videos/ English programs通过看录像/英文节目

7.by listening to a tape and repeating out loud

通过听录音和大声重复朗读

8.by having conversations with friends通过和朋友一起会话

9.by taking notes, doing exercises and reading a lot

通过记笔记、做大量的练习和阅读

10.by writing e-mails to my pen pals通过给笔友写电子邮件

11.by reading books and newspapers 通过读书看报

12.by speaking English with my classmates 通过和同学讲英语

13.by memorizing sentence patterns 通过记句型

14.by doing grammar exercises 通过做语法练习

15.by reading English books/magazines. 通过阅读英文书籍和杂志

16.by writing in an English diary 通过写英文日记

17.by using an English dictionary 通过用英语字典

18.have conversations with sb同某人谈话

19.too...to..太...而不能...---so…that…/ enough to do sth 的转换

20.give a report作报告

21.at first起初

22.word by word逐词逐句地

23.the secret to language learning 学习语言的秘诀

24.be afraid to do sth害怕做某事=be afraid that+宾语从句

be afraid of sth / doing sth 害怕…

25.an English movie called Toy Story一部名叫《玩具故事》的英文电影

26.fall in love with爱上...

27.body language肢体语言

28.as well也=too ;as well as 如同、和,连接主语时如同with(主谓一致要看前一主语,不能相加)

29.a piece of cake小菜一碟;很容易的事

30.It serves you right.活该,自作自受

31.look up查阅;查找(主考点)

32.so that以便;为了

33.repeat out loud大声跟读

34.sentence patterns句型

35.spoken English英语口语

36.make mistakes in doing sth 在...方面犯错

by mistake 错误地 mistake … for … 把……误认为……

37.the ability to do sth做某事的能力

38.depend on视...而定;取决于;依靠

39.pay attention to注意;关注

40.connect...with...  把...和...连接或联系起来

41.get bored感到厌烦

42.try to do sth尽力做某事

43.be stressed out焦虑不安的

44.even if 即使

45.think about 考虑;think of 想起;think over仔细考虑

46.learn from 向……学习

47.something new / interesting  新事物/有趣的东西

48.be born with 天生具有

49.Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧

重点词语用法讲解+归纳

考点1介词by

1.by +doing sth.----划线提问用how

①by reading the textbook;by asking the teacher for help

②How can I learn English well?---By reading every morning.

③介词by的其他用法:

1)by+交通工具,“乘/坐...”by bus乘公共汽车

2)by+地点,“在...的旁边;靠近...”by the lake在湖边

3)by+时间,“截止到...;不迟于...” by ten十点前

④常连用的短语:

by the way 顺便问一下     by accident= by chance 偶然地  by mistake 错误地          one by one 一个接一个

step by step 一步一步地     little by little 逐渐地

by the time 到……为止      by oneself 独自地

by hand 用手              by the end of 到….... 末尾

go/pass by 通过;经过      by and by 不久以后

考点2 find的用法及搭配

⑤find+that从句(作宾语)

⑥find+it(形式宾语)+形容词+for sb +to do sth(作真正宾语)

⑦find out查清楚,弄明白; lost and found 失物招领

I find it difficult (for Lily) to learn math well.我发现学好数学很难。=I find that it is difficult for Lily to learn math well.

考点4 单元中的状语从句

☆so/ such…that 引导的结果状语从句句型有:

①so +形容词/副词+that 从句

②so+形容词+ a / an +单数名词+that 从句=

③such+ a / an + (形容词)+单数名词+that 从句

④such + (形容词)+复数名词 / 不可数名词 + that从句

She is so lovely a girl that we love her very much.=

She is such a lovely girly that we love her very much.

她是一个这么可爱的女孩,以至于我们都喜欢她。

㊣当名词前有many ,much, few, little修饰时,用so而不用such ,所以有so many /few+复数名词;so much/little +不可数名词

㊣so…that 句型的否定形式可用too…to do sth或not…enough to do sth 化成简单句

He is so young that he can’t go to school.=

He is too young to go to school.=

He is not old enough to go to school.他太小而不能上学。

☆so that引导的目的状语从句

①so that =in order that +主语+may/ might/can/could/ will/would+动词原形+其他

☆although/though , even if /even though , no matter+特殊疑问词=特殊疑问词+ever 引导的让步状语从句

①让步状语从句 从句可放在句首,也可置于句末。although= though 不能与but连用,“尽管,虽然”

Although / Though his father is very old, he is quite strong.

尽管他的父亲年纪大了,但身体还很强壮。=

His father is very old, but he is quite strong.

②even if =even though “即使”也不能与but连用。

Even if you say so , I do not believe it.即使你那么说了,但我还是不相信它。

☆whatever= no matter what 无论什么(理解疑问代词/副词)

whoever=no matter who 无论谁

however=no matter how无论如何

wherever=no matter where无论哪里

whenever=no matter when无论何时

考点5 动词不定式符号to与介词to的区别

①need to do sth 需要做某事

②be afraid to do sth 害怕干某事

③help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人干某事

④want to do sth 想要干什么

⑤enough to do 足以干某事

⑥too…to do sth 太……而不能干某事

⑦try to do sth 尽力干某事

⑧find it +形容词+to do sth 发现干什么是怎么样的(真正宾语)

⑨It is +形容词+to do sth .干什么是怎么样的。 (真正主语)

⑩特殊疑问词+to do .---how to increase my reading speed.

11get sb to do sth 让某人做某事

12be born with the ability to learn 天生具有的学习能力

13the best way to do sth= the best way of doing sth 做某事最好的方法

14the secret to +名词 …的秘诀

15pay attention to +名词/ doing 注意什么/干什么

make a difference to …对……有影响

be/get used to doing 习惯于干什么

make a contribution to 对……有贡献

look forward to doing 期望干什么

考点6.动名词考查:

①practice doing sth 练习干某事

②keep doing sth 一直干某事

③miss doing sth 思念干某事

④mind doing sth 介意干某事

⑤enjoy doing sth 喜欢干某事

⑥finish doing sth 完成某事

⑦feel like doing sth 想要干某事

⑧be busy doing sth 忙于干某事

⑨can’t help doing sth 情不自禁地干某事

⑩have fun doing sth 在干某事方面玩的愉快

11have trouble (in) doing sth 在干某事方面有困难

12give up doing sth 放弃干某事

13put off doing sth 推迟,延期干某事

14by doing sth ; be afraid of doing ; make a mistake in doing ;

动名词中考中主要考查:及物动词后;介词后;和固定短语搭配的动名词;作主语的动名词,其作主语谓语要用单数形式。

⑵look常搭配短语区分:

①look up 查找(跟代词作宾语,代词放中间)

②look after 照顾 =take care of

③look like 看起来像 =be like=be similar to

④look out 当心,小心=be careful

⑤look through 浏览

⑥look for 寻找

⑦look forward to 期待

⑧look around 向四周看=look about

⑨have/ take a look 看一看

⑩look over 仔细检查

⑷think 短语区分:

①think about 想起,考虑

②think of 想到,认为what…think of =how …like /feel about

③think over 仔细考虑

④think up 想出来 =come up with想出,提出

⑸try短语区分:

①try on 试穿

②try to do sth 努力做某事 【侧重尽力做】

③try doing sth 试图做某事 【侧重尝试做】

④try one’s best to do sth= do one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大努力做某事

⑤have a try 试一试

⑹come短语区分:

①come from 来自=be from

②come back 回来

③come out  出来,主考【出版,发行】无被动结构

④come on 加油,快点

⑤come in 进来

⑥come over to sp顺便来访某地—drop in on sb顺便拜访某人=drop by sb

⑦come true 实现 (主语常是梦想)

⑧come up with 想出

⑻join / join in / take part in区分:

① join=be a member of  参加 ,指加入某种组织,并成为其中的一员。

join the army / party 入伍/ 党   join the club 加入俱乐部

②join in 后接活动名称

③join sb. 加入到某个人群之中

④take part in 参加 ,指加入群体活动中并在活动中发挥重要作用。

⑼mistake用法总结:分名词和动词

①mistake →mistook → mistaken v 错误

②make mistakes 出错

③make mistakes in 在某方面放错

④mistake …for… 把…误认为…

⑤by mistake 错误地

⑽learn用法总结:

①learn→learned/learnt→learned/learnt v 学习---learner初学者

②learn about 了解

③learn from sb. 向某人学习

④learn to do sth 学着做某事

⑤learn …by oneself= teach oneself 自学

⑾call用法总结:

①call sb.=telephone sb. =phone sb. =give sb. a call =ring sb. up 给某人打电话

②call on sb.  拜访某人

③called=named 叫做(作后置定语) a boy called Tom

with the name of= called = named 名叫……

◆That’s the girl named/called Lily.

⑿speak用法总结:

①speak→ spoke → spoken v 说

②spoken English 英语口语

③written English 书面英语

④speaking skills /practice口语技巧/口语练习

⑤an English-speaking country 一个说英语的国家

⒀不定式作后置定语时,是否带介词:

①I don’t have a partner to practice English with.

②I need a pen to write with.

③I need some paper to write on.

④There is no room for us to live(in).

⒃Creating an interest in what they learn创造对所学内容的兴趣。interest 为可数名词

①人be interested in 对……感兴趣【形容词】

②物 be interesting 某物令某人感兴趣【形容词】

③物 interest(s) sb 使某人感兴趣【动词】

④人take an interest in 对……产生兴趣【名词】

⑤人show an interest in 表现出对……的兴趣【名词】

⑥an interesting film / man一部有趣的电影/一个有兴趣的人

Tom is interested in this film. Tom 对这部电影感兴趣。

=This film is very interesting. 这部电影是非常有趣的。

=This film interests Tom. 这部电影使Tom 感兴趣。

=Tom takes an interest in this film. Tom对这部电影产生浓厚的兴趣

=Tom shows an interest in this film. Tom对这部电影表示出兴趣。

=This is an interesting film. 这是一部有趣的电影。

⒄get+宾语+宾补

①get sb / sth + 形容词   使某人或某物处于某种状态

I can’t get the pronunciation right.我不能正确发音。

②get sb /sth. +to do sth.  让某人或某物干某事

You should get your friend to help you.你应该让你的朋友帮助你

③get sb / sth + doing sth.使某人或某物一直干什么。

You must get the machine running all the time.你必须让机器一直运行。

④get sb /sth. + 过去分词 使某事发生

This letter is very important, you mustn’t get it lost.

这份信特别重要,你绝不能搞丢了。

⒅the + 比较级, the + 比较级。越……就越……

◆ The more you read, the faster you’ll be. 你读的越多就读的越快

◆ The more , the better. 多多益善。

比较级+and+比较级  越来越……

◆Our hometown is becoming more and more beautifu.

我们的家乡变得越来越美丽。

◆It’s getting warmer and warmer in spring.

春天,天气变得越来越暖和。

⒆四“也”的区分:also,  too, as well, either

①also比too正式一些,语气较重,只用于肯定句,一般紧靠动词。

②too语气较轻,多用于口语,在肯定句中使用,通常位于句末。

③as well一般不用否定句,通常放在句末强调时可放在句中。

④either用于否定句,放在句末,之前加逗号

考点8:习语熟记:

①Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧

②Use it or lose it. 非用即失。

③Knowledge comes from questioning.知识源自质疑。

④It’s a piece of cake. 小菜一碟。

⑤It serves you right.活该,自作自受。

⑥The more , the better. 多多益善。

⑦It’s never too old to learn. 活到老学到老。

考点10 it的形式主语和形式宾语

①It is + difficult/ hard / easy / important / necessary + for sb to do sth. 干某事对某人来说是怎么样的。

②It is + kind / good / nice / clever of sb to do sth.

③find / feel / think+ it + 形容词+ to do sth.发现、感到、认为干……是怎么样的

◆It is useful for you to learn English well.

◆It’s too hard to understand spoken English.  听懂英语口语太难了。

◆It is important for us to protect the environment .

◆It’s very kind of you to help me.你帮助我真是太好了。

◆Why did Wei Fen find it difficult to learn English?为什么魏芬发现英语难学。

考点11 some time /sometime/some times/sometimes

口诀:分开是一段,相连某时;分开s 是倍次,相连s是有时

①some time一段时间,做时间状语

It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间

②sometime adv 在(将来的)某个时候

I hope to visit the USA _____ in the future.

  1. sometimes B. some times C. sometime D. some time

③some times 名词词组,“几次,几倍”

Mr. Green went to Sanya some times last summer.

④sometimes=at times 有时 (一般现在时的标志词)

I do that sometimes .  I think it helps.

考点12 –ed 与-ing式形容词区分

①excited / exciting –be excited about 对……感到兴奋

②interested/interesting—be interested in 对……感兴趣

③surprised/surprising—be surprised at 对……感到惊讶

④relaxed/relaxing—be relaxed about 对……感到轻松

以—ing结尾的adj. 常用来作表语,修饰物。

以—ed结尾的adj.用来表示情绪,常做表语,修饰人

 

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